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Ihtbp March 2011 Final

Ihtbp March 2011 Final

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Published by Taimoor Hassan

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Published by: Taimoor Hassan on Mar 16, 2011
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March 01, 2011Volume 2 Issue 3
PPP leader in US figures in NICLscamISLAMABAD: In yet another development in the National Insur-ance Company Limited’s Rs5 bil-lion scam, it has surfaced that oneof the front men of Ayaz Niazi isvice President of Pakistan People’sParty in USA while another diedin the Air Blue crash in the Mar-galla Hills last year.Director Federal InvestigationAgency Karachi Moazzam Jah hadtold the Supreme Court that hehad detected that a sum of Rs900million regarding Korangi landhas landed into a joint account of Khalid Anwar Khan and KhawajaAkbar Butt. He told the court thatone Zafar Salim is the real owner of this amount, whereas KhawajaAkbar Butt is the front man of Ayaz Niazi, NICL’s former chair-man. Of these Khalid Anwar Khan is vice President of PPP inUSA and is a close
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Houston Texas: Khalid Anwar KhanVice President Pakistan Peoples partyUSA, former President Pakistan As-sociation of Greater Houston wholost Houston City Council District Felection last year has been accused of a major financial fraud in Pakistan.Federal Investigation Agency FIA hasconcluded a major investigation inwhich millions of dollars were em-bezzled from NICL. FIA has asked thePakistani Court to issue Red Warrantagainst Khalid Khan. Red Warrant is anarrest warrant issued to get criminalsarrested through Interpol Police. Kha-lid Khan a small time travel agent whoworked at Asneel travel located at Hill-croft few years ago suddenly surfacedon the top of Pakistani political arenain last few years when he lost DistrictF City Council elections. Khalid Khanhas served Vice president of Pakistaniassociation of greater Houston under Presidency of Ghulam Bombaywalaand he was installed as President with-out any elections. Khalid Khan served
Houston Texas: On Friday 18th February 2011 Faisal Samad younger brother of Farooq Samad(federal felon and recently returned after serving 7 years federal imprisonment) attacked Man-zoor Memon by physical assault and threatened to kill him in retaliation of story written about hisbrother. Manzoor Memon has filed Assault charges and prosecutors are investigating and chargeswill be filed soon. On Friday 25th February 2011 again Faisal Samad threatened Manzoor Memonin front of HPD Police Officer Muzafar Siddiqui whose intervention saved a physical assault onMemon. At this time Farooq Samad also verbally assaulted Memon by cursing him that Memonwould go to hell because of the story written in the newspaper. Manzoor Memon in his commentsstated that Farooq Samad is responsible for major financial frauds and now has the guts to scarehonest people like him. It is strange that after 7 years of prison term Farooq Samad has not beenrehabilited and has no remorse for his illegal actions and has already started a new mortgage com-pany with his daughters working on the front. Keep in mind that Farooq was arrested and sent tojail for major financial frauds and now he is back in business and ready to hit the innocent victims.FBI and other agencies have been notified of his new location at 6666 Harwin Suite 500 fromwhere he has started his activities again. When Asked Manzoor Memon as to why he wrote suchold story he stated that after Farooq’s arrival in town very prominent Memon businessmen held aluncheon in his honor at Royal restaurant as if he has come back after performing Hajj. The biggestproblem we see in our community is that we are still not ready to discourage criminals and givethem the respect therefore there is nodifference between good and bad. Peoplelike Samad and Rafique Loya are stillactive at front row of community activi-ties when they have defrauded their ownpeople for millions of dollars. Similarlythe biggest thug of all who has defraudedIRS and many financial institutions isaccepted as the leader of Pakistani com-munity and every one is scared of him.This is because lack of character in our community members and no respect for honesty and integrity. Recently another Pakistani who has been sentenced to10 months house arrest and 5 years of probation by federal agencies held a bigparty as if he was going for Hajj. Societywill never change for good until we ap-preciate good and condemn evil.During verbal assault by Farooq Samadhe alleged that Manzoor Memon has de-frauded his sister in law and took over aDairy Queen business from her. The truefact is
