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Published by Avtar Kaul

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Published by: Avtar Kaul on Mar 18, 2011
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Dear friends,
Jai Shri Ram!
A lot of discussion is going on about the Surya Siddhanta (SS) these days invarious forums. It is, as such, worthwhile to see as to how authentic anastronomical or even religious work it is.
For this purpose, we shall be using the Surya Siddhanta with Englishtranslation by Bapudeva Sastri (1891 AD) and the edition of Ranganatha withhis
goodartha prakashika
commentary (1603 AD) besides Sudhavarshinicommentary by Pandit Sudhakar Dwivedi (1880) and SS of Panchasiddhantika of Varahamihira (6th century AD). In short, we shall bescrupulously avoiding the translation by Ebnezeer Burgess, since some die-hard "lonely" scholar-monks of the SS are of the view that being a Christian,Burgess had deliberately misinterpreted that work.
All these editions of the SS are freely available atwww.wilbourhall.org.
Is Surya Siddhanta an astronomical or even a religious work? No!Absolutely Not!
Shlokas two to ten of the first chapter of the SS state that in the fag end of thepresent Krita i.e. Satya Yuga, a great asura i.e. Demon, (maha-asurah) namedMayaa pleased the Surya Bhagwan with his penance. The sun-god, in turn,bestowed the knowledge of planetary astronomy on that great demonthrough an amsha born of Himself (that is an “incarnation” of SuryaBhagwan) , since the sun-god Himself had neither the time for doing so norwould Maya-mahasura bear his scorching heat and refulgence.
Thus the SS claims that the knowledge of astronomy was revealed to Mayaademon through Surya Bhagwan Himself.
An explanation of some of the words is necessary here:
Asuraas is an antonym of suras. They are, as such, those creatures who actexactly against the suras i.e. devas (gods). If the gods are benevolent andpious, asuras are cruel and crafty. They are liars of the worst kind andare even known as rakshyass. The most prominent examples of such asurasare Hiranyakashyapa, who was killed by Narasimha; Ravana, who abductedthe wife of Bhagwan Ram, besides his brother Kumbakarna, his sonMeghanada and his sister Shrupanakaha. Even Mahishasura was an asurawho was killed by goddess Durga! Same is the case with Sunda, Upasunda,Rakhtabeeja, Dommravarna etc. etc.
They were all asuras and had become so powerful that they had to beannihilated by divine incarnations!
b) And that is why Bhagwaan Krishna has said in the Gita that anbydoy bornwith asura prakriti (nature) gets annihilated whereas the ones who are of adaiva prakriti prosper.
So the very nature of the recipient viz. a rakshasa of such a lofty knowledgewhich is "the most sacred secret"(rahasyam etat punyam) puts a questionmark on the authenticity of the SS!
Astronomy, as is common knowledge, is not such a science as can beacquired In a jiffy, and that also by a great demon i.e. rakshasa!
Astronomically, the sun is a star comprising helium and hydrogen! Neither of thecomponents favour human life as we know. As such, astronomically, it is impossible forthe sun, a star hundreds of times larger than the earth, to “impart” any knowledge toanybody, leave alone a sinful great demon named Mayaa.
In Satya-yuga and Treta-yuga, as per the Ramayana, even Shudras, leave alonedemons, were not allowed to learn the Vedic scriptures. As such, as per thedharmashastras, it was impossible for sun-god to have bestowed planetary knowledgeto a demon!
Regarding Mayaa, we hear about two such names in the two Itihasas: One is Mayaathe father-in-law of the Rakshasa King Ravana of Tretayuga and the other is Mayaa, thearchitect in the Mahabharata, of Dwaparayuga. In neither of the two itihasas, there isabsolutely no mention that either of the two Mayaa-danavas had ever acquired anyknowledge of astronomy, and that also directly from the sun-god.
g) Acharya Lagadha of 14th century BCE also has not referred to any earlierastronomical work from which true planetary positions could be calculated. On theother hand, Lagadha has, through his Vedanga Jyotisha, given only the methodology---a very crude one indeed!---of calculating mean tithi, nakshatra etc. Lagadha was noteven able to calculate the mean longitudes, leave alone true longitudes, of the sun andmoon either---and there is absolutely no mention of any planet like Mangal, Shani etc. inthat work---not even their mean longitudes, not to speak of true longitudes!
