The Purpose of the Experiment:
In this experiment, the main purpose is to understand principles of atomic absorptionspectroscopy and the terms related with this method. It has been aimed to learn the workingprinciple of the apparatus in block diagram, such as, the light source, atomizer,monochromator etc.It has been also aimed to determine the concentration of a solution by using atomic absorptionspectroscopy method.
Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS)
Atomic absorption spectroscopy is based on the absorption of discrete wavelengths of light byground state, gas phase free atoms. These free atoms are formed from a sample by theatomizer at high temperature.The AAS was developed in the 1950 by Alan Walsh which rapidly became a commonly usedanalytical instrument.
What atomic absorption spectroscopy mainly does (AAS) is to determine the presence of metals in liquid samples. Such as Fe, Cu, Al, Pb, Ca, Zn, Cd etc. It also measures theconcentrations of metals in the samples (usuallyin mg/L range).When metals are in their elemental form, they will absorb ultraviolet light because they areexcited by applied heat from the light source (Figure 1.1). Each metal has their specificwavelength to be absorbed. The AAS tools looks for a particular metal by focusing a beam of UV light at a specific wavelength through a flame into the detector. The sample of interest issoftened into the flame. If the sample has that metal in it, the metal will absorb some of thelight, therefore will reduce its intensity. The device measures the change in this intensity. In
Figure 1.1 The Atomic Absorption Process