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Document shown below, shows that Internal Revenue Service has been looking to collect 3.97 Mil-lion Dollars from Pakistani Bankrupt Businessman Ghulam Bombaywala. This is besides 5 milliondollars his bankrupt company owes to IRS. Ghulam Bombaywala has filed personal and corporatebankruptcies and has been successful in hiding all his assets in blind trusts. In a recent documentpublished in IHTB Policy Justice Department Trustees in a motion to the Federal Judge had indi-cated that Ghulam Bombaywala has diverted his assets in various trusts and wanted to file claims torecover millions of dollars he owes to IRS. According to our sources Ghulam Bombaywala is worthmore than 50 million dollars but shows him self bankrupt to avoid paying any taxes. In recent enqui-ry it has been learnt that one of his prime property was confiscated by IRS and the tenant of GhulamBombaywala has been told to pay the rent to IRS with immediate effect. In recent interviews withJustice Department and IRS IHTB Policyrecommended the agencies to file TaxEvasion charges against Bombaywalawho has bypassed the system and avoidpaying taxes to Uncle Sam. Enquiries arepending and some new stories will sur-face soon. It is sad that we were given achance to live in this country and insteadof following the rules and regulationsto keep this country on the top, many of our community members are busy dayand night in stealing from Uncle Sam.Bankruptcy laws are being misused ondaily basis and fraudulent financial deal-ings are on the rise in our community.Unfortunately the sentencing guide linesin such crimes are also very soft whichencourages new thieves to cheat the sys-tem. If strict punishments are given to thepeople who steal from Uncle Sam newcrooks will be discouraged. We urge our community members to live an honestlife and pay your taxes in time and don’tcommit any financial crimes which makeall of us look bad.1.SALEEM SYEDSEX OFFENDER Public Lewdness2. REHMAN MOTONFEDERAL FELON MONEYLAUNDERING3. MOIN PIRZADABANKCRUPACYFRAUD4. NAYER ALAMSoliciting andAttack on MediaPakistani Mafia which was successful in getting IHTBP Radio show off the air from 1230 AM system-atically punished Rehan Siddiqui owner of this station. As Radio Young Tarang was also forced to closefrom Radio 1230 AM, members of Pakistani mafia planned a take over of Radio 1050 with Saleem Syed(Sex Offender arrested twice for Public lewdness) Rehman Moton ( FEDERAL FELON sentenced for MONEY LAUNDERING), Moin Pirzada (Bankruptcy Fraud and pornography) and Nayar Alam (veryclose buddy of Ghulam Bombaywala). This was done to punish Rehan Siddiqui who did not co-oper-ate with them to fulfill their sinister goals. For few weeks Rehan was devastated to see most of hisprogrammers leaving him but God helped him at the same time when he received a out of court settle-ment of more than a million dollars in a law suit. Subsequently he purchase 1480 AM and is running amore powerful station since then. This is how God rewards you if you take the path of righteousness andhonesty. We urge owners of 1050 AM to shut the voice of these criminals who are even soliciting lonelywomen during their shows. In one case a host Moin Pirzada on air invited a lady to come personally tocollect a prize at 11.30 PM at a secluded Radio station. IHTBPolicy condemn such radio stations who aretrying to flirt with our community ladies through radio shows. It has been revealed that many of them aresoliciting ladies through these shows. More details of this story are awaited. For the time being trailer of their activities is evident from the above pictures. If you have any complaints about these radio talk hostsplease send us details. We advice community members to boycott these shows and stop their advertise-ments immediately. Calls to the owners of the Radio Arthur Lou were not returned .Community who hascomplaints against these individuals call 212-966-1059 ask for Arthur Lou or his secretary Terry or mailcomplaints to 449 Broadway NY NY 10013.only two years and opted to bereleased from this position becausehe knew that this warrant was be-ing processed. Local agencies havebeen reviewing his case as to howto process his arrest and extraditehim to Pakistan to face the charges.The details received indicate thatKhalid Khan funneled lot of cashof a local Pakistani bankrupt busi-nessman. This Pakistani bankruptbusinessman has been trying tohide his wealth from agencies likeIRS who are trying to recover morethan 5 million dollars of unpaidtaxes owed to IRS. Khalid Khanowner of a travel agency for keep-ing a business cover traveledfrequently to
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March 01, 2011A2
