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Solution of Book Answers 2nd Physics

Solution of Book Answers 2nd Physics

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Published by: asifrasheedgc on Mar 22, 2011
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11/08/2012

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SOLUTION OF BOOK QUESTIONS 2 
nd
YEAR PHYSICS 
CHAPTER # 12
Q#1
 
The potential is constant throughout a given region of space .isthe electric field is zero or non zero in this region?
Ans#1:
Electric field E and potential difference are related by equation,
E =
-
∆ v/∆ r
When the potential is taken as constant which means v= constant then thepotential difference becomes zero
∆ v=0
so,
E =0/r E = 0
This relation tells that electric field is zero in a region of where thepotential is constant
Q#2:
 
Suppose that you follow an electric field line due to a positivepoint charge .do electric field and the potential increases or decreases?
Ans#2:
Relation for the electric field and and electric potential are
E= 1/4π
 
ε
0
x q/
r
2
and
v=
1/4π
ε
0
x q/
 
r
this gives for same charge
E
 
α
 
1/
 
r
2
 
1/
 
r
 When we follow electric field line due to positive charge, distance frompositive charge increases which cases to decrease electric field andpotential.
Q#3:How can you identify that which plate of a capacitor is positivelycharged?Ans#3:
When a freely suspende`d positively charged gold leaf of electroscope is 8brought near to one of the plates of capacitor thedivergence to gold leaf shows that the plate of the capacitor is positivelycharge d otherwise negatively charged..
Q#4:
Prepared By:
 
Asif Rasheed BS(Hons) PhysicsContact#
 
0344-7846394,0323-7690026 
1
 
SOLUTION OF BOOK QUESTIONS 2 
nd
YEAR PHYSICS 
Describe the force or forces on a positive point charge whenplaced between parallel plates,
(a)
With similar and equal charges.(b) With opposite and equal charges.Ans#4:
The electric force F on a charge q due to eclectic field E is given by
F= qE
(A) When a positive point charge is placed between parallel plates withsimilar and equal charges. it will experience no electric force becauseelectric field between the plate is zero
. F=qEF=q(0) =0
F=0
(B) When a positive pint charge is placed between the plates of theScapacitor it will experience electric force ,
F=qE S 
Due to electric field set up from positive to negative .
Q#5:Electric lines of forces never cross each other. Why?Ans#5:
No, two electric lines of forces never cross each other because “E”only one direction at a given point .if two lines cross each other then therewill be more directions at a point which is impossible.
 Q#6:If appoint charge q of mass m is released in a non uniformelectric field with field lines pointing in the same direction, will it makea rectilinear motion?Ans#6:
Motion along a straight line is called rectilinear motion when acharge “q” of mass “m” is released in a non uniform electric field. It willnot move in a straight line and adopts irregular path due to variable electricfield.
Prepared By:
 
Asif Rasheed BS(Hons) PhysicsContact#
 
0344-7846394,0323-7690026 
2
 
SOLUTION OF BOOK QUESTIONS 2 
nd
YEAR PHYSICS 
Q#7:Is E necessarily zero inside a charged rubber balloon if balloon isspherical? Assume that charge is distributed uniformly over thesurface ?Ans#7:
Yes E is necessarily zero inside a charged rubber balloon if balloonis spherical and enclosed no charge but chage is distributed uniformly over its surface. According to Gauss’s law.
Ф
e
 
=q/ε
0
=0/
ε
0
=0
 
 
Ф
e
= 0 --------1
From definition,
Ф
e
= E.A--------2 
Putting equation 1 in eq 2
0= E.A A # 0 so
,
E=0Q#8:Is it true that Gauss’s law states that the total number of lines of forces crossing any closed surface in the outward direction isproportional to the net positive charge enclosed within surface?Ans#8:
Yes, it is true that total no of lines of forces crossing any closedsurface in outward direction proportional to the net positive chargeaccording with surface in the outward direction proportional to the netpositive charge enclosed with in the surface .According to Gauss’s law,
Ф
e
 
=q/ε
0
 
= constant x q
 
Ф
e
α q
here
q
 
= net positive charge . 
Ф
e
=
no of electric lines of forceHence no of electric lines of forces are proportional to net positive charge
Q#9:Do electrons tend to go to region of high potential or of lowpotential?Ans#9:
Prepared By:
 
Asif Rasheed BS(Hons) PhysicsContact#
 
0344-7846394,0323-7690026 
3

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