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4g Technology

4g Technology

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Published by Krishna Kishor
Seminar report and PPT
Seminar report and PPT

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Krishna Kishor on Mar 17, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/25/2011

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1
Seminar on
4G: THE MAGIC TECHNOLOGY
By:- Krishna Kishor K 
 
princeofperla.blogspot.com(visit for ppt)
 
2
 
ABSTRACT:-
 
The approaching 4G (fourthgeneration) mobile communicationsystems are projected to solve still-remaining problems of 3G (thirdgeneration) systems and to provide a widevariety of new services, from high-qualityvoice to high-definition video to high-data-rate wireless channels. The term 4Gis used broadly to include several types of broadband wireless accesscommunication systems, not only cellulartelephone systems. One of the terms usedto describe 4G is
MAGIC
M
obilemultimedia,
A
nytime anywhere,
G
lobalmobility support,
I
ntegrated wirelesssolution, and
C
ustomized personalservice. As a promise for the future, 4Gsystems, that is, cellular broadbandwireless access systems have beenattracting much interest in the mobilecommunication arena. The 4G systemsnot only will support the next generationof mobile service, but also will support thefixed wireless networks. This paperpresents an overall vision of the 4Gfeatures, framework, and integration of mobile communication. The features of 4G systems might be summarized withone word
integration. The 4G systemsare about seamlessly integratingterminals, networks, and applications tosatisfy increasing user demands. Thecontinuous expansion of mobilecommunication and wireless networksshows evidence of exceptional growth inthe areas of mobile subscriber, wirelessnetwork access, mobile services, andapplications.
IN
TRODUCT
I
O
N
:-
P
ick up any newspaper today andit is a safe bet that you will find an articlesomewhere relating to mobilecommunications. If it is not in thetechnology section it will almost certainlybe in the business section and relate tothe increasing share prices of operators orequipment manufacturers, or acquisitionsand take-overs thereof. Such is thepervasiveness of mobile communicationsthat it is affecting virtually everyones lifeand has become a major political topicand a significant contributor to nationalgross domestic product (GD
P
).Wireless mobile-communications systemsare uniquely identified by "generation"designations. Introduced in the early1980s, first-generation (1G) systems weremarked by analog-frequency modulationand used primarily for voicecommunications. Second - generation(
2
G) wireless-communications systems,which made their appearance in the late1980s, were also used mainly for voicetransmission and reception The wirelesssystem in widespread use today goes bythe name of 
2
.5G
an "in-between"service that serves as a stepping stone to3G. Whereby
2
G communications isgenerally associated with Global Systemfor Mobile (GSM) service,
2
.5G is usuallyidentified as being "fueled" by General
P
acket Radio Services (G
P
RS) along withGSM.In 3G systems, making their appearance inlate
2
00
2
and in
2
003, are designed forvoice and paging services, as well as
 
3
interactive-media use such asteleconferencing, Internet access, andother services. The problem with 3Gwireless systems is bandwidth
thesesystems provide only WAN coverageranging from 144 kbps (for vehiclemobility applications) to
2
Mbps (forindoor static applications). Segue to 4G,the "next dimension" of wirelesscommunication. The 4g wireless usesOrthogonal Frequency DivisionMultiplexing (OFDM), Ultra Wide RadioBand (UWB), and Millimeter wireless andsmart antenna. Data rate of 
2
0mbps isemployed. Mobile speed will be up to
2
00km/hr.Frequency band is
2
-8 GHz. itgives the ability for world wide roaming toaccess cell anywhere.
DEF
INI
T
I
O
N
:-
4G is the short term for fourth-generation wireless, the stage of broadband mobile communications that will supersede the third generation(3G). it is expected that end-to-end IPand high-quality streaming video will beamong 4G's distinguishing features.Fourth generation networks are likely touse a combination of WiMAX and WiFi.4G technologies are sometimes referredto by the acronym "MAGIC," whichstands for Mobile multimedia,Anytime/any-where, Global mobilitysupport, Integrated wireless andCustomized personal service.Although 3G networks werereally about the technology, 4Gnetworks are both a technology and abusiness transformation. 4G willpotentially reshape not just the wirelessindustry, but also cable, wireline andhandset companies. It will alsosimultaneously provide the media andentertainment industries anotheravenue for content delivery.
FEATURES:
 
Support for interactivemultimedia, voice, streamingvideo, Internet, and otherbroadband services
 
I
P
based mobile system
 
High speed, high capacity, and lowcost per bit
 
Global access, service portability,and scalable mobile services
 
Seamless switching, and a varietyof Quality of Service drivenservices
 
Better scheduling and calladmission control techniques
 
Ad hoc and multi hop networks(the strict delay requirements of voice make multi hop networkservice a difficult problem)
 
Better spectral efficiency
 
Avoidance or prevention of thecongestion
 
Seamless network of multipleprotocols and air interfaces (since4G will be all I
P
, look for 4Gsystems to be compatible with allcommon network technologies,including80
2
.11, WCDMA, Bluetooth, and Hyper LAN)

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