ISLAMABAD: When powerful men meet to discuss explosive issues,things can change in a big way. And that is precisely what happenedafter a highly secretive and immensely important meeting at the Presi-dency a few days back. The subject, not unexpectedly, being the fate of American killer Raymond Davis and that of Pakistan-US relations. Littledid anyone know at the time that the huddle would instead end up decid-ing the fate of Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi.The meeting, convened by the president was attended by Prime Minis-ter Gilani, Babar Awan, Rehman Malik, Shah Mehmood Qureshi andthe DG ISI Gen Shuja Pasha. The president was given an exhaustiveoverview of the entire situation but quite early in the meeting it be-came evident that two of the men were standing on the wrong side of the prevalent dominant wisdom and desire of somehow finding a wayto retrospectively cough up diplomatic immunity for Davis and to justwish away all the four deaths and the lingering crisis. But since one of the ‘erring’ two dared not be arbitrarily fired, poor Qureshi’s fate stoodsealed. Extreme pressure was exerted in the meeting on the former for-eign minister to renege from his earlier stance and simply tell the courtthat the Foreign Office was in consonance with the American interpre-tation of Davis being a genuine diplomat and enjoying full immunityunder Vienna Convention 1961. Facts be damned. According to highlyreliable sources, interior ministry’s immense resources were also offeredto cause any necessary change of documentation or any exceptionalservice warranted under these exceptional circumstances. An adamantQureshi, who had strongly argued the case that Raymond did not enjoyunlimited diplomatic immunity under law, flatly refused and even saidthat if need be, he’d rather resign than become an accessory to multiplemurder. The meeting ended on a rather unsavory and unexpected note. Itwas a surprising outcome for all the others because Qureshi had alwaysbeen perceived, and even pilloried by the media, as being an Americanlackey and was not expected to dig in his heels over an issue so vital for the US administration.But Qureshi’s latest run in with the Americans did not begin or endinside the Presidency. It had actually begun much earlier on January 28,a day after the deadly Raymond Davis incident in Lahore. He was inKarachi when he first received a call from US Ambassador to Pakistan,Cameron Munter and then had a conversation with US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton. Munter requested him for immediate councillor access to Davis and his immediate handover to US Consulate authori-ties. Qureshi asked Foreign Secretary Salman Bashir to talk to Munter and while authorizing immediate councilor access to Davis made it clear to the foreign secretary that the matter of release would only be decidedby the court as the legal process had already been kicked into motion inPunjab. Then came Hillary’s call. An understandably perturbed Hillarywanted the immediate handover of Davis and insisted that Pakistan wasviolating the Vienna Convention by the illegal incarceration of a “USdiplomat”. Confirming the contents of that conversation to The News,Shah Mehmood said that he had patiently explained to Hillary that whilehe understood her anxiety she too had to understand the highly emo-tive and sensitive nature of the incident. And also that since the judicialprocess had been kick-started in Lahore, the Foreign Office and the UShad little option but to submit to the due process of law. Anyway, thetwo decided to discuss the matter on the sidelines of the then forthcom-ing Munich Security Conference, and the line went silent. Since then,Ambassador Munter and other senior embassy officials remained busywith engaging Pakistani authorities and the Foreign Office, blowing hotor cold, depending upon the level of their own frustration and the pres-sure coming their way from Washington. A few days prior to the MunichConference, Qureshi received a call from Ambassador Munter who saidthat he had been directed to convey the message that unless Qureshisigned the diplomatic immunity paper prior to the conference, the
Manzoor (Manny) A Memon Editor In chief 
It’s Not A Rumor, Americans Did GetQureshi’s Scalp
By Mohammad Malick - Saturday, February 12, 2011
scheduled meeting between him and Hillary would stand cancelled. Themessage was starkly clear a la George Bush: You are either with us or against us. So be it, Qureshi is reported to have told the ambassador andeven cancelled his trip altogether. The chief of the army staff went in-stead to Munich and that is an appointment that even the US secretary of state cannot cancel, Davis or no Davis. Once Qureshi ignored the latestHillary communiqué, the Americans stopped talking to him altogether because it had now become evident that Qureshi was not going to budgeon his stance of Davis not being eligible for full diplomatic immunity.Qureshi was no longer a welcome dinner guest and neither could he beallowed to remain in office. The last thing Washington can afford