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Design of Yagi Uda With Iron Rod at 2ghz

Design of Yagi Uda With Iron Rod at 2ghz

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Published by Prashant Sharma
About Yagi antenna
About Yagi antenna

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Published by: Prashant Sharma on Mar 22, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/07/2013

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DESIGN OF YAGI UDA ANTENNA USING DIFFERENT SHAPES OFIRON ROD AS ANTENNA ELEMENT AT 2GHz
Gulshan Sharma, Ashish Duvey, Manish Jain and P.K. SinghalDepartment of Electronics, Madhav institute of Technology & Science, Gwalior-
474009
my_sharma@yahoo.co.in, pks_65@yahoo.com
Abstract
:
In this paper,5-element yagi- udaantenna is designed for the frequency 2GHz usingdifferent shapes of iron rod as antenna element.Return loss of the designed antennas have beencompared also shown in paper.
Keywords:
Yagi-uda antenna (with 5-elementusing different shapes of iron road), spectrumanalyzer FS-135,SWR bridge.
1.Introduction
:
A yagi-uda antenna commonly known simply as ayagi antenna or yagi, is a directional antenna systemconsisting of an array of a dipole and additionalclosely coupled parasitic element(usually a reflector and one or more directors).The dipole in the array isdriven, and another element, typically 5 % longer ,effectively operates as a reflector. Other parasiticelement shorter than the dipole may be added in frontof the dipole and are referred to as directors. Thisarrangement increases antenna directionality and gain.That’s why sometimes it referred to as directionalantenna system. A yagi–uda antenna is a widely usedantenna design due to its high forward gaincapability, low cost and ease of construction. It iscommonly used as a roof top television receiver.As discussed above it has the parasitic element, sothe function of the parasitic element is to improve theradiation pattern in the forward direction. Thereflector is placed behind the dipole and is slightlylonger, it provides 3db of additional forward gain buthaving more than one reflector has little benefit[1].The parasitic element provide forward gain byredistributing the energy of the EM signal generatedby the dipole.
2. Antenna design
:
There no simple formulas for designing yagi-udaantenna due to the non-linear relationships betweenphysical parameter such as element length, diameter and position and electrical characteristics such asinput impedance and gain, but performance can beestimated by computer simulation.For a particular operating frequency a typical designwould be shown in table 1. The number of elementused in the antenna depends on the gain which wehave to achieve. So that’s why we have to attachmore element and kept low separation betweenelements to achieve high gain.Table 1. Length of dipoles and separation betweenthem.
 
Fig 1- Geometrical design of yagi antennaElement Length SeparationReflector 0.55
λ 
0.1
λ 
Driver 0.45
λ or λ/2
0.1
λ 
Director 0.45
λ 
0.1
λ 
 
By using above geometrical formulas we havederived two yagi antennas using different shapes of metal road as antenna element. The typical crosssectional view is shown in figure 2(a) and figure 2(b).Fig 2(a)-Yagi antenna using cylindrical iron rod asantenna element.Fig 2(b)-Yagi antenna using square iron rod asantenna element.
3.Measurement and result:
In this research,we have used FS 315 spectrum analyzer to measurereturn loss of yagi antenna. We put the center frequency 2GHz in spectrum analyzer and get thereturn loss Vs frequency graphs as shown in fig 4, fig5 and fig6. The typical setup for measurement byspectrum analyzer (FS-315) shown in fig 3.Fig 3-Setup for measurement return loss by spectrumanalyzer for yagi uda antenna.
 
Fig 4. Variation of return loss with frequency of yagi antenna with square metal rod. 

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