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Introduction
1.1 Importance of Fluids
1.1.1 Fluids in the pure sciences
1.1.2 Fluids in technology
1.2 The Study of Fluids
1.2.1 The theoretical approach
1.2.2 Experimental ﬂuid dynamics
1.2.3 Computational ﬂuid dynamics
1.3 Overview of Course
2.1 The Continuum Hypothesis
2.2 Deﬁnition of a Fluid
2.2.1 Shear stress induced deformations
2.2.2 More on shear stress
2.3 Fluid Properties
2.3.1 Viscosity
2.3.2 Thermal conductivity
2.3.3 Mass diﬀusivity
2.3.4 Other ﬂuid properties
2.4 Classiﬁcation of Flow Phenomena
2.4.2 Flow dimensionality
2.4.3 Uniform and non-uniform ﬂows
2.4.4 Rotational and irrotational ﬂows
2.4.5 Viscous and inviscid ﬂows
2.4.6 Incompressible and compressible ﬂows
2.4.7 Laminar and turbulent ﬂows
2.4.8 Separated and unseparated ﬂows
2.5 Flow Visualization
2.5.1 Streamlines
2.5.2 Pathlines
2.5.3 Streaklines
2.6 Summary
The Equations of Fluid Motion
3.1 Lagrangian & Eulerian Systems; the Substantial Derivative
3.1.1 The Lagrangian viewpoint
3.1.2 The Eulerian viewpoint
3.1.3 The substantial derivative
3.2 Review of Pertinent Vector Calculus
3.2.1 Gauss’s theorem
3.2.2 Transport theorems
3.3 Conservation of Mass—the continuity equation
3.3.1 Derivation of the continuity equation
3.3.2 Other forms of the diﬀerential continuity equation
3.3.3 Simple application of the continuity equation
3.3.4 Control volume (integral) analysis of the continuity equation
3.4 Momentum Balance—the Navier–Stokes Equations
3.4.1 A basic force balance; Newton’s second law of motion
3.4.2 Treatment of surface forces
3.5.1 Mathematical structure
3.5.2 Physical interpretation
3.6 Scaling and Dimensional Analysis
3.6.1 Geometric and dynamic similarity
lengths
3.6.2 Scaling the governing equations
3.6.3 Dimensional analysis via the Buckingham Π theorem
3.6.4 Physical description of important dimensionless parameters
3.7 Summary
Applications of the Navier–Stokes
4.1 Fluid Statics
4.1.1 Equations of ﬂuid statics
4.1.2 Buoyancy in static ﬂuids
4.2 Bernoulli’s Equation
4.2.1 Derivation of Bernoulli’s equation
4.2.2 Example applications of Bernoulli’s equation
4.3 Control-Volume Momentum Equation
4.3.1 Derivation of the control-volume momentum equation
4.3.2 Application of control-volume momentum equation
4.4 Classical Exact Solutions to N.–S. Equations
4.4.1 Couette ﬂow
4.4.2 Plane Poiseuille ﬂow
4.5 Pipe Flow
4.5.1 Some terminology and basic physics of pipe ﬂow
4.5.2 The Hagen–Poiseuille solution
4.5.3 Practical Pipe Flow Analysis
Re, and (b) high Re
4.6 Summary
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Fluid-Dynamics

# Fluid-Dynamics

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02/19/2013

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