is hishaving a Pakistani foreign minister with a reawakened conscience. Ac-cording to highly reliable sources, the next claimed scalp may be that of the equally intransigent (from American perspective), Foreign SecretarySalman Bashir who is now the only remaining top level hurdle in theapprehended shameless handover of Davis by a compromised politicalleadership. The foreign secretary is also of the considered firm view thatDavis does not qualify for full immunity. And there are legitimate causesfor this argument, which were further exposed by glaring inconsistenciesin the forever changing US stance on the issue. Owing to the paucity of space, irrefutable arguments proving Davis’ ineligibility are not beingreproduced here and also because a lot has already been written on thelegal aspects of the subject, including the highlighted fact that in the ini-tial reaction by US authorities, Raymond Davis was identified as merelyan “employee” of the US Consulate in Lahore, but never as a diplomat.He was referred to as an employee and not a consulate general official.“It was a simple clerical error” was the incredulous justification offeredby two senior members of the Islamabad embassy in an off-the-recordconversation with the scribe. But it gets even better. A lot is being madeby the Americans and their interlocutors of the January 20, 2010 com-munication of the Islamabad embassy wherein the FO had been askedfor the issuance of a non-diplomatic identity card for Davis. It is beingargued that this communication clearly identifies Raymond Davis as be-ing administrative and technical staff of Islamabad embassy and there-fore automatically eligible for diplomatic immunity. But this is only half the story. Certain discrepancies in 2010 had already caused the ForeignOffice to seek clarifications. In Sept 2009, the US State Department hadoriginally identified him as technical advisor (contractor) going on “of-ficial business” while applying for his visa. Later he was attached to USConsulate Lahore as an employee. So when his name popped up againin January 2010, identifying him as being attached with the US EmbassyIslamabad, the FO wanted answers to some very pertinent questions. Therelevant FO officials repeatedly asked the US embassy to provide the de-tails of Davis’ new responsibilities along with those of his past postings.When weeks had passed with the embassy avoiding a categorical clari-fication on this count, the FO finally sent a formal Note Verbale to theUS embassy on July 8, 2010. It bore ref no: P(1-A)/2009-ID(USA). Thisnote pertained to a total of ten Americans about whom similar detailswere being sought from the embassy but no response had been forth-coming from the US end. Davis was listed as Note No:252/HR. WhenFO authorities were asked about the presence of 2009 in the referencenumber of the note verbale otherwise sent on July 8, 2010, they clarifiedthat it was perfectly in accordance with their internal filing sequenceand did not reflect any anomaly. Unable to cover this critical gap in their argument to secure Davis’ release on the afterthought alibi of diplomaticimmunity, the US embassy has adopted the rather incredulous argumentof denying outright the existence of this critical correspondence. The FOhas been told at the highest level that the US embassy never receivedthis Note Verbale. The two senior functionaries stuck to the denial man-tra when asked by The News about the embassy’s refusal to divulge thereal assignments and other details of Davis and nine others. They insist-ed that all the embassy records had been thoroughly checked but therewas no evidence of the cited note verbale ever being received. Whenthey were told that the July 8 note was present in FO records and itsexistence and its having been sent to US embassy was recorded in morethan one place and constituted a process that could not be tampered withwithin hours of an event taking place, the duo took the reference number of the ‘missing note’ to ostensibly try locating it from their records. Thisraises an interesting question: if they still needed the reference number atthis stage, then how did they even check their records earlier? Can youname a single other incidence where prior to this particular note verbaleor since, any note verbale sent by FO to the US embassy has ever gonemissing? the two functionaries were asked. Not surprisingly, the duocould not cite a single such incidence. Interesting coincidence one mustsay, where the entire US administration makes critical clerical errorswhich only expose Davis as being a non-diplomat. Another interestingcoincidence again, when only one specific official communication out of hundreds of similar exchanges goes missing, and which once again stoodto expose Raymond Davis for being anything but a legitimate diplomaton a legitimate diplomatic assignment.
