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linux

linux

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Published by Janani Pillai

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Published by: Janani Pillai on Mar 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/16/2014

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Linux Command Line Basics – www.ihaveapc.com
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P a g e w w w . i h a v e a p c . c o m
 
LINUX COMMAND LINE BASICS:
www.ihaveapc.comadmin team
 
Linux Command Line Basics – www.ihaveapc.com
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P a g e w w w . i h a v e a p c . c o m
 
Contents:1.
 
PART 1: Navigation Page 032.
 
PART 2: Linux Directory Structure and Permissions Page 133.
 
PART 3: Managing Users And Groups Page 184.
 
PART 4: Users, Groups And Permissions Page 325.
 
PART 5: System Information Commands Page 476.
 
PART 6: More System Information Commands Page 527.
 
PART 7: vi Cheat Sheet Page 61
 
Linux Command Line Basics – www.ihaveapc.com
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P a g e w w w . i h a v e a p c . c o m
 
PART 1: Navigation
Linux has evolved as a great choice for desktop OS and most of the tasks can beaccomplished from within the GUI. But still, we may need to use the command lineinterface in case of an emergency where GUI is not available or for remoteadministration (Telnet, SSH etc.) from a place with a very low bandwidth.Now we’ll learn how to navigate around using command line. The Linux version usedhere is Linux Mint 9.0, which is a variant of Debian Linux. To practice, start the‘Terminal’ from the ‘Accessories’ section of the main menu. Please note that Linuxcommands are case sensitive.1.
 
pwd- Print Working Directory. This command outputs the current directory theuser is in. For a Linux desktop user, it is typically ‘/home/<user-name>’. Everythingin Linux is represented as a folder or a file. ‘/’ is the root directory and all otherdirectories fall under this directory (more about the Linux directory structure in thenext part). So, if your user name is ‘sam’, your home directory will be ‘/home/sam’.

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