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Best Practices for Liberia’s Internet Ecosystem

Best Practices for Liberia’s Internet Ecosystem

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Published by ICTdocs
Google.org: Best Practices for Liberia’s Internet Ecosystem
Google.org: Best Practices for Liberia’s Internet Ecosystem

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Published by: ICTdocs on Mar 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Best Practices for Liberia’sInternet Ecosystem
Februrary 2011
Best Practices for Liberia’s Internet Ecosystem
 Executive Summary
 This is a key moment for a progressive policy and investment stance toward the Internet inLiberia. The Africa Coast to Europe (ACE) project -- is expected to land within the next twoyears, bringing Liberia its first access to a submarine cable. Combined with low-cost, last-mile wireless solutions and the falling cost of Internet-enabled devices, the Internet has thepotential to reach broad segments of the Liberian population. Growth in Internet adoption is a key pillar of economic development and sustainable growth.A recent World Bank study based on econometric analysis of 120 countries found thata 10% change in broadband adoption is associated with a 1.38% increase in GDP percapita growth in developing countries (Qiang and Rossotto 45). Furthermore, access tothe Internet enables improved human development outcomes through increased efficiencyin the public and non-governmental sectors. In the absence of progressive policies and acompetitive telecommunications market environment, however, regulatory and commerciallandscapes will impede this development opportunity. Section one of this paper provides background on the current Internet landscape in Liberia.Section two lays out best practices that Google has observed across developing marketsthat, if applied in Liberia, could accelerate the growth of its Internet ecosystem. Best practices appropriate for Liberia’s state of development include: 
Establishing open access principles for connections to submarine cables anddomestic backhaul networks.
Creating an effective Internet Exchange Point and caching of popular content andapplications.
Allowing open use of available WiFi spectrum.
Implementing projects to foster the growth of user and developer communities.
Getting public sector information online and making it easily accessible. 
Current Internet Market Landscape in Liberia
A. Internet Traffic and Usage
 Liberia has one of the lowest volumes of Internet traffic per capita in the world, and ranks inthe bottom quintile within Africa (see Figure 1).
Figure 1: Google Internet Activity Per Capita (2010)
Note: These are based on traffic through a basket of Google services in 2010 and represent total Internet usage, notnumber of users. (Source: Internal Google data)
 On a positive note, Internet usage has more than doubled in the past twelve months andgrown fifteen times since 2007 (see Figure 2), aided by declining costs of devices andbandwidth. We observe a similar trend in Sierra Leone.

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