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Proceeding of Int. Conference on Environmental Technology and Construction Engineering for Sustainable Development 2011

Proceeding of Int. Conference on Environmental Technology and Construction Engineering for Sustainable Development 2011

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Proceedings of the International Conference on
 
Environmental Technology and ConstructionEngineering for Sustainable Development
 
ICETCESD-2011
 
10-12 March 2011Sylhet, Bangladesh
 
Edited by
 
 M. Aktarul Islam Chowdhury Mushtaq AhmedG. M. Jahid Hasan
 Organized by
 Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringShahjalal University of Science and Technology 
DESIGNED BY- Suvo
 
 Published by:Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE) DepartmentShahjalal University of Science and Technology (SUST)Sylhet, Bangladesh.March 2011ISBN: 978-984-33-3054-3 (Proceedings)ISBN: 978-984-33-3055-0 (CD-Rom)Copyright © 2011 by the Publisher. All rights are reserved. No part of this publication can bereproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means – graphic,electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission of the Publisher.Book Design and Composition: Publication Committee, ICETCESD-2011Cover Design: Saniruzzanan (Suvo), 13th batch, CEE Department, SUST
 
iii
 
PREFACE
In a situation of dreadful and deteriorated scenario, natural resources being contaminated, corrupted, distressed,disturbed, disrupted, despoiled, degraded, defamed, deteriorated, polluted, ruined, tarnished and infected byunsystematic, haphazard, inequitable and unwarranted activities of mankind merged with the non-synchronization of the nature, patchy deterioration, unlikely depletion, unmanageable change, non-restrictedurbanization, non-conformity of technical progress by leaps and bounds beyond the equilibrium not coping withthe as usual natural systems without thinking of the demand of future generation for their existence causes severeenvironmental dilapidation and culprit pollution by the unplanned urbanization and developing infrastructure inunsustainable way. To the cross-road of the development actions and man-made maneuverings, whole world istriggering such deteriorated tracks continuously. In this context, proper initiatives should be considered to assessthe global situation followed by the review of regional and global efforts with the proper recommendations tosave the nature, nature entities and natural resources. As the succession of such initiatives,
 ICETCESD
2011,
  International Conference on Environmental Technology and Construction Engineering for Sustainable Development –
is organized at Sylhet, Bangladesh for the first time not only in Bangladesh but also in the SouthAsia Sub-continent of Continental Asia. It will give the opportunities to exchange the views and experiences of the academicians, researchers, engineers, specialists, experts, professionals as well as the learners at internationallevel from home and abroad and to understand the environment technology and construction engineering as awhole essential in the field of infrastructure development leading to sustainable development. It will open theeyes how a system can be made effective within limited resources and constraints leading to sustainabledevelopment.
 
Technical papers and posters were invited from the academicians/ researchers/ professionals/ experts working onenvironmental technology and construction engineering around the world well before the conference date. About200 abstracts were received; after review, a total of 118 technical papers and 5 keynote articles were selected forpublications in the Conference Proceedings. Academicians, researchers, professionals and other personalitiesfrom different countries i.e. Australia, Bangladesh, Canada, India, Nepal, Thailand etc submitted their scientificcontributions in this conference. Papers have been lightly edited to homogenize the style and to revise thecontents based on reviewers’ comments. However, the final responsibility for the contents, quality and thepresentation of the papers is held by each individual author. In the proceedings, only the executive summary of the papers are printed and hence published, however, full papers are available in a CD-ROM enclosed with theproceedings.I would like to acknowledge the great efforts of the authors, who jointly and/or individually contributed bysubmitting papers. I might appreciate the supports received from the reviewer’s who did it perfectly. Thecontributions of the members of all committee are gratefully acknowledged. Heartiest thanks to Dr. MushtaqAhmed and Dr. G. M. Jahid Hasan for putting their excellent joint efforts with me for editing the proceedingsincluding composing the text, figures, tables and photographs, which is indeed a tedious job. Finally, greatappreciation is due to the Title Sponsors Seven Circle Cement Ltd., Dhaka; Ratanpur Steel Re-rolling Mills(RSRM) Ltd, Chittagong; and Comprehensive Disaster Management Program (CDMP), Ministry of Food andDisaster Management, Ministry of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh in association with US Aid, EuropeanCommission for financing the major portion of the cost to organize the Conference. Also thanks to other sponsorswho financially contributed through the sponsorship in the form of advertisement in the souvenir published on theeve of ICETCESD 2011.
Professor M. Aktarul Islam Chowdhury
Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet  March 2011