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Code Name Spider, Flight of Apollo 9

Code Name Spider, Flight of Apollo 9

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Published by Bob Andrepont

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Mar 18, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/02/2013

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I 
I 
iJ 
v; 
Ii 
;, 
v 
;: 
. 
I~
I ~ 
-" 
 
Gumdrop
Me
e
ts
Spider
"You're
th
ebiggest,
friendlie
st,
funniest-looking
sp
ider
I
've
ever
see
n
."
That's
how
AstronautDavid Scott,
piloting Apollo
q's Commandand Service
Module
(CSM
),
code-named
Gumdrop
,
welcomed
ba
ckthe
lunar
Module
(
lM
l,
code-named Spider,
from it
sfirstso
lo
v e n ~ u r e 
into
space.Spider's
hollow
drogue
,cfeli
ca
tely
guided
byAstronautsJamesMc
Divitt
a
nd
Russe
ll
Schwrickarl,found
the
do
cking
probe
on
Gumdrop
,Jnd
J
buzzer
s
i
~n
a
l
e
d
their union
."
Wow!
"Mc
Divitt
exclaimed,"Ihaven't h
eard
a
so
und
that
goodfor
a
long time
."
And
thuson
Mar
ch
7,
1969,the
fif
th
day
of
the
flight
ofApollo
9,
did
Spider
prov
eitselfins
pace.
Previousmi
ss
ion
shadtested
th
eSaturn 5launch vehicle a
nd
th
e CSM.A laterone
would
test the
lM
inthe
vicinityof
theM
oon
.out
whenApollo
splashed
down
at theend
of
ten
d a y
~
In
s
pa
ce
in the
water
off
Grand TurkIsla
nd
in theBaham
as
th
ere
wa
srenewed
confiden
ceth
at before 1969 was
out
aSpi
der would
la
ndtwAmerican
s
on
th
e
Moon
.
Below
from
l
eft
to right,
lunar Module
Pilol
Ru
sse
llSchweickarl,
Command
Mo
dule
Pilot
David
Sco
tt
and
Commander
JamesM
cDivi
t
t.
Allhe
rig
ht
,
lun
ar
Module
,Code-name:Spider.
1
 
Friend Spider
Scott's
friend
the Lunar
Module
may
indeed
be theung
ai
nlie
stcraft ever
to
carrymenin space,
but
it
also
is
thefirst IruemaImed spacecraft.
Olher
spacecraft.
like
theSpider
's
mother
s
hip
,areshaped to bearthesearingheat
of
re-enl
ering
the Earth'satmosphere.The Spider,becau
se
it
will
fly cmly
in
space,
is
designed to
perform
its functions
without
the
re
-
entry
re
str
ic
tion
.
It
may resemble
an
earthling'snlgl 'Tlare
of
a
visitorfromanother
planet.Sixantennas,
18
rockets,and
four
s
pidery
legs
jut
from
its
oddly-angled
sla
bsides,
which,
patternedin
gold
andblack,
control
the heat inIhe
unimpededlight
of
the
Sun
.Itweighs
'
16
tons andstands
23
feet
high
,
incorporating
25
miles
ofwiring
and
a
million-odd
parts.Foreasing the foolpadsand their
5-foo
t
probe
sonto the
Moon
,LM's
lowerhalf
houses a variablethrust rock
et
engine
which
enables
it
to
hoverlike
a
helicopter.
To launch them
se
lves backto the
Command
Module
in
orbitof
the
Moon,
the
two
astronau
ts
will
fire
an
engine
in
the
upper half
of
theLunar
Module
,usingthe
lowerhalf
as
their
launch pad.
RCS
Thruster
'A"lIII
AssemblyAscent Engine CoverOxidizerIngress-Egress HatchFuel(Aerozine
5 0 ) ~ 
.......
Ox
idizer(Nitrogen
Te
troxide)
2
ASCENT STAGE
S-Band AntennaVHFAntennaGaseousOxygenFuel(RCS)
i!:.
..s::
l.
ft
HeliumLiquid OxygendizerFuel(Aerozine
50
)Oxygen
DESCENT STAGE

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