in the range of 15 cent. - 30 Centi.. It rains for an average of 14 days per year with anaverage rainfall of 400 mm. The rains are very irregular and erratic in nature. The level of Humidity in Nov./Dec. is around 50% while its 80% in the monsoon.The size of a tidal wave ranges between 1.6 meters & 5.9 meters, which is lesscompared to other areas. Thus, this size of tidal waves makes it very easy for the fisher folks to fish around the coastline without a boat.
Introduction to the area
Mundra Taluka is located on the southern coastline of Kutch. The south-eastern partis covered with the reservoir, while in the east is Anjar, west is Mandvi Taluka and Northis Bhuj. Due to the good environmental conditions Mundra is considered as Paris of Kutch. Mundra Taluka is the smallest taluka of Kutch with an area of 888.15 Sq. Kms.According the census of 2001 the total population of Mundra was 83,010 (42311males and 40699 females) in 63 villages.Mundra Taluka has the representations of Jain, Bhatia, Vagher, Lohana, Charan,Rajput, Harijan, Muslim & Brahmin spread all over.
Present status of the fishing community of Mundra Taluka
The communities located around the coastline are involved in mainly three differentoccupations namely, Agriculture, Fishing and cattle. All the three occupations are verymuch related to the Marine ecology. For and instance, only crops suitable to the marineenvironment are grown. Similarly, the cattle feed also depends very much upon thecoastal grasslands and, the communities of around 59 villages is dependent upon theactivity of fishing as their main source of livelihood. Moreover, there are 7 fisher villagesand 9 fishing communities (Muslim Vagher have the maximum representation) involving9000 people who are dependent upon the marine biology as their main source of income.Fishing around this area is done is mainly two ways, one is with boat and other wayis without boat in shallow water. The families involved in fishing without boat travel on abicycle or a donkey cart from their village to the coast line on daily basis, while thosewith the boat shift their residence and live very near to the coast for a 8 month season.