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Table Of Contents

Human Impacts on the Environment2
Environmental Sustainability9
Environmental Science12
Addressing Environmental Problems18
2 Environmental Laws, Economics, and Ethics24
A Brief Environmental History of the United States25
U.S. Environmental Legislation29
Economics and the Environment33
Environmental Justice41
3 Ecosystems and Energy48
The Flow of Energy Through Ecosystems55
CASE-IN-POINTHow Humans have Affected the Antarctic
4 Ecosystems and Living Organisms65
Evolution: How Populations Change over Time66
Biological Communities70
Community Development84
CASE-IN-POINTSpecies Richness in Lake Victoria83
5 Ecosystems and the Physical Environment89
The Cycling of Materials Within Ecosystems90
Determining Health Effects of Environmental Pollution155
8 Population Change168
Principles of Population Ecology169
Factors That Affect Population Size173
Reproductive Strategies176
Demographics of Countries183
Demographics of the United States187
CASE-IN-POINTPredator-Prey Dynamics on Isle Royale175
9 Addressing Population Issues192
Population and Quality of Life193
Reducing the Total Fertility Rate196
Solar Radiation99
The Atmosphere101
The Global Ocean104
Weather and Climate108
Internal Planetary Processes111
6 Major Ecosystems of the World117
Earth’s Major Biomes118
Aquatic Ecosystems128
7 Human Health and Environmental Toxicology145
Environmental Pollution and Disease150
Government Policies and Fertility200
Achieving Population Stabilization205
Population and Urbanization210
The City as an Ecosystem214
Urban Land Use Planning218
Making Cities More Sustainable221
Oil and Natural Gas242
Synfuels and Other Potential Fossil-Fuel Resources250
Introduction to Nuclear Processes255
Nuclear Fission257
Safety Issues in Nuclear Power Plants264
Radioactive Wastes268
The Future of Nuclear Power272
13 Renewable Energy and Conservation277
Direct Solar Energy278
Indirect Solar Energy283
Other Renewable Energy Sources289
High- and Low-Technology Energy Solutions292
Human Impacts on the Environment
Population, Resources, and the Environment
Environmental Sustainability
Environmental Science
Addressing Environmental Problems
A Brief Environmental History of the United States
U.S. Environmental Legislation
Economics and the Environment
Environmental Justice
Environmental Ethics, Values, and Worldviews
The Flow of Energy Through Ecosystems
Evolution: How Populations Change Over Time
Biological Communities
Species Richness in a Community
Species Richness in a Community81
Community Development
The Cycling of Materials Within Ecosystems
Solar Radiation
The Atmosphere
The Global Ocean
Weather and Climate
Internal Planetary Processes
Earth’s Major Biomes
Aquatic Ecosystems
Environmental Pollution and Disease
Determining Health Effects of Environmental Pollution
Ecotoxicology: Toxicant Effects on Communities and Ecosystems
Decision Making and Uncertainty: Assessment of Risks
Principles of Population Ecology
Factors That Affect Population Size
Reproductive Strategies
Metapopulations
The Human Population
Demographics of Countries
Demographics of the United States
Population and Quality of Life
Reducing the Total Fertility Rate
Government Policies and Fertility
Achieving Population Stabilization
Population and Urbanization
The City as an Ecosystem
Urban Land Use Planning
Making Cities More Sustainable
Energy Sources, Consumption, and Policy
Fossil Fuels 233
Oil and Natural Gas
Synfuels and Other Potential Fossil-Fuel Resources
Nuclear Energy
Introduction to Nuclear Processes
Nuclear Fission
Pros and Cons of Nuclear Energy261
Pros and Cons of Nuclear Energy
Safety Issues in Nuclear Power Plants
Radioactive Wastes
The Future of Nuclear Power
Direct Solar Energy
Indirect Solar Energy
Other Renewable Energy Sources
High- and Low-Technology Energy Solutions
The Importance of Water
Water Use and Resource Problems
TOO MUCH WATER
TOO LITTLE WATER
Water Problems in the United States and Canada
SURFACE WATER
GROUNDWATER
Global Water Problems
Water Management
Water Management319
Water Conservation
Soil Resources
SOILCOMPOSITION
What Is Soil?329
SOILHORIZONS
NUTRIENTCYCLING
Soil Properties and Major Soil Types
MAJOR SOILGROUPS
SOILSALINIZATION
Soil Conservation and Regeneration
CROPROTATION
SOILRECLAMATION
Introduction to Minerals
Environmental Impacts Associated with Minerals
Minerals: An International Perspective
Increasing the Supply of Minerals
Using Substitution and Conservation to Expand Mineral Supplies
Biological Diversity
Extinction and Species Endangerment
Conservation Biology
Wilderness, Parks, and Wildlife Refuges
WILDLIFE REFUGES
DEFORESTATION
Rangelands and Agricultural Lands
Wetlands and Coastal Areas
Wetlands and Coastal Areas415
COASTLINES
Conservation of Land Resources
World Food Security
MAINTAINING GRAIN STOCKS
POVERTY AND FOOD
Food Production
Challenges of Producing More Crops and Livestock
INCREASING CROPYIELDS
THE GENE REVOLUTION
The Environmental Impacts of Agriculture435
The Environmental Impacts of Agriculture
Solutions to Agricultural Problems
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
Solutions to Agricultural Problems437
Fisheries of the World
Controlling Air Pollution in the United States
Ozone Depletion in the Stratosphere
THE CAUSES OF OZONE DEPLETION
THE EFFECTS OF OZONE DEPLETION
Acid Deposition
Air Pollution Around the World
Indoor Air Pollution
Introduction to Climate Change
Introduction to Climate Change477
The Effects of Global Climate Change
Dealing with Global Climate Change493
Dealing with Global Climate Change
Types of Water Pollution 499
Types of Water Pollution
THERMALPOLLUTION
Water Quality Today
Improving Water Quality
Laws Controlling Water Pollution
CLEAN WATER ACT
What Is a Pesticide?
What Is a Pesticide? 527
Benefits and Problems with Pesticides 529
Benefits and Problems with Pesticides
Risks of Pesticides to Human Health
Alternatives to Pesticides
Laws Controlling Pesticide Use
The Manufacture and Use of Banned Pesticides
Solid Waste
Waste Prevention
Hazardous Waste
Living Sustainably
Sustainable Living: A Plan of Action
Changing Personal Attitudes and Practices
THE ROLE OF EDUCATION
What Kind of World Do We Want?
Units of Measure: Some Useful Conversions
Abbreviations, Formulas, and Acronyms Used in This Text
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Ecology

Ecology

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Published by Nastya07

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Published by: Nastya07 on Mar 15, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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