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ARITHMETICS

# ARITHMETICS

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08/15/2013

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CONTENTS
2:.
...---p
rofit
&
Loss
,3.
RatioandProportion
4.
Partnerships
problems~s.
Average~
5
'"
11.
Streams
12.ChainRu:le13.TlmeandWork
.
~.
/~
14.
Areas"p.
~15.VolumesandSurfaceAreas
e
....
-;,-.
a'~I.t...,,-~
...I'·'~"
t.
1-
1-10
11-,2021-27
8-31
32-35
I
36-38
,I
.,
3944-
45-51
52..;;7
58..62
63~65
66-6:8
69'..74
75..80
...

\
PERCENTAGES,
-
INTR·O,DUCTION
.
.
Percentmeans
the
result
for
everyhundred.Thesymbol
%
canbereplacedbyaIractlonwhosedenominatoris100..
1.
Ravigot
60%
of
marks
ill
El1gHshexamoutof
60
90means,hescored-x
90
=
·54marks
100
Percentage,canbeexpressedeitherin
the
form
ofa
fraction
or
in
theformofa
d.ecimat
as
fonows:
369
36.
36%:::::-:=-
or
·~=O.36
10025
100
Someusefulfraotionsare:
2
0
m
201
,-/O~-=-
1005
33'1
tr/._
100."1_
-70-~X-
33100
1620/0=50
X__
l_=!
3-31006220012
66-%=-x~=-
331003
1
.1':,
.;....=
-xIOO::50%
22
t
If).21-
-=-xlvO=:l
'--%
88,2
-
FORMULA
xiswhat
%
of~
x
·~xl00
y
---
EXAMPLES
Ex:1)a}28iswhatp,ercentageof112
'1
Ex:2)
a)
8QD/o
ef
70
+
40%
of
90
=
?
Sol:
(I:
X70}(
I:x90)
=·56
+
se
=92
b)25%
of
96
+
75%0"
48
==
?
Sol:
(:X96
}(!X4s1=
24+36;,=
eo
Ex:3),
a)
30
-percent
ofa
number
is
120.WhatIs
40rQ_
ofthe.
number
?
.-'
Sol:
an
---Xx,=:120~
x:;;;:
400
100.._.
40
-,40%
of
v
=
~x400:=160
d.~
IQO
0.6,=0.6
x
100=60%0.75
=
0,.75
x
100=75%
__...-_,~~_~,_~.....-;......._._~__-__~iIIiiiiiioooo_~_I_
,(fM)
C..
eativ.e
L~arninn,
In~.i+..
t....,
Ii.........--.........--~.-"-
III_~-.-·-.-_.__.....

b)20%
ofa
number
is
60.,What
is
15%
of
the
Sol:
20x"~:60=>x=300
100
15..
:.15%
ot
x
==
~x300:=45
100.
Ex:4)32<'/0·ofa
numberexceeds12%ofthe
same
by80.
Whatisthenumbe.r
?
Sol:32%ofx-12%ofx
=:
80
20
x
,;;:::8'O
~20%
ofx==
80
=>
100.
:.x:::
400
I
If'anumberincreases
by
10%of
it,.it
becomes110%
ofitself.
t
Simi'larly,
lif
anumberdecrease,s
by
10%
of
it,it
becomes90%ofitself.x:
5}A
numberwhenincreases
by
20%of
i't,
giv·es
84.What
isthe
number?
01:
120
x
+
20%
ofx
=
84
:::::;>
+:':
x
100
:.x
=
70
(:.6)
.:x
=
50'0
:7)If30%,
of
a
number,
Is
result·
isthenumberltself,Whatis
the,
number
?
I:30%
ofx
+
84
==
X'
70
x-
30%
ofx;:
84~
100
x
==
84
r.
x
=
120
FORMULArf
aquantityis
tn.crease"d,thepercentageofincrease
.
Increase
=-
xlOO
initial
value
Similarly,
if
aquantityisdecreased;then.
percentageofdecr'ease
decrease
_--xlOO
-initialvalue.
Ex:10)Thepriceofabook'isincreasedfrom
,300
to
Rs.312.
Wha·tisthe
percentage
lnerease
in
its
rice?.
OO~4%
,
Sol:
1\$
"
1'f1\$*,t
't"'{
Ex:
t1!Jt7pH~
numb~.~fstudentsinasc
~.de~sedto'160from.20Q.
What
is
"I'..
,ntage,of
decreaseinthenumber
,'lents?
_40
Decrease
%,
=
~-xl00=20%
200
Ex:12)Theweight
0,1
a
bag
is60kg.Butin
hurry
it
Is
measured
as
,61_8kg.What
thepercentageoferrorinmeasuring
weight?
Sol:Error
(increase)
percentage
1..810
;;_·_x'
0=30/0
60.
Ex:1'3)Inaschoolof400students48'%ofstudentsfailed
in
theexam,Whatis..
numberotstudentspassedtheexam?
Sol;
48%ofstudentsfailed
=}
5?%
ofthestudents
passed
theexam
\
52400
52%of400
=
-X.''.
.-'100
=
20Sstudents
passedtheexam