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Biography of Ir. Soekarno

Biography of Ir. Soekarno

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Published by: Damaraeka Adjie Pramana II on Mar 24, 2011
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01/14/2013

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Biography of President Ir. Soekarno
First President of the Republic of Indonesia, Sukarno, who used to be calledBung Karno, born in Blitar, East Java, June 6, 1901 and died in Jakarta, 21 June1970. His father named Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and his mother Ida AyuNyoman Rai. During his life, he has three wives and has eight children.Fatmawatiwife have children from Guntur, Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati andthunder. From wife Hartini have Taufan and Bayu, while the wife Ratna SariDewi, the woman whose original name was derived Japanese Naoko NemotoKartika have children ..Sukarno's childhood just a few years living with his parents in Blitar. During theelementary to graduate, he lives in Surabaya, homestay in the home Haji Oemar Said Tokroaminoto, veteran politician Sarekat founder of Islam. Then go toschool in HBS (Hoogere Burger School). While studying at HBS, Sukarno wasgalvanizing spirit of nationalism. After he graduated from HBS in 1920, moved toBandung and continue to THS (Technische Hoogeschool or Technical HighSchool who is now the ITB). He won the title "Ir" on May 25, 1926.Then, he formulated and established the doctrine Marhaenisme PNI (Nationalist
 
Party of Indonesia) on July 4, 1927, with the aim of an independent Indonesia. Asa result, the Netherlands, put into prison Sukamiskin, Bandung on December 29,1929.Eight months later a new trial. In his defense titled Indonesia Menggugat,he showed apostasy Netherlands, a nation that claims it is more advanced.Defense that made the Dutch more and more angry. So in July 1930, the PNIwas dissolved. After his release in 1931, Sukarno joined Partindo and at thesame time lead. As a result, he was re-arrested by the Dutch and exiled to Ende,Flores, 1933. Four years later moved to Bengkulu.After going through a long struggle, Bung Karno and Bung Hatta proclaimedIndonesia's independence on August 17, 1945. In the trial BPUPKI June 1, 1945,Ir.Soekarno the idea of the basic state called Pancasila. August 17, 1945, Ir Soekarno and Drs. Mohammad Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence. Inthe trial PPKI, August 18, 1945 Ir.Soekarno elected by acclamation as the firstPresident of the Republic of Indonesia.Previously, he was also able to formulate that later became the basis of Pancasila (ideology) of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia. He seeks to unite thearchipelago. Even Sukarno tried to gather the nations in Asia, Africa and LatinAmerica with the Asian-African Conference in Bandung in 1955, which later evolved into the Non-Aligned Movement.Rebellion G-30-S/PKI bear great political crisis that led to rejection of theAssembly of accountability. Instead the Assembly appoint Suharto as ActingPresident. His health continued to deteriorate, which on Sunday, June 21, 1970he died at the army hospital. He was buried at Wisma Yaso, Jakarta and wasburied in Blitar, East Java, near the tomb of his mother, Ida Ayu NyomanRai. Government conferred him as "Hero of the Proclamation". (From VariousSources)

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