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Qualitative research

Qualitative research

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Published by Fred Wekesa Wafula

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Fred Wekesa Wafula on Mar 23, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/04/2015

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 UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI
Quantitative Research Masters in project Planning andManagement 
1/13/2011
Fred Wafula Wekesa .
 
 IN THIS MODULE WE SHALL COVER THE FOLLOWINGIntroductionQualitative researchQualitative research Vs Quantitative researchSampling methods in Qualitative researchEthics in Qualitative researchMethods of data collection in qualitative researchData analysis in qualitative researchLimitations of qualitative researchIntroduction
Qualitative research is a strong tool that is being used to effectively address the
social issues thataffect individual and families
. By using qualitative research, researchers are able to collect dataand explain phenomena more deeply and more exhaustively(Mugenda & Mugenda, 2003).Thetwo most common types of research are ; quantitative and qualitative research.
What is qualitative research?
Qualitative research is a naturalistic
 
interpretive
scientific research. Scientific research consistsof an investigation that:
• seeks answers to a question
/ evaluator defines a research problem
• systematically uses a predefined set of procedures to answer the question
( researcherformulates research questions and defines the population and samples)
• collects evidence
and analyzes them
• produces findings tha
t were not determined in advance
• produces findings that are applicable beyond the immediate boundaries of the study
 
Qualitative research
shares these characteristics. Additionally, it seeks to understand a givenresearch problem or topic from the perspectives of the local population it involves.
Qualitative
 
research is especially effective in obtaining culturally specific information about the values,opinions, behaviors, and social contexts of particular populations (FHI, 2005.)
Qualitative research is also known as explorative research. It employs many methods of interpretive modes of inquiry that include the following (Glesne and Peshkin, 1992):Case study
Attempts to shed light on a phenomena by studyingindepth a single case example of the phenomena
. Thecase can be an individual person, an event, a group, oran institution.Grounded theoryTheory is developed inductively from a corpus of dataacquired by a participant-observer.PhenomenologyDescribes the structures of experience as they presentthemselves to consciousness, without recourse to theory,deduction, or assumptions from other disciplinesEthnographyFocuses on the sociology of meaning through close fieldobservation of sociocultural phenomena. Typically, theethnographer focuses on a community.HistoricalSystematic collection and objective evaluation of datarelated to
past occurrences
in order to test hypothesesconcerning causes, effects, or trends of these events thatmay help to explain present events and anticipate futureevents. (Gay, 1996)

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