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Supervised vs Unsupervised Classification

Supervised vs Unsupervised Classification

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Published by: Mario UltimateAddiction Hylton on Mar 24, 2011
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12/27/2012

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Glossary of remote sensing terms
Term
: Supervised Classification
Definition
:A procedure for identifying spectrally similar areas on an image by identifying ‘training’ sites of known targets and then extrapolating those spectral signatures to other areas of unknowntargets.
Explanation
:Supervised classification relies on the
a priori 
knowledge of the location and identity of land cover types that are in the image. This can be achieved through field work, study of aerial photographsor other independent sources of information.Training areas, usually small and discrete compared to the full image, are used to “train” theclassification algorithm to recognize land cover classes based on their spectral signatures, asfound in the image. The training areas for any one land cover class need to fully represent thevariability of that class within the image. There are numerous factors that can affect the trainingsignatures of the land cover classes. Environmental factors such as differences in soil type,varying soil moisture, and health of vegetation, can affect the signature and affect the accuracy of the final thematic map.
Term
: Unsupervised Classification
Definition
:Categorization of digital image data by computer processing based solely on the image statisticswithout availability of training samples or a-priori knowledge of the area.
Explanation
:The classification creates natural groupings in the image values, called spectral clusters or classes. In this fashion, values with similar grey levels are assumed to belong to the same cover type. The analyst must then determine the identity of these spectral clusters. Principle clusteringalgorithms include: K-means clustering, ISODATA clustering, and Narenda-Goldberg clustering.
Related Terms
:
Term
: Principal Component Analysis
Definition
:A digital image enhancement technique that transforms spectral radiance values of the original,correlated image data sets into new, uncorrelated data sets. Multivariate analysis method is usedto reduce the number of variables.
Explanation
:

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