Hazardous substances include:
substances used directly in workactivities (eg adhesives, paints,cleaning agents);
substances generated duringwork activities (eg fumes fromsoldering and welding);
naturally occurring substances(eg grain dust);
biological agents such as bacteriaand other micro-organisms.
Where are hazardous substances found?
In nearly all work environments, forexample:
Examples of the effects of hazardous substances include:
skin irritation or dermatitis as aresult of skin contact;
asthma as a result of developingallergy to substances used at work;
losing consciousness as a result
of being overcome by toxic fumes;
cancer, which may appear long
after the exposure to the chemicalthat caused it;
infection from bacteria and othermicro-organisms (biological agents).
To comply with COSHH you need tofollow these eight steps:
Assess the risks
to health arisingfrom hazardous substances used inor created by your workplace activities.
Decide what precautions are n e e d e d .
You must not carry out workwhich could expose your employeesto hazardous substances without ﬁrstconsidering the risks and thenecessary precautions, and what else
you need to do to comply with COSHH.
P revent or adequately contro l ex p o s u re.
You must prevent youremployees being exposed tohazardous substances. Where
preventing exposure is not