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MATEMATICAS - CAPITULO 04 - INDUCCION

MATEMATICAS - CAPITULO 04 - INDUCCION

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Published by: Sebastián Caro Soto on Mar 18, 2011
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03/13/2013

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UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCIONFacultad de Ciencias ısicas y Matem´aticas
Introducci´on a la Matem´atica Universitaria.520145Caıtulo 4. Inducci´on.
Prof. Antonio Contreras Quilodr´an.
Inducci´on1.FCFM UdeC.
 
Inducci´on Matem´atica
El Operador Sumatoria.Dados
n
n´umeros reales indexados como
a
1
,a
2
,...,a
n
, se define
la sumatoria
de ellos, que se denota
n
k
=1
a
k
, por:
n
k
=1
a
k
=
a
1
+
a
2
+
···
+
a
n
1
+
a
n
Ejemplos. De sumatoria:1.
n
k
=1
k
2
= 1
2
+ 2
2
+ 3
2
+
···
+ (
n
1)
2
+
n
2
2.
n
k
=1
(2
k
1)= 1+3+5+7+
···
+(2
n
3)+(2
n
1)
Inducci´on2.FCFM UdeC.
 
Inducci´on Matem´atica
Propiedades del Operador Sumatoria1.
n
i
=1
a
i
=
n
j
=1
a
j
y
n
i
=1
a
i
=
n
1
i
=0
a
i
+1
=
n
+1
i
=2
a
i
1
2.
n
i
=1
a
=
a
+
a
+
···
+
a
+
a
=
na
3.
n
i
=1
ka
i
=
k
n
i
=1
a
i
;
n
i
=1
(
a
i
+
b
i
) =
n
i
=1
a
i
+
n
i
=1
b
i
4.
n
i
=1
m
j
=1
b
j
a
i
=
m
j
=1
n
i
=1
a
i
b
j
Inducci´on3.FCFM UdeC.

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