IN THIS MODULE WE SHALL COVER THE FOLLOWINGIntroductionQualitative researchQualitative research Vs Quantitative researchSampling methods in Qualitative researchEthics in Qualitative researchMethods of data collection in qualitative researchData analysis in qualitative researchLimitations of qualitative researchIntroduction
Qualitative research is a strong tool that is being used to effectively address the
social issues thataffect individual and families
. By using qualitative research, researchers are able to collect dataand explain phenomena more deeply and more exhaustively(Mugenda & Mugenda, 2003).Thetwo most common types of research are ; quantitative and qualitative research.
What is qualitative research?
Qualitative research is a naturalistic
scientific research. Scientific research consistsof an investigation that:
• seeks answers to a question
/ evaluator defines a research problem
• systematically uses a predefined set of procedures to answer the question
( researcherformulates research questions and defines the population and samples)
• collects evidence
and analyzes them
• produces findings tha
t were not determined in advance
• produces findings that are applicable beyond the immediate boundaries of the study
shares these characteristics. Additionally, it seeks to understand a givenresearch problem or topic from the perspectives of the local population it involves.