Death due to violent injury is one of the largest and oftenunacknowledged health disparities.In 2004 more than 5,000 youth ages15 to 24 were victims of homicide,making it the leading cause of deathfor African-American males in theUnited States.750,000 people ages 10 to 24,throughout the U.S., were admittedto emergency departments andtrauma facilities with violence-relatedinjuries in 2004. Subsequently 44%were readmitted due to another assault and 22% died after firstadmission. Healthcare professionalsin emergency departments andtrauma centers play a critical role inpreventing violent reinjury andincidence of retaliatory violence.This curriculum was developed by ateam of trauma surgeons,emergency physicians, nurses, socialservice agencies, violence injuryprevention research centers, and inconjunction with former victims of violence.This manual serves as anintroduction to youth violence for healthcare professionals working intrauma centers. It identifies methodsto reduce the likelihood of youthspresenting with violence relatedinjuries from suffering future injuries,or engaging in retaliatory violenceupon discharge.This curriculum represents thecollective efforts of the manyindividuals listed below. Wewelcome your comments andsuggestions and hope this trainingguide gives healthcare professionalsideas and resources that can helpmove beyond the common "treat em’and street em’" approach to ganginvolved youth and others thatpresent with violence-related injuries.
Rebecca Cunningham, MDInjury Research Center Department of Emergency Medicine,Flint Youth Violence Prevention Center University of Michigan Medical Center,Ann Arbor, MILyndee Knox, PhDDepartment of Family Medicine,Keck School of Medicine,University of Southern California YouthViolence Prevention Center Los Angeles, CA, USAMarla Becker, MPHYouth Alive non-profit public health agency,Oakland, CADeanne Calhoun, MAYouth Alive non-profit public health agency,Oakland, CARochelle Dicker, MDDepartment of Surgery,University of California and San Francisco