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Western World Religions - Judaism Test Study Guide

Western World Religions - Judaism Test Study Guide

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Published by Criselda Fajardo

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Published by: Criselda Fajardo on Mar 21, 2011
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Judaism Test Review Sheet
Know All Homework, Vocabulary & Notes Plus…
#’s of Jews in the world
14 million
Race/Ethnicity/Cultural Group
Judaism is not a race or ethnicity. It is a religion and it is a culturalheritage that can be passed down.
Documentary Hypothesis
is a theory that says the Torah was written by different authors. It’s 4components are J (Yahwist), E (Elohist), D (Deuteronomy), and P(Priestly) authors.
Torah
is the first 5 books of the Bible.
God’s names
Yahweh, YHWH, Elohim, Adonai, haShem
Hebrew Scriptures, Tanakh
is the corpus of the Hebrew Scriptures. TNK is an acronym for Torah(law), Nevi’im (Prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings).
Creation Stories, Patriarchs
The difference between Genesis 1 and 2 is that in 1, it focuses on whenGod creates heaven and earth in 7 days and in 2, it focuses on when Godcreates Adam and Eve. Next there is the flood myth of Noah and the Arc.The patriarchs are Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
Abraham
is the father of the patriarchs.
Moses
led the migration from Mesopotamia/Egypt to Canaan. He freed his peoplefrom Egypt (the Exodus).
Jacob
is the son of Isaac.He has 4 wives, 12 sons and 1 daughter.
David
was one of the greatest kings of Israel.
Solomon
was the son of David, and king of Israel. He builds the Temple inJerusalem.
Cyrus
is the emperor praised for his freeing of the Jews in Babylon.
Assyrians
invaded Northern Israel in 722 BCE.
Babylonians
destroyed Jerusalem in 587 BCE.
Romans
- - - ??
History of the Temple in Jerusalem
The Temple was destroyed many times. It was never finally rebuilt.
Pharisees
See chart.
Maccabean Revolt
was an intra-Jewish civil war in 166 BCE. It was started by a group of resistance fighters. The Maccabees disagreed witht eh Hellenized Jews andRoman authority. They’re victory is celebrated through Hannukah.
Zealots
See chart.
Essenes
See chart.
Sadducees
See chart.
Babylonian Exile
was in 587 BCE. The people elaborated a hope for a restoration of theDavidic kingship as a sign of God’s loyalty to his covenant people.
Rabbinic Judaism
is when the Pharisaic traditions were refurbished for a new nationalpurpose. After the Temple was destroyed, Rabbis began to lead the Jewishheritage. They were the chief custodians instead of the priests.
Maimonides
, also known as Rambam, lived between 1135 and 1204 CE and was fromCordoba, Spain. His major philosophical treatsie was called
The Guide for the Perplexed 
. His greatest achievement is his effort to resolve the tensionsbetween faith and knowledge. Maimonides believed that the more rationalwe are, the more moral we can be. He thinks there is a harmoniousrelationship between relgion and science.
Rabbi
A rabbi is a teacher and legal specialist. They are the chief custodians for Judaism. Rabbi means “great one,” “leader,” “master,” and “teacher.”
Synagogue
is a place of assembly, study, and prayer.
Tzaddik 
is the religious leader of the Hasidic Jews.
Circumcision
is the removal of the male’s foreskin on the 8th day of life. It is the most
 
characteristic ritual of Judaism.
Talmud
is the next layer of interpretation after the Mishnah. It comments on theMishnah.
Diaspora
is the dispersal of the Jews from Israel.
Bat mitzvah, Bar mitzvah
A Bar mitzvah is when a teenager reads a selection from 1 of the 5 booksof Moses and Prophets and the Bible.
Seder
is the ritual Passover dinner.
Zohar
is the principle text of the Kabbalah. It describes the feminie aspect of Godas a blue light.
Pentateuch
is the first 5 books of the Old Testament.
Mishnah
attempts to explain the heritage of the law. It was composed in 200 CE. Itsummarized the application of the traditional law as the Pharasaic-rabbinicmovement interpreted it.
Kaddish
is the prayer recited by children, usually sons, for the dead. It is reciteddaily for a year. The prayer itself praises God and His miracles.
Kabbalah
is Jewish Mysticism. It literally means “received tradition.” It is a teachingthat grew from Mysticisim. Its central aspects incuted an interest in thehuman figer of God, heavenly ascents, magical spells and motifs, andapocalyptic/revelatory writings.
Hasidism
is under Jewish Mysticism founded by Bali Sheem. It is from 18th centuryPoland.
Zionism
is the belief that Israel has a right to exist as a democratic Jewish state. Itwas founded by Theodore Herzl.
Midrash
is the Bible interpretation by rabbis. It means “interpretation” or “commentary.”
Tallith
is the prayer shawl used during prayer. It is usually blue and white withfringes.
Mezuzoth
is the lipstick sized scroll on the door frame that contains the Shema andsimilar passages.
Shofar
is a ram’s horn used to “wake up the congregation from moral slumber” toremind them to consider their deeds the past year.
Haggadah
is a narrative or story. It is the Passover liturgy that tells Jes to looks onhimself on having experienced the deliverance of the Exodus.
Huppah
is the marriage canopy held over a couple while they marry.
Sitting Shiva
It is the hours for receiving visitors to the house 7 days after the burial of the dead.
Rosh Hashanah
(New Year) each year begins with new moon at Fall equinox.
Yom Kippur
(Day of Atonement) is the most solemn day of the year. Jews consider their deeds of the past year. It is the Final Judgement.
Hanukkah
celebrates the Maccabean Jews’ victory over their oppressors and thepurification and rededication of the Temple. It is celebrated by and 8 daylighting of the menorah.
Israel (statehood)
was proclaimed as an independent state in May 1948.
Be able to:
Write out the Shema, explain what it means and know the verse where it is found in scripture
“Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the L
ORD
alone.” - Deuteronomy 6:4The Shema is the bold statement of monotheism made by the Jews.
Name and describe in detail all Jewish holidaysRosh Hashanah
 
see above↑
Yom Kippur
 
see above ↑
Hannukah
 
see above ↑
Purim
is a minor festival in March that recalls the deliverance of the Jews in Persia from destruction at thehands of Hamon. It is like Halloween and Mardi Graas.
2
 
Passover
is a spring holiday that commemorates the Exodus. Jews have seder dinner and they listen to theHaggadah.
Name and define the three prominent forms of Judaism in North America and explain thedifferences between them (with concrete examples)
3

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