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Us-marine-cold Weather Medicine Course

Us-marine-cold Weather Medicine Course

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Published by: MosySpeed on Mar 21, 2011
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02/03/2013

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UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
Mountain Warfare Training Center Bridgeport, California 93517-5001
COLD WEATHER MEDICINE COURSETABLE OF CONTENTS
 
CHAP TITLE
1 MOUNTAIN SAFETY (WINTER)2 SURVIVAL KIT3 COLD WEATHER CLOTHING4 WINTER WARFIGHTING LOAD REQUIREMENTS5 NOMENCLATURE AND CARE OF MILITARY SKI EQUIPMENT6 MILITARY SNOWSHOE MOVEMENT7 PREVENTIVE MEDICINE8 PATIENT ASSESSMENT9 TRIAGE10 TACTICAL COMBAT CASUALTY CARE11 LAND NAVIGATION REVIEW12 NUTRITION13 HYPOTHERMIA14 FREEZING / NEAR FREEZING TISSUE INJURIES15 EXTREME COLD WEATHER TENT16 PERSONAL / TEAM STOVES17 TEN MAN ARCTIC TENT18 BURN MANAGEMENT19 MISCELLANEOUS COLD WEATHER MEDICAL PROBLEMS20 CASEVACS AND CASEVAC REPORTING21 HIGH ALTITUDE HEALTH PROBLEMS22 ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS 123 ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS 224 AVALANCHE SEARCH ORGANIZATION25 AVALANCHE TRANSCEIVERS26 BIVOUAC ROUTINE27 WILDERNESS ORTHOPEDIC TRAUMA28 COLD WEATHER LEADERSHIP PROBLEMS29 SUBMERSION INCIDENTS30 REQUIREMENTS FOR SURVIVAL31 SURVIVAL SIGNALING32 SURVIVAL SNOW SHELTERS AND FIRES33 SKIJORING
 
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
Mountain Warfare Training Center Bridgeport, California 93517-5001FMST.07.1810/22/01
 
STUDENT HANDOUTMOUNTAIN SAFETY (WINTER)TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE.
Given a unit in a wilderness environment andnecessary equipment and supplies, apply the principles of mountain safety, to prevent death or injury per the references. (FMST.07.18)
ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE.
1. Without the aid of references, and given the acronym "BE SAFE MARINE", list inwriting the 12 principles of mountain safety, in accordance with the references.(FMST.07.18a)
OUTLINE.
1.
PLANNING AND PREPARATION.
(FMST.07.18a) As in any military operation,planning and preparation constitute the keys to success. The following principles will helpthe leader conduct a safe and efficient operation in any type of mountainous environment.We find this principle in the acronym "BE SAFE MARINE". Remember the key: Think about what each letter means and apply this in any type of environment.
B
- Be aware of the group's ability.
E
- Evaluate terrain and weather constantly.
S
- Stay as a group.
A
- Appreciate time requirements.
F
- Find shelter before storms if required.
E
- Eat plenty and drink lots of liquids.
M
- Maintain proper clothing and equipment.
1
 
A
- Ask locals about conditions.
- Remember to keep calm and think.
I
- Insist on emergency rations and kits.
N
- Never forget accident procedures.
E
- Energy is saved when warm and dry.
a.
BE AWARE OF THE GROUP'S ABILITY 
. It is essential that the leader evaluates theindividual abilities of his men and uses this as the basis for his planning. In his evaluation,the leader must include the group's overall physical conditioning, and the consideration of change in climate and how long the unit has had to acclimatize.
(1)
Mental attitude of your group. Is morale high? How much tactical training has the grouphad in a particular type of terrain?
(2)
Technical aspect of your group. Have they been on skis, snowshoes, etc.?
(3)
Individual skills. At this point, you must choose who is most proficient at the individualskills that will be required for your mission, navigation techniques, security, call for fire,rope installations, track plans, bivouac site selection, skijoring, etc.
b.
EVALUATE TERRAIN AND WEATHER CONSTANTLY 
.
(1)
Terrain. During the planning stages of your mission, the leader must absorb as muchinformation as possible on the surrounding terrain and key terrain features involved in your area of operation. Considerations to any obstacles must be clearly planned for. Will you needsuch things as fixed ropes, rope bridges, climbing gear, etc?(a) Stress careful movement in particularly dangerous areas, such as loose rock and steepterrain.(b) Always know your position. Knowing where you are on your planned route is important.
(2)
Weather . Mountain weather can be severe and variable. Drastic weather changes can occur in the space of a few hours with the onset of violent storms, reduced visibility, and extremechanges. In addition to obtaining current weather data, the leader must plan for theunexpected "worst case". During an operation he must diagnose weather signs continually tobe able to foresee possible weather changes.(a) Constantly evaluate the conditions. Under certain conditions it may be advisable toreevaluate your capabilities. Pushing ahead with a closed mind could spell disaster for themission and the unit.
 
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