Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
44Activity

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
AgTeknolojilerineGiris_cbakan_2

AgTeknolojilerineGiris_cbakan_2

Ratings:

5.0

(1)
|Views: 5,850|Likes:
Published by Emre Köprülü

More info:

Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Emre Köprülü on Mar 23, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/06/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 1
 
 A
Ğ 
 TEKNOLOJ 
 İ 
LER
 İ 
NE 
 İ 
R
 İŞ 
 
Hulusi TURGUT
2004
 
 2
İ
Ç
İ
NDEK
İ
LER 
 
ÖNSÖZ........................................................................................................................5
 
ÜN
İ
TE 1 – OSI REFERANS MODEL
İ
VE KATMANLI
İ
LET
İŞİ
M.................................................9
 
1.1
 
H
İ
YERAR 
Şİ
K A
Ğ
MODEL
İ
.................................................................................9
 
1.2
 
(OPEN SYSTEMS INTERCONNECTION) OSI MODEL
İ
.......................................10
 
1.3
 
N
İ
Ç
İ
N KATMANLI A
Ğ
MODEL
İ
?
.....................................................................11
 
1.4
 
7 KATMANLI OSI MODEL
İ
..............................................................................11
 
1.4.1.
 
Katman 7 – Uygulama Katman
ı
(Application Layer)
...............................11
 
1.4.2.
 
Katman 6 – Sunum Katman
ı
(Presentation Layer)
.................................12
 
1.4.3.
 
Katman 5 – Oturum Katman
ı
(Session Layer)
........................................12
 
1.4.4.
 
Katman 4 – Nakil Katman
ı
(Transport Layer)
........................................12
 
1.4.5.
 
Katman 3 – A
ğ
Katman
ı
(Network Layer)
..............................................12
 
1.4.6.
 
Katman 2 – Data Link Katman
ı
(Data Link Layer)
..................................13
 
1.4.7.
 
Katman 1 – Fiziksel Katman (Physical Layer)
........................................13
 
1.5.
 
KATMANLAR ARASI
İ
LET
İŞİ
M VE DATA KAPSÜLLENMES
İ
............................14
 
(DATA ENCAPSULATION)
.......................................................................................14
 
1.6.
 
TCP/IP MODEL
İ
..........................................................................................15
 
1.6.1.
 
Katman 4 – Uygulama Katman
ı
(Application Layer)
..............................15
 
1.6.2.
 
Katman 3 – Nakil Katman
ı
(Transport Layer)
........................................15
 
1.6.3.
 
Katman 2 – Internet Katman
ı
(Internet Layer)
.....................................15
 
1.6.4.
 
Katman 1 – A
ğ
Giri
ş
Katman
ı
(Network Access Layer)
...........................16
 
ÜN
İ
TE 2 – LOKAL A
Ğ
LAR..............................................................................................17
 
2.1.
 
TOPOLOJ
İ
LER 
.............................................................................................17
 
2.1.1. Fiziksel Topolojiler
.............................................................................17
 
2.1.2.
 
Mant
ı
ksal Topolojiler
.............................................................................19
 
2.2. LOKAL A
Ğ
TRANSM
İ
SYONLARI (LAN TRANSMISSIONS)
.............................19
 
2.3. LOKAL A
Ğ
C
İ
HAZLARI
................................................................................19
 
2.3.1.
 
A
ğ
Arayüz Kart
ı
(Network Interface Card-NIC)
.....................................19
 
2.3.2.
 
Dönü
ş
türücü (Transceiver)
...................................................................19
 
2.3.3.
 
Tekrarlay
ı
c
ı
lar (Repeaters)
...................................................................20
 
2.3.4.
 
Hublar (Hubs)
.......................................................................................20
 
2.3.5.
 
Köprüler (Bridges)
................................................................................20
 
2.3.6.
 
Anahtarlar (Switches)
...........................................................................20
 
2.3.7.
 
Yönlendiriciler (Routers)
......................................................................21
 
ÜN
İ
TE 3 ALT KATMANLAR..........................................................................................23
 
3.1.
 
İ
LET
İŞİ
M S
İ
STEMLER 
İ
NDE TEMEL S
İ
NYALLER VE GÜRÜLTÜ
........................23
 
3.1.1.
 
Analog ve Dijital Sinyaller
.....................................................................23
 
3.2.
 
LOKAL A
Ğ
KABLO ÇE
Şİ
TLER 
İ
......................................................................26
 
3.2.1.
 
Korunmal
ı
Çift Bükümlü Kablo (Shielded Twisted Pair-STP)
..................26
 
3.2.2.
 
Korunmas
ı
z Çift Bükümlü Kablo (Unshielded Twisted Pair-UTP)
............26
 
3.2.3.
 
Koaksiyel Kablo (Coaxial Cable)
............................................................26
 
3.2.4.
 
Fiber Optik Kablo (Optical Fiber)
...........................................................26
 
3.3.
 
ÇARPI
Ş
MA ETK
İ
ALANLARI
.........................................................................27
 
3.4.
 
DATA-L
İ
NK KATMANININ ALT KATMANLARI
...............................................29
 
3.5.
 
DATA-L
İ
NK KATMANI PROTOKOLLER 
İ
N
İ
N FONKS
İ
YONLARI
.......................30
 
3.6.
 
HEKSADES
İ
MAL SAYILAR (HEXADECIMAL NUMBERS)
.................................32
 
3.7.
 
MAC ADRES
İ
(MAC ADDRESSING)
...............................................................33
 
3.8.
 
