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Table Of Contents

1.4.5. Economic criteria
1.4.6. Grid of the analysis of the choice
1.4.7. Technical assistance for users of measuring instruments
1.5. The traceability of the measurements
1.5.1. The necessity of traceability of the measurements
1.5.2. Calibration requirements
1.5.3. The selection of standards
1.6. Conclusion
Organization of Metrology: Industrial, Scientific, Legal
2.1. A metrological organization: why?
2.2. Metrology: how?
2.3. Scientific and technical metrology
2.3.1. The BIPM
2.3.2. Results of the international activities
2.3.3. Regional organizations EUROMET
2.3.4. Organization at the national level
2.4. Legal metrology1
2.4.1. Scope of legal metrology
2.4.2. The International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML)
2.4.3. The European level WELMEC
2.4.4. At national level
3.1. What to do at the beginning?
3.3. The measurement processes
3.3.1. Conception and development of a new measurement process
3.3.2. Exploitation of a valid process
3.3.3. Continuous improvement of measurement processes
3.4.2. Receiving the measuring equipment and putting it into service
3.4.3. Calibration and verification operations
3.4.4. Fitness for use of measuring equipment
3.7. Bibliography
4.1. Acquaintance with the bank
4.1.1. Inventory
4.1.2. Identification
4.2. Metrological policy of the firm
4.2.1. Objective and commitment of the firm’s management
4.2.2. Plan of actions to launch
4.2.3. Awareness, training and vocabulary
4.2.4. Selection of the material to be followed periodically
4.3. Drafting of the documents
4.3.1. Codification of the documents
4.3.2. Work instructions
4.3.3. Result-recording documents
4.3.4. Other documents
4.4. Physical handling of the measuring instruments
4.4.1. Receipt
4.4.2. Transfer Traceability Transfer Precautions
4.4.3. Storing and environment
4.4.4. Maintenance
4.5. Follow-up of the measuring instruments over time
4.5.1. Periodicity of the follow-up
4.5.2. Campaign of recall
4.5.3. Follow-up of the results
4.6. Software for the handling of the means of measurements
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Definitions
5.2.1. Traceability
5.2.2. Calibration
5.2.3. Verification
5.3. Traceability chains
5.4. Traceability
5.5. Calibration
5.5.1. Calibration in an accredited laboratory
5.5.2. Calibration in a non-accredited laboratory
5.6. Verification
5.7. Use of calibration and verification results
5.7.1. Use of the results of a calibration
5.7.2. Use of the results of a verification
5.8. Particular cases
5.8.1. “Self-calibrating” or “self-gauging” measuring instruments
5.9.1. Traceabilty in metrology in chemistry
5.9.2. Influence of the principle of the method
5.9.3. “Documentary” traceability
5.9.4. Control of the reference materials
5.9.5. Conclusion
5.10. Assessment of traceability
5.11. Bibliography
6.1. Normative requirements
6.2. Methods for monitoring the instruments in use – general criteria
6.2.1. First method: metrological redundancies
6.2.2. Second method: checking the coherence of the results Control charts
6.3. The determination of the calibration intervals
6.4. Bibliography
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Measurement of physical quantity
7.3. Analysis of the measurement process
7.3.1. The cause and effect diagram method
7.3.2. Using the list published in the GUM (section 3.3.2)
7.3.3. Errors
7.3.4. Cutting down errors
7.4. Modeling of the measurement process
7.4.1. Measurement procedure and model of the measurement process
7.5. Assessment of the uncertainty of the input quantities
7.5.1. Type A methods
7.5.2. Type B methods
7.5.3. Comparing the Type A and Type B methods
7.6. Calculating the combined uncertainty on the result
7.6.1. Situation when all the input quantities are independent Situation when the model is a product
7.6.2. Situation when the input quantities are dependent
7.7.1. Intra- or interlaboratory approaches
7.7.2. Intra-laboratory approach
7.9. Example
7.10. Bibliography
8.1. The premises
8.2.2. Staff involved in the metrology function
8.2.3. The qualification of the personnel
8.3. The documentation
8.3.1. Filing of the documents
8.3.2. Management of the documents
8.4. Bibliography
9.1.3. Field of measurement
9.1.4. Four types of uses of measuring instruments
9.1.5. Influencing quantities
9.2. Choice of a measuring principle
9.2.1. Differential measurement
9.2.2. Direct measurement
9.2.3. Indirect measurement
9.3. Practicing in metrology
9.3.1. Implementing the instruments
9.3.2. Precautions before measuring
9.3.3. Measurements
9.3.4. Variations and their sign
9.3.5. The time factor
9.4. Expression of the results
9.4.1. Graphs
9.4.2. Histograms
9.5. What qualities does a metrologist require?
9.5.1. Be inquisitive
9.5.2. Be tidy and methodical
9.5.3. Be open to doubt
9.5.4. Be observant
9.5.5. Be honest
10.1. Presentation of the company
10.2. Organization of the metrology sector
10.2.1. Creation
10.2.2. Missions
10.2.3. Organization
10.2.4. Geographic localization of the activities
10.2.5. Composition of the bank of measuring equipment
10.3. Metrology
10.3.1. Identification
10.3.2. Connection of the standards
10.3.3. Periodicity of the calibrations
10.3.4. Calibration operations
10.3.5. Documentation of the calibration results
10.3.6. Verdict of the metrological confirmation
10.3.7. Indication of the state of the calibrations
10.3.8. Personnel and subcontracting
11.1. Introduction
11.2. Introduction to the evolution of the standard
11.2.1. The concept of continuous improvement
11.2.2. The process approach
11.3. Measurement control process
11.4. The ISO 9001 (2000) standard step-by-step
11.5. Conclusion
12.1. The metrology function in a firm’s strategy
12.2. Metrology profession
12.2.1. Metrological engineer
12.2.2. Metrological technician
12.2.3. Metrological operator
12.3. Initial training
12.3.1. Schools for engineers
12.3.2. Courses for higher level technicians
12.3.3. Vocational high schools
12.4. Continuing education
12.5. Long-lasting training courses
12.6. The teaching of metrology in secondary schools
12.7. Prospects for the development of long-lasting training courses
12.8. Bibliography
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Metrology in Industry -1905209517

Metrology in Industry -1905209517

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Published by Kyaw Lin L

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Published by: Kyaw Lin L on Mar 16, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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