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Research Intro on Homesickness

Research Intro on Homesickness

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Published by mka_10241990

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Published by: mka_10241990 on Mar 26, 2011
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11/10/2013

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The Filipino family experiences fellow feeling or being involved in familymatters. What happens to one happens to all. The family members experience as “we”not as separate individuals. This is an affirmation of family ties (Panopio&Rolda 2000).This will prove some difficulties later when parents send their children to school mostespecially to a university that is far from home. To Filipino parents, a university degreeis a more lasting inheritance than any property they could possibly give to their children.You will never lose it, they say. The price of finishing a college education is probablyhighest in our culture, especially among families that are financially challenged. Thus, itis expected parents wanting their children to enter pre-school and complete at least abachelor degree. It is easier said than done because as children start to embark their life in the academe, they are usually unprepared of what endeavors they would likely toface after high school graduation and what life awaits them as they eagerly enter theuniversity. They will be faced with many challenges but the most highlighting amongthem is the transition process where their level of adaptation with regards to their personality, intellects and social aspect is really put to test.The first year of college is an important time for students in creating thefoundation of their subsequent experiences. The transition process that possibly beginseven before the start of the semester brought a paramount changes for an individualwho recently graduated from high school and decided to enter university. This processinvolves breaking old routines to adjust the demands of the new environment includingnew social, intellectual challenges. Students need to cope up with new lifestyle of their residential and academic aspects as well as being away from the familiar and secure
 
features of the previous environment. As a result, they will experience strain, state of grief, depressed mood, preoccupation with home and higher absentmindedness that aremore likely to affect their coping with academic work and reduced their satisfaction withaspects of the current environment and social contacts (Stahols et al 1983). The losingof a familiar environment and warmth of home triggers the phenomenon of “homesickness” which is an adverse reaction.Homesickness as defined by Fisher and Hood (1987) is a complexcognitive-motivational state concerned with grieving for, yearning and beingpreoccupied with thoughts of home. Fisher (1988) collected comments describinghomesickness made in diaries and letters by boarding school pupils, student nurses,university students and a former soldier. They all revealed a sense of loneliness,depression, emotional distress and a preoccupation with a longing for home. In a similar study obtained by Baier and Welch, (1992); Eurelings Bontekoe, Vingerhoets andFontijn, (1994), Fisher, (1989), states that all people around the world regardless of age,gender and race have experience being homesick. Generally, homesick children andstudents miss their parents and family, friends and other familiar persons, their familiar surroundings at home comforts and they feel extremely insecure. In a findingsemphasized by Brewin et al (1989), suggest that homesickness as a potentiallyimportant phenomenon that may exercise a considerable influence on academicperformance at least in the short term. Further, Van Tilburg et al (1996) emphasized theneed for further examination of cultural differences. In the study of Stroebe, van Vliet,
 
Hewstone and Villis; they found out that UK students reported more intensehomesickness than the Netherlands students.According to studies being homesick, can be determined by many factors.An early study by Fisher, Murray, and Frazer (1985) showed that homesickness waspredicted by lower levels of responsibility for the decision to make the educationaltransition, and greater geographical distance from home. Experience as a factor saidthat previous experienced away from home can be a predictor of homesickness. If anindividual before fully living independently has not experience being away from homeover even for a little time, he or she then is more prone to being homesick. Negativeimpressions and low expectations for a new environment of an individual strongly affectthe occurrence of homesickness. The attitude of a student towards the university or anew environment he or she dwells on can be self-fulfilling prophecy. If a person thinksthat he/she will suffer from the separation, then he or she will let situations lead him or her to that experience. Fisher (1989) found that introversion, depression and obsessionare related to homesickness. Furthermore, Eurelings-Bontekoe et al (1994) foundhigher levels of introversion, rigidity and negativism and lower levels of dominanceamong homesick conscripts. But the most important factors are attachment and family.An insecure attachment relationship with primary caregivers basically causes theseparation more stressful. In relation to family cohesiveness, it is likely that the morecohesive a family is, the greater the level of homesickness a person would experience.According to Brewin, Frenham and Howes (1989), dependency on others is a significantpredictor of homesickness. So it follows that the children will suffer more from

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