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SX-70 Repair Manual

SX-70 Repair Manual

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Published by: Elizabeth Perry Muderick on Mar 23, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/03/2014

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I-
DESCRIPTION
A.GENERAL
DESCRIPTION
ThePolaroidLandSX-70isafolding,pocketsized,single-lensreflexcamerawhichtakesandimmediatelydeliversfull-colorpicturesapproxi-mately
3Y.
inchessquare(seeFiguresI-I,1-2and1-3).Operationisautomatic.Theusermerelyinsertsthefilm,focusesandshoots.Pow-erisprovidedbyasix-voltbatteryinsidethefilmpack;therefore,thebatteriesarealwaysasfreshasthefilm.Thefourelementlenshasamaximumapertureof
f/8,
andafocusingrangefrom10.4inchesto'infinity.Theshutterisautomaticallycontrolledbyaphotocellandelectronictiming.Electricaltomechanicalenergyconversionisaccomplishedbytwosolenoidsandamotor.Thereisnosep-aratediaphragmadjustment.Theshutteropen-ingandclosingtimeiscontrolledbytheexposuremeasuringsystem.
C30032(R2)-!-1
FIGURE
1-1
SX-70CAMERAFOLDED
C30032(R2J.1·2
FIGURE2HOLDINGANDOPENIf:IIGTHESX·70I-I
 
Whenthecameraisfullyopened,theinterlockswitch(S6),locatedattheleftrearcorncrofthemirror
cover,
isclosedandthebatteryis
connect-
edtothecameraelectrical
circuitry
(Figure
1-4).
2.
Loadingthe
Film
PackThefront
cover
latchislocated
un
therightsideofthecamerajustinsidetherimofthebottomcoverassembly.Pressingdown
all
thisyellowlatchreleasesthefrontcoverwhichdropsdown.toexposethefilmchamber.Withthecoveropen,afilmpackcanbeinsertedoranexhaustedpackcanberemoved.
MIRRORCOVEAERECTINGLINK
Afreshfilmpackisloadedintothefilmchamberobservingcolorcoding(Figure
1-5).
Undercer-taincircumstancesapartiallyusedpackcouldbeinserted,butthisactionwillcausesomedeviationinthenormalcountingsequence.
SHUTTERRELEASE(S1l
Thebatteryisapartofeachfilmpack,andthetwoexposedterminals
011
thepackengagetwocontactswithinthefilmchamberasthepackisinserted.
FRONTCOVERSHUTTERBOTTOMCOVER
3.
StartingtheAutomaticMechanismWiththefilmpackinplace,thefrontcovercanbeclosed.
It
mustbefullyclosedandlatched.
C30032(R2)-H
LIGHTEN/DARKENCONTROL
FIGURE
1-456
WITHCONTACTSCLOSED
C30032(A2)-1-3
FIGURE
1-3
OPENEDFORPICTURETAKINGThesubjectisviewedandfocusedthroughthetakinglens,amirror,afresnelviewingscreen(withsplit-imagefocusingaid)andanopticalsystemtofocustheimageattheviewingeye-piece.Asin
ill!
single-lensreflexcameras,theshuttermustbeopentoprovideanimage
at
theeyepiece.Thisrequirementisfulfilledbytheautomaticelectro-mechanicalcomponentswhicharedescribedindetailinSectionIIofthismanual.isejected,themechanismcompletesitscycletoprepareforthenextexposure.Foilowingthetenthexposure,theflashcircuitisinhibitedun-tilafreshfilmpackisinserted.Normalopera-tionwillresumewhenthe
camera
isreloaded.
B.
CAMERAOPERATIONThefollowingparagraphsdescribetheelectro-mechanicaleventsthatoccurinnormaloperation.Thepurposeofthisdescriptionistoacquaintthereaderwiththemannerinwhichthevariousfunc-tionsareaccomplished.Detailedanalysisatacomponent/subassemblylevelappearsinSection
II.
Whentheexposureismade,theimagemustbetransferredfromtheviewingsystemtothesur-faceofthefilminaccuratefocus.Toaccom-plishthis,theshutterclosesandtheviewingscreenswingsoutoftheopticalpathwhichisthendivertedbyamirrortothefilmsurface.Thesetwopathsaredescribedingreaterdetailelsewhereinthissection.I.OpeningtheCameraWhentheSX-70isfolded,aninterlockswitch(S6)removesallbatterypowerfromthecameramechanismtopreventanydrainfromthefilm-pack-encapsulatedbatteries.Topreparetheearn-eraforpicturetaking,holdthecamcrainthelefthand,pullstraightupontheserratedportionoftheviewfinderhousing(Figure1-2).Thisactionreleaseslatches,which,intum,allowthemainbodyofthecameratoraiseintooperatingposition.FIGURE1-5INSERTINGFILMPACKTheexposureismadefollowingtheviewingscreen/mirrorswing.Thescreenthenreturnstotheviewingpositionandtheautomaticmechan-ismejectstheexposedsheetoffilm.Develop-menttakesplaceoutsidethecameraandcanbeobservedbytheoperator.Assoonastheprint
C30032(R21,'-5
1-3
1-2

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