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Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-VOL024

Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-VOL024

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Published by tij15
This are the volumes form the revised - erroneous - version of the CWMG as published on the CD-Rom "Mahatma Gandhi - Interactive Multimedia - Electronic Book" in 1999. Page and volume nos. are not identical with the original print version of the 1960's-1990's. The content of this CWMG version is to be credited as "The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (Electronic Book), New Delhi, Publications Division Government of India, 1999, 98 volumes"
Vol 024-July 22, 1921 - October 25, 1921
This are the volumes form the revised - erroneous - version of the CWMG as published on the CD-Rom "Mahatma Gandhi - Interactive Multimedia - Electronic Book" in 1999. Page and volume nos. are not identical with the original print version of the 1960's-1990's. The content of this CWMG version is to be credited as "The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (Electronic Book), New Delhi, Publications Division Government of India, 1999, 98 volumes"
Vol 024-July 22, 1921 - October 25, 1921

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Published by: tij15 on Mar 23, 2011
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09/06/2011

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VOL. 24 : 22 JULY, 1921 - 25 OCTOBER, 1921
1
1. SPEECH ON SWADESHI, BOMBAY 
1
July 22, 1921
Mahatma Gandhi, who, on rising to speak, received an ovation, said that hehad been addressing men and women everywhere in the city and he thought he wouldnot be in a position to speak to them anything new on swadeshi. A gentleman hadcome to him from Lucknow who told him that something was going wrong in theUnited Provinces. A man had been incarcerated by Government for three days in avery dark cell for some trivial offence and was still in jail. The gentleman fromLucknow asked the speaker as to what a man in that position should do. He advisedhim to bear all hardships with patience. They should all create in their hearts thevirtue of patience. He was not sure whether that story told by the gentleman was trueor not, for it was very difficult to remain incarcerated for three days in a dark room. Of course, he had an experience of such an incident, because they had not forgotten asyet the cruelties perpetrated on Indians by foreigners in the Punjab. Therefore thestory related to him might be true.He would again tell them that, if they did not understand their duty towards thecountry, they were not then right in asking for freedom. He was going to speak tothem on swadeshi that night. There were other stories related to him by someone thatthere were three persons arrested by Government. One of them was a Congress Secre-tary who on being arrested by Government apologized to the Government and theremaining two also apologized. They (the three men) had now given up the nationalcause and were remaining aloof from the movement. They should feel ashamed of such action. He would appeal to those present to be fearless as far as possible, forwhen their object was laudable, why should they care for the Government? If theywere not willing to undergo hardships and troubles they should give up the movementat this stage. He, therefore, appealed to every man and women present in the hall tobe ready for
dukha
(pain) at any time for the sake of their country.The had opened a depot for foreign-made clothes, where they could send theirclothes without any hesitation. If they did not succeed in boycotting foreign clothby 31st July they would be put to great shame in the eyes of their fellow men and inthe eyes of the world at large.The Mahatma asked whether they had made any preparations for the 1stof August. There was no shame at all in sending away their clothes to thatdepot for foreign-made clothes. Some
bahens
(sisters) when asked to boycotttheir foreign made saris said that they were unwilling to do so. No doubt there were
1
 
Held under the auspices of the “O” Ward Congress Committee at the MorarjiGokuldas Hall, at 9 p.m.
 
2
THE COLLECTED WORKS OF MAHATMA GANDHIother women who were ever ready to wear the khadi dress. Whatever
pardeshi
(foreign) clothes a woman had at present, she should give them up in obedience to thecall of the nation. If men and women present at the meeting were not willing toboycott their foreign-made clothes, they had no right, no claim whatever to swaraj.Whatever he had got to say that night he had already said many times and hewould now ask those who were willing to do what he desired to raise their hands. Butbefore they raised their hands he must tell them that the so-called swadeshi clothmanufactured in mills should not at all be resorted to; for his advice to them was toavoid all machine-made cloth. The supreme virtue of khadi was that it was hand-spunand hand-woven.Bezwada khadi saris, the speaker said, were now not available in large stocksbut in their absence, they could very easily wear khadi saris and on the 1st of Augustthey would see many women wearing khadi saris. He would again tell them that therewas no shame at all in adopting that dress for it was their national dress. They shouldnot keep
nirasha
(pessimism) in their mind, but they should be courageous infighting the battle of Indian nationalism.He then asked those men and women willing to dress themselves on the 1st of August and thereafter in khadi to raise their hands. At that request nearly all presentin the hall raised their hands. Some women were found somewhat unwilling to raisetheir hands.The Mahatma again appealed to them to boycott foreign-made clothes andwear khaddar dress without any fear or favour. Still he would ask them not to be ledaway by any threats . . .Concluding, the Mahatma said he had nothing more to speak on the swadeshimovement, for he had been speaking constantly on the same theme for the last somany days. He had great faith in his countrymen and he therefore prayed to God thatthe great movement he had set on foot would bear good results in the end. (Prolongedcheers.)
The Bombay Chronicle
, 23-7-1921
 
VOL. 24 : 22 JULY, 1921 - 25 OCTOBER, 1921
3
2. SPEECH AT BOMBAY MEETING
1
July 23, 1921
Mahatma Gandhi said before he commenced the proceedings of the meeting, hewould read out a letter from Mr. Jayakar
2
who was laid up with fever and, therefore, hadexpressed his inability to attend the meeting and contribute his quota of tribute to thememory of the Lokamanya. He then requested Mr. Lalit to recite his song about thelate Lokamanya.In addressing the meeting, the Mahatma said that the work for which they hadgathered was sacred. They had a long programme that afternoon. He would not detainthem long.Mr. Tilak was not noted for making long speeches. He was noted for bravedeeds. The country loved him not for his oratory. It was possible to name some of his contemporaries who were better orators from the ornamental standpoint. He (Mr.Gandhi) therefore did not need to detain the audience with a long speech. He woulddraw their attention to some of the most marked qualities which made him the idol of the people, qualities which were so needed for the nation when it was making asupreme effort to obtain its emancipation during the year. The truest tribute theycould render to the memory of the deceased was by imitating his qualities and weavingthem into their own lives. One great quality that the country prized in the Lokamanyawas his fearlessness. It was so marked a quality in him that some even accused him of rudeness. We know that he never spared the bureaucracy. He therefore roused its ireand was accused of raising hatred against Englishmen. He knew however that if Mr.Tilak was unsparing in his criticism of the bureaucracy, he was ready to give praise toits members when it was merited. He remembered, during the last Calcutta session,which the deceased attended, Mr. Tilak presiding at a Hindi Sammelan. He wascoming from a strenuous discussion at the Congress session. But he was able todeliver a learned extempore speech at the Sammelan. He gave unstinted praise toEnglish scholars for their service to the vernaculars. He said that future historianswould acknowledge their service. That did not mean they had come to India for thepurpose of benefiting the vernaculars but he said it would be unjust not toacknowledge the debt India owed to the many Englishmen who had helped them to
1
 
Held at Empire Theatre, under the auspices of the Parsi Rajkiya Sabha.Marmaduke Pickthall, Mahomed Ali and Sarojini Naidu were among those present. Anumber of ladies in the audience, including Perin Captain, grand-daughter of DadabhaiNaoroji, were dressed in khadi. Money raised on admission to the function was setaside as help for the best biography of Tilak.
2
 
M. R. Jayakar (1873-1959); Bombay lawyer and liberal leader, politicalnegotiator and peace-maker

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