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Ghandi an Autobiography

Ghandi an Autobiography

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Published by cessch
autobiography of Ghandi
autobiography of Ghandi

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Published by: cessch on Mar 22, 2011
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07/17/2014

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 AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY:
 
THE STORY OF MY EXPERIMENTS WITH TRUTH 
 
 by Mohandas K. Gandhi
 
INTRODUCTION Four or five years ago, at the instance of some of my nearest co-workers, I agreed to write my autoiogra!hy" I made the start, ut scarce#y had I turned over the first sheet when riots roke out in $omayand the work remained at a standsti##" Then fo##owed a series of events which cu#minated in my im!risonment at %eravda" &'t" (eramdas, who was one of my fe##ow-!risoners there, asked me to !ut everything e#se on one side and finish writing the autoiogra!hy" I re!#ied that I had a#ready framed a !rogramme of study for myse#f, and that I cou#d not think of doing anything e#se unti# this course was com!#ete" I shou#d indeed have finished the autoiogra!hy had I gone through my fu## term of im!risonment at %eravda, for there was sti## a year #eft to com!#ete the task, when I was discharged" &wami )nand has now re!eated the !ro!osa#, and as I have finished the history of &atyagraha in &outh )frica, I am tem!ted to undertake the autoiogra!hy for Nava'ivan" The &wami wanted meto write it se!arate#y for !u#ication as a ook" $ut I have no s!are time" I cou#d on#y write a cha!ter week y week" &omething has to e written for Nava'ivan every week" *hy shou#d it not e the autoiogra!hy+The &wami agreed to the !ro!osa#, and here am I hard at work" $ut a od-fearing friend had his douts, which he shared with me on my day of si#ence" *hat has set you on this adventure+ he asked" *riting an autoiogra!hy is a !ractice !ecu#iar to the west" I know of noody in the .ast having written one, e/ce!t amongst those who have comeunder *estern inf#uence" )nd what wi## you write+ &u!!osing you re'ect tomorrow the things you ho#d as !rinci!#es today, or su!!osing you revisein the future your !#ans of today, is it not #ike#y that the men who sha!e their conduct on the authority of your word, s!oken or written, maye mis#ed" Dont you think it wou#d e etter not to write anything #ike an autoiogra!hy, at any rate 'ust yet+ This argument had some effect on me" $ut it is not my !ur!ose to attem!t a rea# autoiogra!hy" I sim!#y want to te## the story of my numerous e/!eriments with truth, and as my #ife consists of nothing ut those e/!eriments, it is true that the story wi## take the sha!e of an autoiogra!hy" $ut I sha## not mind, if every !age of it s!eaks on#y of my e/!eriments" I e#ieve, or at any rate f#atter myse#f with the e#ief,that a connected account of a## these e/!eriments wi## not e without enefit to the reader" 0y e/!eriments in the !o#itica# fie#d are now known, not on#y in India, ut to a certain e/tent to the civi#i1ed wor#d" For me, they have not much va#ue2 and the tit#e of 0ahatma that they have won for me has, therefore, even #ess" Often the tit#e has
 
dee!#y !ained me2 and there is not a moment I can reca## when it may e said to have tick#ed me" $ut I shou#d certain#y #ike to narrate my e/!eriments in the s!iritua# fie#d which are known on#y to myse#f, and from which I have derived such !ower as I !osses for working in the !o#itica# fie#d" If the e/!eriments are rea##y s!iritua#, then there can e no room for se#f-!raise" They can on#y add to my humi#ity" The more I ref#ect and #ook ack on the !ast, the more vivid#y do I fee# my #imitations" *hat I want to achieve,3what I have een striving and !ining to achieve these thirty years3is se#f-rea#i1ation, to see od face to face, to attain 0oksha"454 I #ive and move and have my eing in !ursuit of thisgoa#" )## that I do y way of s!eaking and writing, and a## my ventures in the !o#itica# fie#d, are directed to this same end" $ut as I have a## a#ong e#ieved that what is !ossi#e for one is !ossi#e for a##, my e/!eriments have not een conducted in the c#oset, ut in the o!en2 and Ido not think that this fact detracts from their s!iritua# va#ue" There are some things which are known on#y to onese#f and ones 0aker" These are c#ear#y incommunica#e" The e/!eriments I am aout to re#ate are not such" $ut they are s!iritua# or rather mora#2 for the essence of re#igionis mora#ity" On#y those matters of re#igion that can e com!rehended as much y chi#dren as y o#der !eo!#e, wi## e inc#uded in this story" If I can narrate them in a dis!assionate and hum#e s!irit, many other e/!erimenters wi## find in them !rovision for their onward march" Far e it from me to c#aim any degree of !erfection for these e/!eriments" I c#aim for them nothing more than does a scientist who, though he conductshis e/!eriments with the utmost accuracy, forethought and minuteness, never c#aims any fina#ity aout his conc#usions, ut kee!s an o!en mind regarding them" I have gone through dee! se#f-intros!ection, searched myse#f through and through, and e/amined and ana#ysed every !sycho#ogica#situation" %et I am far from c#aiming any fina#ity or infa##ii#ity aoutmy conc#usions" One c#aim I do indeed make and it is this" For me they a!!ear to e aso#ute#y correct, and seem for the time eing to e fina#"For if they were not, I shou#d ase no action on them" $ut at every ste! I have carried out the !rocess of acce!tance or re'ection and acted according#y" )nd so #ong as my acts satisfy my reason and my heart, I must firm#y adhere to my origina# conc#usions" If I had on#y to discuss academic !rinci!#es" I shou#d c#ear#y not attem!t an autoiogra!hy" $ut my !ur!ose eing to give an account of various !ractica# a!!#ications of these !rinci!#es, I have given the cha!ters I !ro!ose to write the tit#e of The &tory of 0y ./!eriments withTruth" These wi## of course inc#ude e/!eriments with non-vio#ence, ce#iacy and other !rinci!#es of conduct e#ieved to e distinct from truth" $ut for me, truth is the sovereign !rinci!#e, which inc#udes numerous other !rinci!#es" This truth is not on#y truthfu#ness in word, ut truthfu#ness in thought a#so, and not on#y the re#ative truth of our conce!tion, ut the )so#ute Truth, the .terna# 6rinci!#e, that is od" There are innumera#e definitions of od, ecause 7is manifestations are

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