Source NASA / Lick Observatory
The fragments of the star are ejected at a speed which can befaster than 10.000 kilometres by second. They form a splendidnebula around the remnant of the star.
In the year 1054, a supernovashone in daylight for a few weeks. Il has given us this beautiful nebula,known as the 'Crab nebula' .Viewed from the Earth, thesupernova was brighter than Venusand is located more than 7000light yearsaway.Source :ESO
Such an explosion is powerful enough to briefly allow newfusionreactions in the iron core, permitting the generation of elements heavier than iron.All the elements that you can find on Earth, except hydrogenand helium, come from supernovae explosions.
Compared evolutions of starsof one, ten and thirty solar masses.Massive stars gothrough a 'red supergiant' stage,and disapear in asupernovaexplosion.