Difficult Problems from the Math Section
1. The sum of the even numbers between 1 and n is 79*80, where n is an oddnumber, then n=?
Sol: First term a=2, common difference d=2 since even number therefore sum to first n numbers of Arithmetic progression would ben/2(2a+(n-1)d)= n/2(2*2+(n-1)*2)=n(n+1) and this is equal to 79*80therefore n=79 which is odd...2.
The price of a bushel of corn is currently $3.20, and the price of a peck of wheat is $5.80. The price of corn is increasing at a constant rate of 5x centsper day while the price of wheat is decreasing at a constant rate of cents per day. What is the approximate price when a bushel of corn costs thesame amount as a peck of wheat?
(A) $4.50(B) $5.10(C) $5.30(D) $5.50(E) $5.60Soln: 320 + 5x = 580 - .41x; x = # of days after price is same;solving for x; x is approximately 48, thus the required price is 320 + 5 * 48 = 560cents = $5.6
3. How many randomly assembled people do u need to have a better than 50%prob. that at least 1 of them was born in a leap year?
Soln: Prob. of a randomly selected person to have NOT been born in a leap yr = 3/4Take 2 people, probability that none of them was born in a leap = 3/4*3/4 = 9/16. Theprobability at least one born in leap = 1- 9/16 = 7/16 < 0.5Take 3 people, probability that none born in leap year = 3/4*3/4*3/4 = 27/64.The probability that at least one born = 1 - 27/64 = 37/64 > 0.5Thus min 3 people are needed.
4. In a basketball contest, players must make 10 free throws. Assuming a playerhas 90% chance of making each of his shots, how likely is it that he will makeall of his first 10 shots?
Ans: The probability of making all of his first 10 shots is given by(9/10)* (9/10)* (9/10)* (9/10)* (9/10)* (9/10)* (9/10)* (9/10)* (9/10)* (9/10) =(9/10)^10 = 0.348 => 35%