Gen Ed 229210/5/2007
Week 5 – 5 October 2007
1.Pre-cold war relations/ Reviewa.USSR established in 1922 during WWI b.WWII Alliesc.War of ideologiesi.Democracy vs. Communism (DISCUSSION?)ii.Nuclear bomb
a.Try to contain Communism’s spread b.Official policy of the US after WWII (Truman Doctrine)i.America believed that the USSR would not accept peaceful coexistence with the US, andwould try to expand its influence through Communist revolution world wide.c.Involvement in several “hot” wars and areas in the worldi.West Germany vs. East Germany (German Democratic Republic)1.US took a different tack than in Versailles. Rebuild W. Germany2.Berlin Wallii.Greek Civil War 1.Sent money. $400 millioniii.Korean War 1.US committed troops to drive back N. Koreaiv.Vietnam War 1.Bloody. Only war that America has lost.d.Truman played on American fears of Communisim
a.Senator Joseph R. McCarthy: Republican from Wisconsin. Claimed he had a list of 205 knowncommunists. Unsupported statements. b.Many Americans accused of being Communists. Investigations from government and privatesectors (questions in front of panels). Witch hunt – Salem witch trials.i.Government agencies, entertainment industry.ii.Many lost their jobs, imprisonment.c.McCarthy played on American fears as well.4.Eisenhower a.Change of policy. “New Look” for Containment. Nuclear Weapons
i.Nuclear deterrence. Massive Retaliation
5.JFK. Cuban Missile Crisisa.16 October 28, 1962. US discovered Soviet missile installations in Cuba, just 90 miles from theUS. You can swim from Cuba to Florida.i.12 days of negotiations and fears of attack.ii.USSR agreed to dismantle weapons in Cuba. US removed weapons from Turkeyiii.Closest that cold nearly became hot b.Space racei.Competitionii.But also fears that USSR may have greater weapons capabilities.iii.Sputnik launched 4 October 2007. USSR satellite.6.Nixona.
. Tensions ease. b.Feb 1972, Nixon travels to Beijing to meet with Mao. Rapprochement (re-establishment of harmonious relations).7.Reagan