MQM Should Start
Revolution from Karachi
K. Ashraf Does Altaf Hussain really believe in revolution or is hejust using the slogan of revolution as a political rhetoric?We doubt MQM lead by Altaf Hussain know the rudi-ments of revolution or has the ability to launch revolutionin Pakistan. We think he is just another demagogue usingthe rhetoric of revolution as a political ploy. Were he arevolutionary he would have launched revolution in Ka-rachi long time ago. He had all the opportunities, such asthe street power, the political power, the guns, the power to collect taxes from businesses and individuals. He never used these advantages to launch the revolution in Kara-chi. Karachi is an ideal city to launch the revolution. It isindustrial hub of Pakistan. It has enough of labor force tostart, implement, and strengthen the revolution. Karachican be a model revolutionary city for Pakistan. Under General Musharaf the MQM had controlled Sindh. Par-ticularly, Karachi was under absolute control of MQM.The model of a parallel system was also under practice inSarhad by MMA. If General Musharaf allowed MMA toestablish so called Islamic System in Sarhad why MQMdid not follow the model and established a revolution-ary government in Sindh or at least in Karachi? Okay,this opportunity was lost. MQM did not think about therevolution at that time. What is holding MQM now fromlaunching the revolution in Karachi? Altaf Hussain is inthe best position to take over all the factories, houses,businesses and hang all the cruel capitalists on the lampposts of Karachi and start the revolution. If Altaf Hussaindoes not want to follow the example of MMA, Pakistanhas two countries in its neighborhood that have twosystems at a time: India and China. India has a Marx-ist government in West Bengal. It is working fine withinIndian political system. Socialist China has a capitalistHong Kong within its socialist set-up. It is also perform-ing real well. MQM should show its sincerity and com-mitment to revolution and launch it in Karachi. We knowthe industrial centers with large labor force are the idealand conducive locations for it. A successful revolution inKarachi will be good starting point for launching revolu-tion elsewhere in Pakistan. Once revolution takes placein Karachi, the rest of the people of Pakistan will followthe experiment and we are sure many revolutionaries inrest of the country will join hands with MQM and startthe revolution in the country. Go for it Mr. Altaf Hussain.Make the Karachi the starting point for revolution. We areanxiously waiting for it.
Muslim Charity Squandered Money For Poor 
Dale Brazao - Jesse McLean Staff Reporter Mohammad Ashraf, long-time leader of the IslamicSociety of North America Canada, is at the centre of acontroversy involving mismanaged charity donationsand free perks for family members. Devout Muslimsdonated hundreds of thousands of dollars to one of Canada’s largest Islamic organizations on the promisethat the cash would be used to help the poor. But onlyone in four dollars donated to a special pool of moneyat the Islamic Society of North America Canada (ISNACanada) actually reached the needy. Mismanagement of more than $600,000 is among the findings in a scathingaudit obtained by the Star. A “very small portion . . . isdistributed to the poor and needy and the major portionis spent on the administration of the centre,” concludedthe 2010 audit of the previous four years. ISNA Canadais embroiled in controversy, with the audit revealing the practice of giving free perks to family members of a top official; the improper issuing of charitable tax receipts; and the diversion of charity moneyto private businesses. At the centre of it all is long-time secretarygeneral Mohammad Ashraf, who has recently announced he is step-ping down. Ashraf would not answer a series of questions from theStar. “Don’t ask me anything,” Ashraf told a reporter who visited theorganization’s Mississauga headquarters, marked by a graceful mina-ret overlooking the Queen Elizabeth Way. The 73-year-old microbi-ologist said he is “being transitioned into retirement” and that he is“restricted” from commenting on the audit. ISNA Canada’s electedpresident, Mohamed Bekkari, told the Star in an interview Wednesdaythat his organization will toughen financial protocols as a result of theaudit. All financial authority has been removed from Ashraf, he said.Bekkari called the findings of the audit, by chartered accountant Fa-reed Sheik, “unsettling” and a new audit will be ordered that will digdeeper. The first audit warns that ISNA would risk losing charity sta-tus if things are not done differently. For more than 30 years, Ashraf has been the leader of ISNA, a national organization that is also thehub for Mississauga’s Muslim community. It houses the city’s mostvisible mosque and provides a variety of services, including a Muslimhigh school and a halal meat certification agency. ISNA Canada drawsin close to $1 million in charity donations a year. The audit lookedclosely at one portion of those donations, an obligatory alms givingcalled Zakat and Fitrah meant to aid the needy. The audit found that of about $810,777 collected over four years, only $196,460 went to aidthe poor. After prayer, Zakat is considered by some Muslims to be themost important pillar of the Islamic faith. It requires Muslims to givea minimum of 2.5 per cent of their 
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March 01, 2011A3
(o M
.” [Q
