Judaism Test Review Sheet
Know All Homework, Vocabulary & Notes Plus…
#’s of Jews in the world
Judaism is not a race or ethnicity. It is a religion and it is a culturalheritage that can be passed down.
is a theory that says the Torah was written by different authors. It’s 4components are J (Yahwist), E (Elohist), D (Deuteronomy), and P(Priestly) authors.
is the first 5 books of the Bible.
Yahweh, YHWH, Elohim, Adonai, haShem
Hebrew Scriptures, Tanakh
is the corpus of the Hebrew Scriptures. TNK is an acronym for Torah(law), Nevi’im (Prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings).
Creation Stories, Patriarchs
The difference between Genesis 1 and 2 is that in 1, it focuses on whenGod creates heaven and earth in 7 days and in 2, it focuses on when Godcreates Adam and Eve. Next there is the flood myth of Noah and the Arc.The patriarchs are Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
is the father of the patriarchs.
led the migration from Mesopotamia/Egypt to Canaan. He freed his peoplefrom Egypt (the Exodus).
is the son of Isaac.He has 4 wives, 12 sons and 1 daughter.
was one of the greatest kings of Israel.
was the son of David, and king of Israel. He builds the Temple inJerusalem.
is the emperor praised for his freeing of the Jews in Babylon.
invaded Northern Israel in 722 BCE.
destroyed Jerusalem in 587 BCE.
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History of the Temple in Jerusalem
The Temple was destroyed many times. It was never finally rebuilt.
was an intra-Jewish civil war in 166 BCE. It was started by a group of resistance fighters. The Maccabees disagreed witht eh Hellenized Jews andRoman authority. They’re victory is celebrated through Hannukah.
was in 587 BCE. The people elaborated a hope for a restoration of theDavidic kingship as a sign of God’s loyalty to his covenant people.
is when the Pharisaic traditions were refurbished for a new nationalpurpose. After the Temple was destroyed, Rabbis began to lead the Jewishheritage. They were the chief custodians instead of the priests.
, also known as Rambam, lived between 1135 and 1204 CE and was fromCordoba, Spain. His major philosophical treatsie was called
The Guide for the Perplexed
. His greatest achievement is his effort to resolve the tensionsbetween faith and knowledge. Maimonides believed that the more rationalwe are, the more moral we can be. He thinks there is a harmoniousrelationship between relgion and science.
A rabbi is a teacher and legal specialist. They are the chief custodians for Judaism. Rabbi means “great one,” “leader,” “master,” and “teacher.”
is a place of assembly, study, and prayer.
is the religious leader of the Hasidic Jews.
is the removal of the male’s foreskin on the 8th day of life. It is the most