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mat116_appendix_e - Copy

# mat116_appendix_e - Copy

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03/21/2011

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Axia College Material
Appendix EFueling Up
Motorists often complain about rising gas prices. Some motorists purchase fuel-efficient vehicles andparticipate in trip reduction plans, such as carpooling and using alternative transportation. Other driverstry to drive only when necessary.
Application Practice
Answer the following questions. Use Equation Editor to write mathematical expressions and equations.First, save this file to your hard drive by selecting
Save As
from the File

menu. Click the white spacebelow each question to maintain proper formatting.
1.
Imagine you are at a gas station filling your tank with gas. The function
(
) represents the cost
of filling up the gas tank with
gallons. Given the equation
)(03.3)(
=
a.
What does the number 3.03 represent? \$3.03 – cost of fuel per gallon
b.
Find
(2). C(2) = 3.03 (2)= \$6.06
c.
Find
(9). C(9)= 3.03(9)= \$27.27
d.
For the average motorist, name one value for
that would be inappropriate for thisfunction’s purpose. Explain why you chose that number. G cannot be a negative value becauseyou cannot have a negative amount of gallons.
e.
If you were to graph
(
), what would be an appropriate domain and range? Explain your reasoning. Domain would vary, depending on the size of tank. They are usually 20 gal.DOMAIN= (0,20) c(20)= 60.6, c(0)=0RANGE= (0,60.6)
2.
Examine the rise in gasoline prices from 1997 to 2006. The price of regular unleaded gasoline inJanuary 1997 was \$1.26, and in January 2006, the price of regular unleaded gasoline was \$2.31(“Consumer price index,” 2006). Use the coordinates (1997, 1.26) and (2006, 2.31) to find the slope,or rate of change, between the two points. Describe how you arrived at your answer.SLOPE= (2.31-1.26)/ (2006-1997)= 1.05/9= 7/60 = 0.12 12 cents per year 3. The linear equation
79.015.0
+=
xy
represents an estimate of the average cost of gas for year
starting in 1997 (“Consumer price index,”2006). The year 1997 would be represented by
= 1, for example, because it is the first year in thestudy. Similarly, 2005 would be year 9, or
= 9.
MAT/116