The Prophet is Born At a chaotic period in history when the murky clouds of impropriety covered thefirmament of the world; when injustice, tumult and turmoil was rampant; when human dignity was atits lowest ebb, when young girls were entombed alive for being female, when the crevice between theexploiter and exploited was incessantly mounting; when corruption, lascivious modes of behavior,moral degeneration were increasing; when superstition, racial discrimination and oppression was theorder of the day … at that time, a Prophet was born; descending from the dynasty of Abraham theidol-breaker, Moses the pharaoh-fighter, and Jesus the benevolent (peace be upon them). “Four yearsafter the death of (Roman emperor) Justinian, in 569 A.D., was born at Makkah in Arabia , the manwho of all men, exercised the greatest influence upon the human race, Muhammad” [Anglo-Ameri-can historian and philosopher, Dr John William Draper, A History of the Intellectual Development of Europe ] Sunnah of Compassion Allah refers to this greatest influence upon the human race (pbuh) as“a mercy unto all existence” and as an “ideal exemplar”. These appellations were not mere titles givento the Prophet, but were rather apt descriptions of his character and attitude. Some scholars havetherefore gone as far as to declare mercy as the central ethos of Islam. Those among us who claim towalk in his footsteps need to ensure that we reflect that mercy in our own lives. An integral part of our manifesting his sunnah (practices and mannerisms) is that we give priority to those aspects of socialengagement that he himself most concerned himself with. Each one should ask whether the poor, theneedy, the orphan and the oppressed are areas of our concern. How much of our religiosity is informedand shaped by Prophetic statements like … - “One who strives to help the widows and the poor is likethe one who fights in the way of Allah. I shall regard him as the one who stands up (for prayer) with-out rest and as the one who observes fasts continuously.[Al-Bukhari and Muslim] - “He who takescare of an orphan, whether he is his relative or a stranger, will be in paradise with me like thesetwo”. The Messenger of Allah raised his forefinger and middle finger together by way of illustration.[Muslim] Do we ever include in our prayers Prophetic sentiments like “O Allah, let me live amongthe poor, die among the poor and be raised on the Day of Judgment among the poor”? It must be notedthat this is not a prayer for poverty, rather an expression of the desire to be connected to those lessfortunate and downtrodden. The most pervasive sunnah of the Prophet has always been one of com-passion and benevolence. Ideal Exemplar This best role model for all humanity had outstanding vir-tues and characteristics, he was an extraordinary husband, a perfect father, and a unique grandfather, agreat statesman, judge, and spiritual leader. His most distinctive quality, however, was the fact that hewas a blessing to all in both word and deed. He infused justice, love, and dignity in all those aroundhim. In the words of the Hindu scholar and historian, Professor Ramakrishna Rao, “The personalityof Muhammad is most difficult to get the whole truth of it. Only a glimpse of him I can catch. Whatdramatic succession of picturesque scenes? There is Muhammad the Prophet; there is Muhammadthe General; Muhammad the King; Muhammad the Warrior; Muhammad the Businessman; Muham-mad the Preacher; Muhammad the Philosopher; Muhammad the Statesman; Muhammad the Orator;Muhammad the Reformer; Muhammad the Refuge of Orphans; Muhammad the Protector of Slaves;Muhammad the Emancipator of Women; Muhammad the Judge; Muhammad the Saint… In all thesemagnificent roles and in all these departments of human activities he is equally a hero.” [Professor Ramakrishna Rao, Mohammed: The Prophet of Islam] Perpetuate the Legacy When we consider our situation today; over fourteen hundred years after the exemplary mission of the Final Messenger, werealize that we are more than ever in need of such inspiration and motivation. We are indeed more inneed of such a role model who represents the best legacy of our human heritage; a heritage of care andcompassion; and whose life message was an embodiment of the universal values that we all can share.
Pakistan cricket is very unpredictable.
By Syed Ali Anwer 
The writer is a former journalist of a leading English daily and cur-rently Editor of the TCP.Corruption is a way of life in Pakistan, an accepted norm which iswidely practiced in government departments such as Police, Exciseand Customs and various other government agencies for as long asone cares to remember. However, over the years it has seeped intoother areas also where previously it was not conceivable that it couldpossibly happen. Cricket in Pakistan is almost a religion where de-vout fans go into a virtual frenzy whenever the national team comesout to play and cheer their team on frantically because for manyPakistanis cricket offers a sense of joy, a feeling of pride as it is theultimate opiate which helps in escaping temporarily from a worldof daily grind and drudgery, from the violence and crime pervadingthe nation. Fans virtually idolize their cricketing heroes from boththe past as well as the present where names like Imran Khan, Wa-sim Akram and Javed Miandad are known to every Pakistani whileShahid Afridi, Younis Khan, Mishbal-ul-Haq and Shoaib Akhtar aretheir present day heroes. It has therefore come as a stunning shock which the nation is still reeling under when it came to light that threeof the current cricket heroes namely Salman Butt, Mohammad Asif and the new wonder kid Mohammad Amir were found guilty of spotfixing by the International