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Table Of Contents

1.1 PROJECT SITE
1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
1.3 PROBLEM DEFINITION
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
1.5 SCOPE OF STUDY
1.6 RESEARCH LIMITATIONS
2.0 HISTORY OF DAMS
2.1.1 EMBANKMENT DAMS:
2.1.2 CONCRETE DAMS:
2.1.3 TIMBER AND STEEL DAMS:
2.2 EARTHFILL DAMS
2.3 DAMS IN NIGERIA
2.4 FAILURES OF DAMS
2.5.1 TIGA DAM: This dam is located in Kano State along the Kano
2.5.2 BAGAUDA DAM: It is a 22m high embankment dam located in
2.5.3 OJIRAMI DAM: The dam was located in Igarra in Edo State. It
2.5.4 GUSAU DAM: This is located in Zamfara State and was used for
2.5.5 ZOBE DAM: This dam is located in the Kaduna River in Kaduna
2.6.1 GROUND MOVEMENTS / EARTH MOVEMENT
2.6.2 FOUNDATION SETTLEMENT
2.7.1 ELASTIC DEFORMATION:
2.7.2 PLASTIC DEFORMATION:
2.7.3 VISCOUS DEFORMATION AND CREEP:
2.8 DEFORMATION MONITORING
2.9.1 GEODETIC METHODS:
2.9.2 GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING METHOD:
2.9.3 STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING METHOD:
2.9.4 FIBRE OPTICS METHOD:
2.10 CONTROL NETWORK
2.11.1 TYPES OF SURVEY ERRORS:
2.11.2 ADJUSTMENT
2.12.1 DEFORMATION WORKS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF BENIN
3.0 GLOBAL NAVIGATION SATELLITE SYSTEMS (GNSS)
3.1 GALILEO
3.2 GLONASS
3.3.1 GPS SIGNALS AND BASIC OPERATION PRINCIPLES
3.4 THE GPS RECEIVER
3.5 GP T RMINOLOGY
3.6 DIFFERENTIAL GPS
3.7.1 SURVEYING REQUIREMENT
3.7.2 SURVEYING PROCEDURES
3.7.3 DATA PROCESSING PROCEDURES
3.8 SOURCES OF GPS SIGNAL ERRORS
3.9 GPS NETWORK PLANNING
3.10 ADJUSTMENT OF A NETWORK
4.0 RECONNAISSANCE
4.1.3 EQUIPMENT
4.1.4 METHODOLOGY
4.2 REDUCTION OF OBSERVATION
4.3 MEASREMENT OF PSEUDORANGE (CODE)
4.4 CARRIER PHASE EQUATIONS
4.5.1 METHOD OF OBSERVATION EQUATIONS
4.5.2 METHOD OF CONDITION EQUATIONS
4.6.1 OBSERVATION EQUATIONS
4.6.2 PROCEDURE
4.7.1 MATHEMATICAL MODEL
4.7.2 STOCHASTIC MODEL
4.7.3 FORMULAE
4.8 PRECISION, ACCURACY AND ERROR ANALYSIS
4.9 COMPUTATION OF STANDARD ERRORS
4.10 RESULTS
4.11 ANALYSIS OF RESULTS
4.12 TRANSFORMATION OF COORDINATES
5.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 CONCLUSION
5.2 RECOMMENDATIONS
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Published by mikey2011

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Published by: mikey2011 on Mar 16, 2011
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