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Business model

Business model

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Published by: sank_patnaik on Mar 23, 2011
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09/03/2011

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Introduction
The Earthquake in Jan. 2001 brought a lot of changes, both positive and negative inKutch. Especially Mundra has undergone some very drastic changes after earthquakemostly in terms of industrial development. One reason which can be attributed to thischange is that Mundra has been announced as SEZ(Special Economic Zone) by theGovernment of Gujarat. Following that a lot of industries are already established andmore are to be established in that area. These changes have raised few issues affecting thelocal people in Mundra Taluka, the livelihood of indigenous people of that area has comeup as one of the very crucial issue. Thus KMVS has started working for issues of thelocal and indigenous people of Mundra.
An overview of Kutch
Kutch is the smallest district of Gujarat in terms of population and largest district of Gujarat (second largest of India) in terms of Area. The Archeological remains found inDholavira, Nakhatrana, Mandvi, Anjar & Rapar Taluka have proven that a welldeveloped Harrappan Civilization was prevalent in Kutch before 4000 years. A largequantity of Lignite, Bentonite & sub bituminous coal available in Kutch gives a clue thatKutch was densely populated with Forests and trees and then those forest must have beensuddenly washed away by sea water and sand due to some natural disaster.
Mundra Taluka
Mundra Taluka is located on the coastline having no major hills but only a slope of 'Dhola Dungar' in its northern part. The four lakes of Bhuj Taluka named as Sakda, Fot,Nagmati & Bhukhi pass through Mundra to meet the Arabian Sea. The Average Rainfallis 440 m.m. It rains for an average of 15 days per year 
Introduction to the coastline of Kutch
As compared to the total coastline of 7000 kms in India, Gujarat holds 1665 Kmswhich comes to 22% of the total coastline. And, out of the total coastline of 1665 kms inGujarat, Kutch is blessed with 405 kms of coastline which is almost 1/4
th
of the total
 
coastline of Gujarat, making 3800 Fisher Families and 18000 individuals dependent uponit. The coastline is very rich in terms of marine ecology with islands and different typesof flora and fauna.
Marine biology of Kutch and its importance
Fishing becomes one of the very crucial activities for so many people living aroundthe coastline of Kutch. In 1997-98 the total production in the State is estimated to bearound 7.7 lac tons generating a turnover of around Rs.1266 Crores. Out of the totalMarine Production in the State, the contribution of Fish is 91%. In 1997-98, 125560 tonsof fish worth Rs.638 Crores were exported, While, the total production in Kutchincluding prawns, Crabs etc in 1997-98 is estimated to be around 86000 Tons. Kutchprovides a very conducive environment for fishing activity. The Fish named BombayDuck is available in plenty in the coastline of Kutch, following which comes Crabs(450tons), prawns (3230 tons) & Lobster(95 tons). 70,000 people located in the area nr.Surajbari bridge and other coaster belts are estimated to be involved in the collection andsale of prawns as their main source of livelihood. Pinkted phukat is one type of perl shellswhich as per one survey was produced in the quantity of 699200 units during the periodof 19131967. But, due to very less economic significance of that product the productionhas been stopped since last 6 years.In the situation of drought, the eatable shellfishes (which are collected by the fisher folks without boat from the shallow and muddy water) prove to be a very importantsource of diet/food for the poor families. Moreover, the also have a huge collection of conches collected from the deep water. According to one survey it is estimated that3,72,000 conches were collected between 1955-1981. They also catch octopus, which isfound in large quantity over there. On an average, one fisher fold involved in the fishingbusiness catches 2 kg. of octopus on daily basis.
The environmental situation of the coastline and its impact
The surrounding areas of the coastline have a very Dry climate with a min. temp. of 7.8 cent. in January and maximum 44.8 registered till date. The water temperature varies
 
in the range of 15 cent. - 30 Centi.. It rains for an average of 14 days per year with anaverage rainfall of 400 mm. The rains are very irregular and erratic in nature. The level of Humidity in Nov./Dec. is around 50% while its 80% in the monsoon.The size of a tidal wave ranges between 1.6 meters & 5.9 meters, which is lesscompared to other areas. Thus, this size of tidal waves makes it very easy for the fisher folks to fish around the coastline without a boat.
Introduction to the area
Mundra Taluka is located on the southern coastline of Kutch. The south-eastern partis covered with the reservoir, while in the east is Anjar, west is Mandvi Taluka and Northis Bhuj. Due to the good environmental conditions Mundra is considered as Paris of Kutch. Mundra Taluka is the smallest taluka of Kutch with an area of 888.15 Sq. Kms.According the census of 2001 the total population of Mundra was 83,010 (42311males and 40699 females) in 63 villages.Mundra Taluka has the representations of Jain, Bhatia, Vagher, Lohana, Charan,Rajput, Harijan, Muslim & Brahmin spread all over.
Present status of the fishing community of Mundra Taluka
The communities located around the coastline are involved in mainly three differentoccupations namely, Agriculture, Fishing and cattle. All the three occupations are verymuch related to the Marine ecology. For and instance, only crops suitable to the marineenvironment are grown. Similarly, the cattle feed also depends very much upon thecoastal grasslands and, the communities of around 59 villages is dependent upon theactivity of fishing as their main source of livelihood. Moreover, there are 7 fisher villagesand 9 fishing communities (Muslim Vagher have the maximum representation) involving9000 people who are dependent upon the marine biology as their main source of income.Fishing around this area is done is mainly two ways, one is with boat and other wayis without boat in shallow water. The families involved in fishing without boat travel on abicycle or a donkey cart from their village to the coast line on daily basis, while thosewith the boat shift their residence and live very near to the coast for a 8 month season.

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