Cricket Council (ICC) and slapped witha ten-year, seven-year and five year ban respectively. The decisionhas sent ripples of shock waves in cricketing circles throughout theworld where reaction has been varied from shock, disbelief humilia-tion condemnation and sympathy. To add fuel to the simmering firethe trio has also been implicated in a Crowm Prosecution Servicescase in London which has instituted criminal charges against thethree and the major provocateur Mazhar Majeed who enticed thethree into spot-fixing. There are some who opine that the ban was abit too harsh particularly in the case of Mohammad Amir who is only18 years while others called for a life ban on the players for sullyingthe nation and Pakistan cricket. What makes it more difficult for thenation to accept is that the ban has come at a time when the nationdesperately needs the services and talent of the trio as s cricket’sgreatest extravaganza the World Cup 2011 starts in hardly two weeksPakistan has a large number of problems, the problem of unemploy-ment stands out as a significant one with the increase in the popula-tion, and the problem is assuming serious proportions. We find alarge number of people in Pakistan, floating here and there in searchof the jobs. Due to unavailability of proper career guidance, Paki-stani youth and our Memon community youth also faces tremendousdifficulties once they complete their graduations. Definite statisticsare not available on the subject, but statistics are badly required toprove what is obvious to every one. The fact of unemployment issomewhat hidden by the joint family system where every one issupported out of a common pool of income, and the religious in-stitutions which support a vast majority of people. We have threemain types of unemployment, namely agricultural unemployment,industrial unemployment, and unemployment amongst the unedu-cated people. The causes of unemployment in agriculture are nu-merous. Firstly, the pressure of population on land is increasing andthe farm can no longer employ and absorb the increased numbers.Secondly, the lack of subsidiary industries in the villages, adds to theunemployment. Thirdly, the agricultural operations keep the farmer busy only for a part of the year and for the rest of the months he isunemployed. This fact is referred to as under-employment, in our agriculture. Lastly, the uncertainty and vagaries of Pakistani Mon-soons render the agriculturist unemployed whenever the crops fail.That is why the Pakistani agriculture is said to be a gamble of theMonsoon. Due to all the above reason, the state of unemploymentin agriculture is growing worse every day. As far as the causes of industrial unemployment are concerned, firstly our industrial systemis unable to absorb the growing population, because the industrialdevelopment is not commensurate either with the vast resources of the country or with the growth of its population. Secondly, the loca-tion of industries is defective and uneconomic. There is overcrowd-ing in certain areas which results in the rise of cost of production.If the geographic distribution of the industries had been rationallyplanned, the industrial structure would have been more economicaland its capacity for employment would have increased tremendously.Thirdly, the periodic occurrence of depressions in the industry bringsabout unemployment. Fourthly, the export industries have not beenable to maintain their hold on foreign markets. Thus there has been adecrease in employment in the export industries which is transmittedto other industrial sectors. The remedy for industrial unemploymentlies in stepping up industrial efficiency. Also the scope for the de-veloping various industries is immense. Agriculture is already over crowded and so are the liberal professions. Thus industry is the onlyhope for rooting out unemployment from the country. To achievethis, a complete overhauling, re-orientation and rationalization our industrial system is needed. Unemployment is increasing in Sindh:Unemployment in rural areas as well in Urban is the most daunt-
Unemployment IN PAKISTAN And It’s Remedy
By Shoaib Habib Memon
ing challenge being faced by the new Sindh government. The ruralareas are fast losing their agriculture-based employment potentialdue to persistent shortage of water and land degradation. Almost14 million people in rural Sindh directly depend on agriculture astheir major source of livelihood. However, this source of livelihoodand employment is under severe pressure due to variety of reasons.Drought, faulty water distribution mechanism, poor management of water resources, land degradation, lack of research and inept mar-ket policies are the few among the long list of reasons taking toll of agriculture economy.The situation can be gauged from the following table showing thedecline in area under cultivation. The table show the decline in areasown under important crops from 1995-96 to 2004-05 Decliningproduce has a direct bearing on rural poverty and employment. AWorld Bank report, “Securing Sindh’s Future-The Prospects andChallenges Ahead” paints a very grim picture of unemployment inSindh. It reveals that due to growing population, rise in literacy andmigration, and nearly 600,000 additional people would be enteringin job market each year in Sindh. This is in contrast with the long-term annual job creation rate of 350,000 in the province. Over therecent decade, Sindh has been frequently denied its due share in wa-ter distribution. Growers have been complaining that water shortagein canals and distributaries of Sindh has become a perennial