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Methodolgy

Methodolgy

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Published by Alex
"A Great Example" which can help you writing Methodology
"A Great Example" which can help you writing Methodology

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Alex on Mar 21, 2011
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Methodology
Introduction
Research is one of the most important parts of a dissertation that cannot be avoided. Infact, a dissertation is incomplete if a proper research is not included. The research helps incollecting in-depth information regarding the topic of the dissertation and also helps in seekingthe solutions to the problems that the dissertation aims to address. Every dissertation is aimed toaddress a certain problem and its solutions are being sought from the literature available at theresearcher¶s disposal. The literature helps in validating the findings that are made during thecourse of the research. The purpose of the dissertation is to provide new information related tothe topic, help the reader understand the topic with more depth and provide authenticateknowledge to the field. This can only be one when the research is carried out using a validresearch methodology that is being designed after thorough study of the aims and objectives of the study (Wilson
,
2009).The process of designing a methodology for the research is said to be the stepping stonefor the research (Amaratunga
et al.
, 2002). It acts as a roadmap for the researcher and theresearch is being conducted according to the route defined by the methodology. This helps inaddressing the research questions and the research objectives in a way that the research yieldsvalid results that help in authenticating the overall dissertation.The reason for conducting the research in the current dissertation was that thisdissertation was aimed to collect information regarding employee motivation and retention bythe introduction of reward schemes. Furthermore, the dissertation also aimed to collectinformation regarding the various reward schemes that are being used by various firms in order to motivate their employees and evaluate these schemes to assess which scheme best serve the
 
purpose. This required detailed information about what reward schemes are currently used andthe way these schemes have been helpful for the firms in increasing the motivation level of theemployees. The research was also aimed to collect information about which reward scheme,amongst the mostly used, is the most appropriate for the purpose. It was also aimed to collectdata about whether the selection of salary is beneficial or the selection of a complete package.The primary data for the research was collected by using two important means. First, theemployees of the firm were asked to fill a custom-made questionnaire that was based on open-ended questions and involved some basic questions that were supposed to help in collectingvaluable information from a relatively large sample. Then, interviews were used to collect moreinformation from some employees of the selected firms.Secondary data was also included in the research in order to increase the validation of theoverall research and provide extra information related to the topic.
 
D
esigning of a research methodology is a step by step process. It is necessary that all thesteps are being followed in sequence, in order to design a valid methodology that would help incollecting authentic data related to the topic. In order to facilitate the process of designing themethodology, Saunders
et al.
(2001) proposed a figure in which they provided all the steps thatare involved in the process.
Methodology
Research Philosophy
The selection of a philosophy is the very first step that is involved in the process of designing a research methodology. There are many research philosophies that can be useddepending upon the requirements of the research. Saunders
et al.
(2001) have stated the names of various theories in the first circle of the proposed figure. Two of these theories are mostcommonly used because of their wide acceptance; these philosophies are Positivism andInterpretivism.Positivism philosophy recommends having a strong theory as a base of the researchwhich is then tested during the course of the research. While using Positivism, the researcher hasto create hypotheses and then test them using various research methods (Remenyi
et al.
1998).The hypotheses are formed by using the research questions that are and a thorough study of theresearch objectives. Further, existing theories of some well known scholars that are accepted bythe masses and are found to be relevant to the research requirements, along with the related factsare used for the development of statements that are then converted into hypotheses.Interpretivism on the other hand, is based on the facts and figures that lead the building of the research. The end results obtained are used to form statements that are capable of 
F
igure 1: The Process Onion (Source: Saunders et al., 2003)
 

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