Approaches to psychotherapy
APPROACHES TO PSYCHOTHERAPY
•Treatment of psychological distress and disorders through verbal, cognitive and behavioral techniques;- many different schools of psychotherapy.-
, interpretation, and action may all be involved.•At the core of any psychotherapy is an
.•THREE MAJOR SCHOOLS:1.PSYCHOANALYTIC (PSYCHODYNAMIC)2.COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL (CBT)3.HUMANISTIC•BUT THE MOST FREQUENTLY USED AND EVIDENCE BASED IS (CBT)
There have been a multitude of variations that have evolved and the term mostoften used to broadly encompass these approaches is "Psychodynamic."
Terms such as: neurosis, conflict, attachment, object relations, unconscious,defense mechanisms, id, ego, superego, drives, libido, transference,countertransference, and countless more have emerged from this approach.
A THEORY OF CONFLICTS
Psychodynamic therapies work to make the unconscious conscious so that we canhave greater insight into our needs and behavior and therefore more control overhow we allow these conflicts to affect us.
PROCESS OF PSYCHODYNAMIC PSYCHOTHERAPY
- Process more important than content.
•The symbolic meaning to a behavior or pattern of behavior. (E.G., exploring the process of RESISTANCE)•
Symptom reduction seen as superficial. All behavior seen as symbolic: "nothinghappens by accident."
(example of being late).
TECHNIQUES OF THERAPY
•OPENING PHASE (FREE ASSOCIATION): The
analyst hardly ever says anythingexcept to make an “interpretation” (i.e., the unconscious motives behind youractions or thoughts are pointed out to you). There are no excuses for missing asession, and payment is required whether you attend the session or not.
. . . andthis goes on for several years.
•CATHARSIS•DREAM ANALYSIS•ANALYSIS OF TRANSFERENCE•ANALYSIS OF RESISTANCE•Interpretation
Structural Model of Personality:(id, ego, superego)The Divisions of MIND: consiuoness, pre-conscious, and unconsciousness.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy:
The use of cognitions to modify behavior