PAKETLER 
İ
N FRAME YAPIYA DÖNÜ
Ş
TÜRÜLMES
İ
(FRAMING)
......................34
 
3.9.
 
LOKAL A
Ğ
TEKNOLOJ
İ
LER 
İ
.........................................................................34
 
3.9.1.
 
Token-Ring ve IEEE 802.5
.....................................................................34
 
3.9.2.
 
Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI)
................................................37
 
 
 3
3.9.3.
 
Copper Distributed Data Interface (CDDI)
.............................................43
 
3.9.4.
 
Ethernet Teknolojileri
...........................................................................43
 
3.9.5.
 
A
ğ
Dizayn Prosedürü
.............................................................................53
 
3.9.6.
 
Ana Da
ğ
ı
t
ı
m Merkezi (Main Distribution Facility-MDF) ve Ara Da
ğ
ı
t
ı
mMerkezi (Intermediate Distribution Facility-IDF)
................................................54
 
3.9.7.
 
Topraklama
...........................................................................................56
 
3.9.8.
 
Kesintisiz Güç Kayna
ğ
ı
(Uninterruptible Power Supplies-UPS)
..............56
 
3.9.9.
 
A
ğ
Kurulumunda
İş
Ak
ı
ş
ı
.......................................................................57
 
3.9.10.
 
UTP Kablo Ba
ğ
lant
ı
Çe
ş
itleri
...............................................................58
 
ÜN
İ
TE 4 ÜST KATMANLAR.........................................................................................60
 
4.1.
 
A
Ğ
KATMANI
..............................................................................................60
 
4.2.
 
TRANSPORT KATMANI
................................................................................65
 
4.3.
 
OTURUM KATMANI
.....................................................................................69
 
4.4.
 
SUNUM KATMANI
.......................................................................................70
 
4.5.
 
UYGULAMA KATMANI
.................................................................................71
 
ÜN
İ
TE 5 CISCO IOS..................................................................................................73
 
5.1. YÖNLEND
İ
İ
C
İ
PARÇALARI
............................................................................73
 
5.2. IOS KOMUT SATIRI (COMMAND LINE INTERFACE-CLI)
...................................73
 
5.3. SYSLOG MESAJLARI
........................................................................................79
 
5.4. YÖNLEND
İ
İ
C
İ
KONF
İ
GÜRASYONU
................................................................79
 
5.5. KONF
İ
GÜRASYON DOSYASI YÖNET
İ
M
İ
...........................................................82
 
5.6. BA
Ş
LANGIÇ KONF
İ
GÜRASYONU (SETUP MOD)
................................................83
 
5.7. CISCO DISCOVERY PROTOCOL (CDP)
..............................................................86
 
5.8. IOS DOSYASI YÖNET
İ
M
İ
.................................................................................88
 
ÜN
İ
TE 6 – KÖPRÜLEME VE ANAHTARLAMA......................................................................93
 
6.1. KÖPRÜLEME
...................................................................................................93
 
6.2. ANAHTARLAMA
...............................................................................................96
 
6.2.1. Anahtarlama Metotlar
ı
..............................................................................97
 
6.3. UZATILMI
Ş
A
Ğ
AÇ PROTOKOLÜ (SPANN
İ
NG TREE PROTOCOL-STP)
..................98
 
6.3.1. Uzat
ı
lm
ı
ş
A
ğ
aç Protokolü Çal
ı
ş
ma Sistemi
.................................................99
 
6.3.2. Uzat
ı
lm
ı
ş
A
ğ
aç Topolojisi Olu
ş
turma
........................................................100
 
6.3.3. A
ğ
Topolojisindeki De
ğ
i
ş
iklikler
...............................................................102
 
6.4. SANAL LOKAL A
Ğ
LAR (Virtual LANs)
..............................................................103
 
6.4.1. Sanal Lokal A
ğ
Uygulama Çe
ş
itleri
...........................................................106
 
6.4.2. Frame Etiketleme (Frame Tagging)
..........................................................106
 
6.5. ANAHTAR KONF
İ
GÜRASYONU
........................................................................109
 
6.5.1. Temel IP Konfigürasyonu
.........................................................................109
 
6.5.2. MAC Adres Tablosu
..................................................................................111
 
6.5.3. Dosya Yönetimi
........................................................................................113
 
6.5.4. Sanal Lokal A
ğ
Konfigürasyonu
................................................................114
 
6.5.5. VLAN Trunking Protokol-VTP
....................................................................118
 
6.5.6. VTP Budama (VTP Pruning)
.....................................................................119
 
6.5.7. VTP Konfigürasyonu
.................................................................................119
 
ÜN
İ
TE 7 – TCP/IP PROTOKOLLER
İ
................................................................................122
 
7.1. TRANM
İ
SYON KONTROL PROTOKOLÜ (TRANSM
İ
SS
İ
ON CONTROL PROTOCOL-TCP)
.....................................................................................................................122
 
7.1.1. Data Transferi
..........................................................................................123
 
7.1.2. Multiplexing
.............................................................................................124
 
7.1.3. Hata Telafisi
............................................................................................124
 
7.1.4. Pencereleme ile Ak
ı
ş
Kontrolü
..................................................................125
 
7.2. KULLANICI DATAGRAM PROTOKOLÜ (USER DATAGRAM PROTOCOL-UDP)
......126
 
7.3. ADRES ÇÖZÜMLEME PROTOKOLÜ (ADDRESS RESOLUT
İ
ON PROTOCOL-ARP)
..126
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->