Thus if there had been any work of the nature of the SS available in the 14th century,Lagadha would certainly have referred to it and may be not even bothered to compile avery crude astronomical work himself then!
Thus the so called Maya the great demon is telling a lie that astronomy was revealed tohim by Surya Bhagwan Himself as it is an impossibility astronomically as well as according to dharmashastras!.So even if Mayaa-mahaasura is a fictitious name of the compiler of the SS, he hasrevealed his true aasuric nature that he was a first class liar and had absolutely no good intentions about the Hindu community!
Was the SS a creation of rakshasas and when was it created?
 Since the SS is said to have been revealed in the fag end of Krita-yuga i.e. Satya-yuga, whichis followed by Tretayuga, if at all we presume that it has been written by some real MayaaMaha-asura, we will have to zero in on the Mayaa, the father-in-law of the Rakshasa kingRavana! Why?Because, Bhagwan Ram, as per the Valmiki Ramayana, who was a contemporary of Ravana,is supposed to have Incarnated in Treta-yuga.We have therefore to zero on the date of SS creation in late Satya-yuga!As per the same SS, Shlokas 15 to 20 of Adyaya one, Dwapara-yuga plus two sandhis i.e. itsdawn and twilight have a total span of 864,000 solar years. Similarly, Treta-yuga plus twosandhis have a total span of 1,296,000 solar years. Even if we ignore the 5112 years of socalled Kaliyuga which are supposed to have elapsed as per the same SS till date, it meansthat the SS was revealed to Mayaa the demon 1,296,000 plus 864,000 years = 2,160,000years ago!That is a large number of years---more than two million i.e. twenty lakhs of years prior to thecurrent twenty-first century AD!
Mayaa” is the greatest liar, and as such can neither be a Rishi nor a Hindu!
 Hindus call the SS as "Shri Surya Siddhanta" and it is also known as aarsha-grantha i.e. awork by some Rishi!Myth and astronomy are poles apart. So are archaeology and myth!By now it is an open secret that leave alone twenty-lakh years, we do not have anyworthwhile records of even one tenth of that duration i.e. two lakh years!Nay even of the period of about 5000 BC except for pyramids of Egypt!Then again, “Our species,
Homo sapiens,
originated in Africa around 200,000 BC. Writtenlanguage dates back only to about 7000 BC.” Hawking –
The Grand Design
(Bantam) page17.Does it mean that the great demon Mayaa got his Surya Siddhanta millions of years back even before the species
homo sapiens
themselves evolved?Well, I know that except for some "extra-ordinary scholar-monks" and "Vedic astrologers",nobody is such a nitwit to believe such a lie!Obviously, such a lie can be manufactured only by a crafty rakshasha---a maha-asura and notby some Rishi!
Thus to call such an absurd work as the Surya Siddhanta as "Shri Surya Siddhanta" and attribute it to some Rishis is a great insult to the real Rishis!
The “Jyotisha Upanishat” beats hollow all the Vedas and Upanishadas in antiquity!
 Mayaa the great demon, as per the same SS, is supposed to have got jyotishopnishat-adyayaof the same SS also from Surya Bhagwan Himself. As such, some “extraordinary scholars”claim the SS to be a jyotisha-upanishat!What is surprising is that no scholar has till date been able to fix the date of the Rigveda ---the earliest Veda---prior to about 5000 BCE!That is hardly seven thousand years back!Even if we go by B.G. Tilak’s estimate, the Rigveda is not older than 10000 BCE in any caseby any stretch of imagination!And if we compare two million years with 12000 years, we are left with a staggering deficitof about two million years!

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