Process of Generation of Information
It involves three activities:
(a) Data Acquisition
- Data is initially recorded and later verified for accuracy and authenticity.-Data is captured by punching with keyboard or scanning with scanning devices, facts fromdocuments on which they were recorded.-Data captured is organized in data files. Each file contains records relating to various dataelements (fields) expressed with the help of different symbols (characters).
(b) Data Transformation
-It is done by performing the following operations:(i) Rearranging: also called sorting of data(ii) Classifying(iii) Calculating(iv) Summarizing
(c) Management of Information
•The processed data maybe either communicated to end user or maybe stored for futurereference.•One decides the report format, appropriate channel of communication to provide information.•If stored, one decides to store it on some mass storage.