eLearning Papers • www.elearningpapers.eu •
Nº 19 • A ril 2010 • ISSN 1887-1542
leavers should be under 10% and at least 40% of the younger generation should have atertiary degree”.In the project Emotion, with co-funding of the Program LLP – KA3, 4 reference countries havebeen selected
on the basis of their geographical, cultural and social features: Italy, Spain, UK
The data of the Ministry of Education reported that in 2006, there were 890,000 earlyschool leavers. They were 18 – 24 years old (equal to 20,6% of the total of this cohort), theyhad a lower secondary school degree and they did not participate in any vocational or educational courses and were not participating in any training programs. This means that thelower than 10% goal looks a distant dream at the moment. Furthermore, school drop out or absence from school is still very high; almost half a million students in Italy drop out of schoolevery year or they fail.Data published in May 2008 (referring to 2007) identifies slight progress (from 20.6% to19.3%). School dropout rates are particularly high in Valle d’Aosta, Sicily, Campania andPuglia. Despite the slight progress in several Member States, the EU Commission stated in itsCommunication on 2007 how critical efforts are to work on competences due to high schooldropout rates in the EU Countries.The situation in the
is also significant. Although indicators confirm the rate of early schoolleavers is 13% (Eurostat 2007) and that it decreased significantly between 2000 and 2007, thesituation is alarming. The “NEETS group” phenomenon is growing. According to recent data,there were 206,000 Neets, aged 16 to 18, in England (2006). Other sources estimate that 10%of all 16 to 18 year olds in England are NEETS (Statistical First Release (SFR), 2007).
has low levels of education indicators compared to EU benchmarks. This isattributable to relatively low completion of secondary education, take up of tertiary education,and very low rates of participation in life long learning. Romania has relatively high proportionsof early school leavers. In 2007, the early school leaving rate reached 19,2%. Even if thispercentage illustrates a slight decrease as compared with the previous year it still remainsamong the highest rates among EU Member States. Vulnerable groups -in particular Romaand poor communities (both rural and urban)–are the people most affected by thisphenomenon.The situation in
which has one of the highest percentages of early school leavers in theEU is also alarming from this point of view. In 2007 the school drop out was 31% of thepopulation, which is more than double the average of the EU (14,8%). From 2000 to 2007, therate actually increased from 29,1% in 2000 to 31% in 2007. There appears to be a significantdifference in the Basque Country and Navarra (14,5% and 12,6 % as compared to the nationalaverage of 29,9% for Spain. These are the two regions which have a higher regional financing(which directly determines the quality of social services). The EU total drop out of immigrantstudents is 31%, whereas the Spanish one is 43%. Only Portugal, Italy, Greece and Maltahave a higher drop out rates for immigrant students.Because of educational shortcomings, a quarter of all youngsters attempt to enter the labor market without sufficient qualifications. There are too many young people leaving school or vocational programs without the necessary competences to be part of the knowledge societyand a smooth transition into employment. They are therefore at risk of social exclusionincluding being deprived of life long learning from birth.
Causes of school drop out
Yet, behind such statistics and numbers there is evidence of many young people who are nolonger inspired to learn or discover. School drop out means attendance rates and Europeanstatistics; it also means thousands of individual young people risking a tragic situation when