The human rights situation in Somalia is unlikely to improve significantly in2011. The Transitional Federal Government is due to end its transitionalperiod in August 2011, but this is unlikely to have an impact on the humanrights situation in the short term. In the time leading up to the end of thetransitional period, we hope the Transitional Federal Government will continueto strive for peace, through the development of the security sector and theprovision of public services for citizens.We will continue to work for greater stability in Somalia, which will allow for better rule of law and improved human rights conditions. We will invest inprojects aimed at developing the security sector and communities. This inturn should undermine the influence of extremist groups, such as al-Shabaab.Access to Somalia for UK officials is likely to remain very infrequent and sowe do not anticipate a significant improvement in our ability to monitor directlythe human rights situation on the ground.
Successful presidential elections were held in Somaliland in June after adelay of almost two years. These elections were deemed by local andinternational observersto reflect the will of the voters. We provided significantassistance to the Somaliland elections in political, technical and financialterms and were the largest bilateral donor.
Access to justice
The majority of Somalis do not have access to justice. The TransitionalFederal Government's judicial system lacks the capacity to deal with war crimes and crimes against humanity. For most people, justice is largelyconducted at local and clan levels with little oversight from the state. The lawis a mixture of jurisprudence inherited from colonial times, Sharia andclan/customary law. These are inconsistent in implementation and can limitaccess to justice, particularly for women. Somalia retains the use of the deathpenalty. The extent of its use is not known.