Rural Development in Malaysia
Assoc Prof Dr Ibrahim Ngah,Department of Urban and Regional Planning,Faculty of Built of Environment,Universiti Teknologi Malaysia,81310 SkudaiJohorINTRODUCTION
Since Malaysia became independent from British rule in 1957, rural development hasalways been considered important in the agenda of national development. Manystrategies and programmes were introduced to promote the well-being of rural peopleranging from development of the agriculture sector, rural industrialisation, resettlementschemes, provision of public facilities and infrastructure to human and communitydevelopment. Rural development can be seen as a process of change carried outdeliberately for the betterment of rural people. The process of change is continuous, andits essentially interventionist aims are to achieve certain goals or to solve problems of therural areas. As a process of induced change led by the state, rural development activitiescovered elements such as planning, implementation, monitoring and involved multi-disciplinary actors, such as state agencies, the private sector, NGOs and the generalpublic. Due to the nature of rural development activities with overriding stateinterventions, rural development in Malaysia tended to be viewed as synonymous withthe state rural development strategies and programmes aimed at solving problems facing
Paper published in Malaysia’s Economy, Past, Present & Future, Ch. 2, ed. Ishak Yussof (2009), KualaLumpur: Malaysian Strategic Research Centre.