Slums can form in several ways:
Classically, slums have emerged in existing neighbourhoods which fall uponhard times
. A slum forms as homes are slowly subdivided into cramped tenement apartments, and the population becomes highly concentrated
. Atthe same time, access to services like healthcare, fresh food, and basicsanitation may start to become restricted, creating filth and squalor.
A slum can also arise from nowhere, as is the case with many of theshantytowns found in developing nations. These slums sometimes seem toemerge overnight, compacting humanity into filthy, densely packed areaswith poorly constructed and often dangerous homes.
In campaigns againstslums, many cities have forcibly evicted people from these shantytowns,creating a ripple effect as forcibly displaced people attempt to relocate tonew regions.Most of the people who live in slums are extremely poor, and many are treatedas second class citizens by their society. Health problems tend to be veryhigh, as a result of improper sanitation and lack of access to basic healthcare. Malnutrition is another serious problem in many slums, as is crime,which can make a slum very dangerous for its inhabitants.