prob-lem. The new government would have to tackle this issue througheffective representation in IRSA and Wapda . Only judicious shareand efficient use of water can improve agriculture-related employ-ment in rural Sindh. However, climate change effect is likely to in-crease in the coming years and availability of water in river systemwould continue to be a question mark. To manage this risk, there isa need to diversify employment opportunities both in rural as wellas urban areas of the province. The Sindh government needs toexplore non-conventional avenues to create employment opportuni-ties apart from revitalizing its agriculture sector. Agro-based indus-try could provide some relief but incentives are required to attractinvestment in rural areas. Poor law and order conditions and weak infrastructure has also been a barrier to growth of agro-based indus-try. The industry in Sindh is mainly concentrated in Karachi excepthandful of units in Hyderabad, Kotri and Sukkur. Presently, about11,500 small and large industrial units are located in four major industrial areas of Karachi, providing employment to over 2.5 mil-lion people. Since rural Sindh has predominantly agriculture basedeconomy, human resource required for industrial sector has not beendeveloped there. No significant investment was made in infrastruc-ture required for promoting rural industry. Due to lack of demandand poor administration, institutes of vocational training and jobskills are also in bad shape in rural areas. Presently, 45 polytechnicand mono-technical institutes are operating in Sindh having about18,000 registered students. However only 8,000 of them studiedin institutions located outside Karachi. Likewise, the Directorateof Manpower and Training is operating about 33 training centersincluding technical, apprenticeship and youth vocational trainingcenters. Most of such centers in rural areas are dysfunctional dueto various reasons. Proper training through revamped institutionscould open doors of urban- based employment for rural youth.Quality education institutes in the rural areas also deserve atten-tion for creating human resource with advanced degrees. Publicsector universities in rural Sindh are victims of lack of resources,quality faculty and infrastructure. Graduates from these univer-sities cannot compete with graduates from urban-based privatesector institutions. This is resulting in frustration among qualifiedrural youth. Quality education institutions are mostly centered inKarachi, which are too expensive for lower and middle class fami-lies of rural areas. Presently, there are 25 HEC recognized degreeawarding private sector institutes in Sindh; 23 of them are locatedin Karachi and remaining two in Hyderabad. From 2001/02 to2005/06 these institutions produced over 36,000 graduates, allfrom Karachi except 900 from Hyderabad. Information technol-ogy is a promising sector offering wide spectrum of jobs nation-ally and internationally. However, rural areas are deprived fromany significant benefit from this sector. According to a researchreport of Pakistan Software Export Board (PSEB), this sector isproviding jobs to about 138,000 employees and the number of jobopportunities is expected to be around 235,000 in 2009-10. Ruralareas are far from the scene. PESB website shows 1,161 registeredIT companies in the country. This includes 412 in Karachi, 331 inIslamabad, 418 in Lahore and remaining in other cities/towns. InSindh, some 25 institutions offer degree courses in IT sector; 23 of which are in Karachi alone and one each in Hyderabad and TandoAllahyar. Due to such gap of access to IT education, rural youthhave very limited opportunities to benefit from this fast growingjob market. It is time that quality education centers in IT should beestablished in all district headquarters to create more job opportu-nities for educated youth from rural areas. The Sindh governmentshould devise a comprehensive strategy to tackle the challenge of unemployment specially in rural areas. It would be advisable setup a ‘human resource development and employment authority’to execute long-term strategies for creating job opportunities for rural and urban youth to reach out to national and international jobmarkets.To create a socio-economic balance in urban and urban areas,there is a dire need to provide basic educational training facilitiesand employment opportunities across the province.time in South Asia. So the question arises is this the beginningof the end of Pakistan Cricket as we see it. TCP, spoke to a crosssection of society to sum up their opinion from sports journalists,experts and just common people who have one thing in common,a passionate and undying love for the game of cricket. Speak-ing to TCP, Rishad Mahmood, the Sports Editor of Daily Dawn,Pakistan’s leading English daily expressed his views that theban was aptly expected as more or less it was predicted that theban would be as specified. Asked if this was the end of the trio’scareers, he stated that it would be difficult for Salman and Asif tomake a comeback while Amir had a chance because of his youngage but that too if younger and greater talent was not discov-ered in the five years. About what the role the PCB should playto avoid recurrence of such ugly incidents, Rishad pointed outthat PCB should establish a code of conduct and ethics wherebyplayers are not allowed under any circumstances to associate or fraternize with outside elements whatsoever especially on foreigntours. Another prominent cricket analyst and broadcaster who

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