Modal split: 37% bicycle, 22% public transport, 41% car (1990: 30% - 27% -43%)
75% of all Amsterdammers (> 12 years) own a bicycle
50% of all Amsterdammers (> 12 years) cycle daily
Bicycles are used for commuting to work, shopping, school etc.
Majority of Amsterdam cyclists: 25 – 55 years old; well-educated; higherincomeThese statistics have changed very little since 1980. The number of journeys made bybicycle is greatest in the city centre and in the pre-war districts. Although the policyadopted has certainly contributed to the renewed popularity of the bicycle in the city,there remain a number of problems. These include:-
too few storage/parking facilities;-
the nuisance caused by bicycles parked in public areas (including the eyesorefactor);-
low use of the bicycle among the ethnic minorities;-
too much time spent waiting at traffic lights;-
lack of road safety.The main objective of the City's traffic and transport policy is to improve accessibility andthe quality of life in Amsterdam.Amsterdam will follow a number of spearheads with regard to cycling policy, boilingdown to:
Encouraging switching from car to bicycle.
The City wishes to restrict all unnecessary traffic. The bicycle should be used morefrequently than the car for all short distances, that is to say five to ten kilometers. Notonly will this result in less environmental impact, it will also aid the flow of throughtraffic and will safeguard accessibility for essential traffic such as goods transport.Appropriate measures are to be taken, including the completion, improvement andexpansion of the Main Bicycle Network, and the construction of a second 'Core BicycleNetwork'.This new network will be different from the first in that it will provide fast routes formedium-distance journeys (minimum of seven kilometers) on which the cyclist haspriority. For example, cyclists will have right of way at traffic lights, guaranteeingefficient through flow.It also aims to improve the air quality in Amsterdam, since it will replace car trips bymodes of transport that do not have emission, and by replacing car lanes by ‘NonEmission Lanes’.This emission free network will be different from the existing networks for car,public transport end bicycles. It will provide fast free-flow routes for short and