- Ask locals about conditions.
- Remember to keep calm and think.
- Insist on emergency rations and kits.
- Never forget accident procedures.
- Energy is saved when warm and dry.
BE AWARE OF THE GROUP'S ABILITY
. It is essential that the leader evaluates theindividual abilities of his men and uses this as the basis for his planning. In his evaluation,the leader must include the group's overall physical conditioning, and the consideration of change in climate and how long the unit has had to acclimatize.
Mental attitude of your group. Is morale high? How much tactical training has the grouphad in a particular type of terrain?
Technical aspect of your group. Have they been on skis, snowshoes, etc.?
Individual skills. At this point, you must choose who is most proficient at the individualskills that will be required for your mission, navigation techniques, security, call for fire,rope installations, track plans, bivouac site selection, skijoring, etc.
EVALUATE TERRAIN AND WEATHER CONSTANTLY
Terrain. During the planning stages of your mission, the leader must absorb as muchinformation as possible on the surrounding terrain and key terrain features involved in your area of operation. Considerations to any obstacles must be clearly planned for. Will you needsuch things as fixed ropes, rope bridges, climbing gear, etc?(a) Stress careful movement in particularly dangerous areas, such as loose rock and steepterrain.(b) Always know your position. Knowing where you are on your planned route is important.
Weather . Mountain weather can be severe and variable. Drastic weather changes can occur in the space of a few hours with the onset of violent storms, reduced visibility, and extremechanges. In addition to obtaining current weather data, the leader must plan for theunexpected "worst case". During an operation he must diagnose weather signs continually tobe able to foresee possible weather changes.(a) Constantly evaluate the conditions. Under certain conditions it may be advisable toreevaluate your capabilities. Pushing ahead with a closed mind could spell disaster for themission and the unit.