VOL. 24 : 22 JULY, 1921 - 25 OCTOBER, 1921
1. SPEECH ON SWADESHI, BOMBAY
July 22, 1921
Mahatma Gandhi, who, on rising to speak, received an ovation, said that hehad been addressing men and women everywhere in the city and he thought he wouldnot be in a position to speak to them anything new on swadeshi. A gentleman hadcome to him from Lucknow who told him that something was going wrong in theUnited Provinces. A man had been incarcerated by Government for three days in avery dark cell for some trivial offence and was still in jail. The gentleman fromLucknow asked the speaker as to what a man in that position should do. He advisedhim to bear all hardships with patience. They should all create in their hearts thevirtue of patience. He was not sure whether that story told by the gentleman was trueor not, for it was very difficult to remain incarcerated for three days in a dark room. Of course, he had an experience of such an incident, because they had not forgotten asyet the cruelties perpetrated on Indians by foreigners in the Punjab. Therefore thestory related to him might be true.He would again tell them that, if they did not understand their duty towards thecountry, they were not then right in asking for freedom. He was going to speak tothem on swadeshi that night. There were other stories related to him by someone thatthere were three persons arrested by Government. One of them was a Congress Secre-tary who on being arrested by Government apologized to the Government and theremaining two also apologized. They (the three men) had now given up the nationalcause and were remaining aloof from the movement. They should feel ashamed of such action. He would appeal to those present to be fearless as far as possible, forwhen their object was laudable, why should they care for the Government? If theywere not willing to undergo hardships and troubles they should give up the movementat this stage. He, therefore, appealed to every man and women present in the hall tobe ready for
(pain) at any time for the sake of their country.The had opened a depot for foreign-made clothes, where they could send theirclothes without any hesitation. If they did not succeed in boycotting foreign clothby 31st July they would be put to great shame in the eyes of their fellow men and inthe eyes of the world at large.The Mahatma asked whether they had made any preparations for the 1stof August. There was no shame at all in sending away their clothes to thatdepot for foreign-made clothes. Some
(sisters) when asked to boycotttheir foreign made saris said that they were unwilling to do so. No doubt there were
Held under the auspices of the “O” Ward Congress Committee at the MorarjiGokuldas Hall, at 9 p.m.