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Muslim Inventions and Discoveries

Muslim Inventions and Discoveries

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Published by Mehboob Hassan
Muslim Inventions and Discoveries
Muslim Inventions and Discoveries

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Mehboob Hassan on Mar 18, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/17/2013

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Muslim Invention and Discoveries
 
Muslim has had a profound and lasting influence on the world today.Through their ingenious inventions and momentous discoveries, Muslimsrevolutionized science, technology and civilization. The creation of firstCheque, the first camera and the windmill, contributions in mathematics,medicine, hygiene and beautification are the great Muslim contribution.
Numbers
Muslims adapted the Indian version of numerals into the modern numbers 1to 9 that we use today. The application of “zero” was the work of Muslimmathematician, al-Khwarizmi and al-kindi, in 1825. Arabic numeralsinitially came to Europe in the late 10
th
century through Pope Sylvester-Iwho studied in Qurtaba , Spain and then to Rome .
Fountain Pen
The fountain pen was invented for al-mu’izz an Egyptian sultan in 953 onhis request to have a pen which didn’t require a separate inkpot and wouldnot stain hands and clothes. The first fountain pen is the basics of all penstoday. The ink will flow only when there is an intention to write ………. Isthis possible if God so wills (al-Mu’izz and the craftsman)Read! And your lord is most generous Who has taught (the writing) by thepen. (Quran-Surah ‘Alaq-verses 3-4)
Tooth brush
The use of miswak was popularized by Prophet Mohammad (p.b.u.h). TheMuslims practice of using a twig of miswak to scrub one’s teeth before eachprayer is amongst the credible sources which aided in inventing the toothbrush. Miswak not only has the chemicals for oral treatment but the twigalso acts as a brush to scrub the teeth.If I had not found it hard for my followers or the people. I would haveordered them to clean their teeth with Miswak for every prayer.(vol2, Book 13, no 12 Sahih Al-Bokhari)
Cheque
 
The modern Cheque from the Arabic “saqq”, a written vow to play for goodsupon delivery. The use of saqq was born out the need to ovoid the dangersand difficulties in carrying coins. In the 9
th
century, a Muslim businessmancould cash a saqq in china drawn on his Bank in Baghdad , under a highlydeveloped ‘banking system’. In promoting the concept of the bill of exchange, saqq or Cheque Muslims made the financing of commerce andinter-continental trade possible.
Medicine
Medical research by Muslims scientist dates back as far as the 9
th
centurywhen their scientist built the first hospital and pharmacies. Muslim scientistsinvented the first internal stitching method, designed outstanding surgicalinstrument, developed pharmaceuticals and treatments including contract-operations and bone setting.“The European medical system in Arabian not only in origin but also in itsstructure. The Arabs are the intellectual forebears…. .(Dr Donald Campbell)
Parachute
In 852 Ibn Firnas, a Muslim engineer from Spain made a loose stiffenedwith wood strut and jumped from the minarets of the grand Musjid inQurtaba, in hope to glide like a bird. Although he did not glide in the air ashe had expected, the cloak slowed his fall, creating what is considered to thefirst parachute.
Soaps and Shampoos
Washing and bathing are religious requirement for Muslims; it was Muslimswho initially developed soap by boiling and hardening a mixture of vegetable oil withAl-qali (salt like substance). In 1759 sheikh Dean Mohammed, an IndianMuslim popularized the Indian treatment of champi (shampooing) inEngland and was appointed the King’s shampooing surgeon.Take some sesame oil, sprinkle of potash Alkali and some lime…. . Whencooked, pour the mixture into moulds producing a hard soap. 
Algebra

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Hafidh Jamal added this note
Thank you for sharing this information, however the information was taken from the Meezan Bank Calendar 2010 which was researched and written by me. Kindly Reference your information in the future. - Hafidh Jamlauddin (Corporate Communication - Meezan Bank)
Sambasivan Srinivasan added this note
GOOD USEFUL MATERIAL. BEST WISHES
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