What are the basic Islamic beliefs?
The word Islam derives from the same semitic root as the Hebrew word Shalom, whichmeans peace. Islam means "entering into a condition of peace and security with God, throughallegiance or surrender to him". Main tenets central to Islam is the absolute sense that there can onlybe one God - Allah - and that he is the source of all creation and disposer of all lives and events.Hence, there is no God but God and Mohammed is his final messenger.It was not a completely new faith but is the third great monotheistic religion. Muslimsbelieve that the original, unchanged message given to Muhammad, Jesus, Moses and all otherprophets came from the One same God. In Muslim eyes, Muhammad completes a succession of prophets, including Abraham, Moses and Jesus, each of whom refined and restated the message of God.Islam enjoins belief in God as well as (a) His revealed books; (b) His angels; (c) Hismessengers or prophets, (d) the Latter Day (of Resurrection, or Judgement); and (e) the gracefulacceptance of whatever comes from God. Regarding some of these points, the following needs to beunderstood:1)
Allah is the Arabic name for God and not the name of a special god of Islam. Jews,Christians and Muslims who speak Arabic all refer to God as Allah.2)
Islam regards the original Torah of Moses (the first five books of the Old Testament orHebrew Bible), the Psalms of DAVID and the teachings of JESUS as being no less divinelyrevealed than the KORAN, although the Koran is believed to be God's final, complete,unadulterated and authoritative revelation.3)
ISLAM reveres the Old Testament patriarchs and prophets (especially ABRAHAM andMOSES) as true messengers of God, and considers Jesus as a virgin-born prophet of specialpre-eminence, in whom the Word and Spirit of God were manifest. MUHAMMAD isregarded by Muslims as the last of God's messengers and, hence, 'the seal of the prophets'.4)
MARY, the mother of Jesus, is considered especially holy in Islam and is, in fact, the onlywoman mentioned by name in the Koran,
(Arabic, Maryam) being the name of oneof the Koran
s most often-read chapters.
Is it justifiable for Muslims to quote the Bible or refer to it?
There appears to be two common and extreme misconceptions about the Muslims attitudes towardsbible.a. That Muslims base their faith in full or part on the Bible;b. That Muslims reject the Bible
and accept no single word of it.What is the Muslim basis or criterion for accepting or not accepting portions or passage from theBible?The Qur
an itself provides such criterion:
And unto you We have revealed the scripture with the truth confirming whatever Scripture wasbefore it, and a watch over it…
an 5:48)This emphasizes two main aspects of the Qur
an:a. The Qur
an confirms those teachings or passages of previous scriptures, which remained intact.b. The Qur
an is the last complete, authoritative and authentic revelation. It is the final arbiter andthe only criterion to correct any inaccuracy or misinterpretation, which might have occurred in thetransmission of scriptures. It helps in discovering human additions to or interpolations of previousrevelations, even as it reveals possible deletions, which might have taken place through the