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Vickers Valiant

Vickers Valiant

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Published by jb2ookworm
Weapon systems files obtained from Wikipedia.
Weapon systems files obtained from Wikipedia.

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Published by: jb2ookworm on Nov 22, 2007
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06/16/2009

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Vickers Valiant
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
Valiant
RAF Valiant inanti-flash white
Type
Strategic bomber
Introduced
1955
Retired
January 1965
Primaryuser
Number built
107
Valiant
was a British f our-jet bomber,once part of theRAF'sV bomber
 
force.
 
First prototype atFarnborough Air Show,1951
V-Bomber origins: B.35/46 / Sperrin
The BritishRoyal Air Force (RAF)Bomber Command leftWorld War IIwith a policy of using heavy four-piston-engined bombers for massed raids. It remained committed to this policy in the immediate
 
postwar period, adoptingtheAvro Lincoln,an updated version of the WW2Lancaster,as its standard bomber.The development of jet aircraftandnuclear weapons soon made this policy obsolete. The future appeared to belong to jet bombers that could fly at high altitude and speed, without defensive armament,
 
to perform a nuclear strike on a target.After considering various specifications for such an advanced jet bomber in late 1946,in January 1947
 
the BritishAir Ministry issued a request in the form of Specification B.35/46 f or an advanced jet bomber that would be at least the equal of anything theUSor the USSRhad. The request went to most of 
 
England's major aircraft manufacturers. While Short Brothers submitted a design that was judged tooambitious, the Air Staff accepted another submission from the company for a separate requirement,
 
B.14/46, to provide a very conservative bomber design as "insurance" in case the advanced B.35/46
 
effort ran into trouble.The Short's design became theS.A.4 Sperrin.A prototype Sperrin was completed and flew in1951,but it was basically a World War II bomber with jet engines on slightly swept wings and straight tail. Theengine fit was unusual, withnacelles accommodating twinRolls-Royce Avon turbojets arranged in a
 
top-and-bottom fashion. Improvements in aeronautical design and engineering had passed the Sperrin bybefore it ever flew. Although a second prototype was built and flown, further development of the typewas abandoned. The Sperrin was never anything more than a footnote to Britain's strategic bomber
 
development effort. Other work would achieve much more significant and impressive results.

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