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uda-1 4

uda-1 4

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Published by nguoinhen04

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Published by: nguoinhen04 on Aug 27, 2008
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 Page 1
UDA 1.4 Quick Start –Deploying ESX 3.x.x with F12 on thekeyboardDocument Version 1.2By Mike Laverick©ultimatedeployment.org andRTFM Education For Errors/Corrections in this documentplease contact:mikelaverick@rtfm-ed.co.uk
This guide does change. Have you got thelatest copy?
Parts of this guide will be reproduced in the forthcoming book by Scott Herold,Mike Laverick and Ron Oglesby. This section will be included in the Chapterentitled “ESX on the Command-Line”. In addition to discussing scriptedinstallations it also covers esxcfg commands and the post scripting in kickstartfiles. So essentially this is a “getting started” document for the UDA. Don’t worryit will be properly proof-read for spelling errors, typos and missing words before itgets anywhere near the published book.
Change Log: from document version 1.1 to 1.2
Removed a false reference that stated it wasn’t possible to set VMotion viathe command-line. I’ve since discovered a method
Added page numbering
 Page 2
Added a way of disabling the DHCP service on the UDA, and enabling it ona Windows DHCP server instead
 Page 3
Scripted Installation of ESX 
There are many reasons to automate the installation of ESX. Firstly, if you’reinstalling to blades using CDs can be a challenge. Secondly, automated installsguarantee consistency; this is especially useful if you have datacenter policies forpartitioning and for ensuring consistently named port groups which are requiredfor VMotion, DRS and HA. Lastly, automating the ESX install will allow you toquickly rebuild a system if you are in a DR scenario.There are many ways of automating the installation of ESX. ESX uses the “Anaconda” installer popular with many Linux distributions – and it can beautomated with a configuration file containing “kickstart” (KS) commands. Theautomated install can use the source code via the physical CD-ROM, Floppy bootdisk or remotely by FTP, NFS, or Pre-Execution Environment (PXE). I’ve decidedto put the emphasis on PXE booting because in my experience people doingautomated deployments often desire “diskless” installation where neither CD orfloppy media is required – and wish to build an environment where the operatormerely has to select from a menu the build they wish to deploy.Another way of approaching this is to use your hardware vendor’s ESXdeployment tools such as IBM RDM or HP RDP. For those people with HPhardware an excellent site which covers the usage of HP RDP for ESX 2.x and 3.xis:http://www.brianshouse.net/hp/ We will use a popular PXE virtual appliance downloadable from the internet. Thiswill save you considerable time configuring in a Linux environment all theappropriate services and files required to set up a PXE boot server. I initiallybegan to use the Ultimate Deployment Appliance v1.3 (UDA) as PXE server for anumber of reasons. Firstly, it is very small to download. Secondly, it offers away of serving up the files from the ESX ISO without manually copying the ESXserver source files. Thirdly, it has an easy to use GUI which allows you toreconfigure the appliance with little Linux knowledge. Lastly, although theappliance is not geared up to work with ESX 3, with a few modifications it can bere-engineered to do so – and it can also be used to deploy a whole range of otheroperating systems including Windows, Linux (Fedora, Ubuntu, Suse) and SolarisX86. UDA was built to run on “free” virtualization with either VMware Server orVMware Workstation and a Windows server is needed to host the ISO files.At first I used ESX’s own web-based wizard to generate a “base” kickstart.cfg filewhich we can modify with additional parameters to customize your installation.After working with UDA 1.3 for sometime I contacted its creator - Carl Thijssenwho is based in the Netherlands. After some discussions I was able to persuadeCarl to extend the UDA to include ESX specific options. UDA 1.4 has now beenreleased. Carl is in the process of creating a permanent home for VMwareWorkstation version of the UDA on the internet athttp://www.ultimatedeployment.org The VMware Workstation version contains all files required to get up and runningincluding the .vmx, nvram, and vmdk files.Additionally, a VMware ESX version is hosted on RTFM Education. There RTFMEducation version contains sample scripts which outline the post-configuration

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