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Teenage Pregnancies in the Philippines 2

Teenage Pregnancies in the Philippines 2

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Published by Tweetie Sabado

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Published by: Tweetie Sabado on Mar 26, 2011
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12/16/2014

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I.
 
ProblemTeenage pregnancy is widespread in the Philippines, especially amongst the poor. It is astory that may not be too pleasant, but one that is repeated all too often.Teen pregnancy is anobvious rising issue in our society. During the 21
st
century, the statistics about this issuecontinues to rise even though there are a lot of disadvantages that young mothers and fathers canobviously get in the said issue.Fox(2008) defined teenage pregnancy as:Teenage pregnancy is one of the most important and alarming issues in today'sworld. A teenage pregnancy, also referred to as teen pregnancy, comes to be when a girlattains motherhood before she becomes a major or adult, as laid down by the law of theland (p.5).Some 16.5 million Filipinos belong to the 15-24 year old age group. We are forced with aglaring truth that at a very young age, a lot of young people today have children of their own. 30% of all births belong to this age group; and by the age of 20, 25% of the youth are alreadymothers. This shocking truth about teenage pregnancy in the Philippines should wake thegovernment and parents themselves to take action (Flores, 2008). According to the 2002 Young Adult Fertility and Sexuality Study by the University of thePhilippines Population Institute (Uppi) and the Demographic Research and DevelopmentFoundation, twenty six(26%) of our Filipino youth nationwide from ages 15 to 25 admitted tohaving a premarital sex experience. What¶s worse is that 38 percent of our youth are already in alive-in arrangement. Another is the 1998 National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS)reveals that 3.6 million of our teenagers (that¶s a whopping 5.2 percent of our population!) got pregnant. In 92 percent of these teens, the pregnancy was unplanned, and the majority, 78 percent, did not even use contraceptives the first time they had sex(Singson, 2008).Most teenagers don't plan to get pregnant, but many do. Teen pregnancies carry extrahealth risks to the mother and the baby. Risks for the baby include premature birth and a low birthweight. To control this, we must help each other by following the suggested solutions.II.
 
CauseCauses of teenage pregnancy are occuring due to following reasons according toFox(2008):Consequence of raging hormones. Most teenagers experience sudden and hithertounknown emotions and feelings during their early puberty. All this, coupled with a sudden senseof new-found freedom and sexuality, results in many of them giving vent to their feelingsthrough sexual expressions and experiences. Of course, most countries stress on sex education in
 
schools, but yet, some teenagers involve themselves in unsafe sex, which could lead to unwanted pregnancies.Peer pressure. A lot of teenagers indulge in early sexual behavior due to peer pressure.This is due to the fact that they feel the great need to be 'hip' and 'accepted' by their circle of friends. The only way they could probably achieve that would be by having a boyfriend or girlfriend or at least by dating and indulging in sexual acts often.Contraceptive Failure. Though there are many types and brands of contraceptives andemergency birth control pills easily available in the market, these are never a guarantee for complete safety. Only Mother Nature knows when she might want to get into action, so no formof birth control is going to be completely foolproof! (Fox,July 18,2008).Other causes of teenage pregnancy are:1.
 
Lack of Parental Guidance. Most people evade their children from talking about sex. Insome cases, they provide false information regarding sex and discourage their children to participate in any informative discussion about sex. In some cases, teenage mothers arenot well educated about sex before getting pregnant and thus this leads to lack of communication between the parents and the children.2.
 
Inadequate Knowledge about Safe Sex. Most adolescents are unaware of safe sex. They probably have no access to the traditional methods of preventing pregnancy. And themain reason behind is that they are either too embarrassed or fear to seek informationabout it. It was found that more than 80% of teenage pregnancies are unintended.3.
 
Exploitation by Older Men. This is another major factor that contributes to pregnancyamong the teenagers. Those girls who date older men are more likely to become pregnant before they attain womanhood. Rape, sexual exploitations etc. also takes place that leadsto unwanted pregnancy
 
among teenage girls.4.
 
Socio Economic Factors. Teenage girls who belong to the poor families are more likelyto become pregnant. Researchers have found that even in the developed countries teenage pregnancy occurs most commonly among the deprived sections.5.
 
Glamorization of Pregnancy. The movie industry and the media contribute to teenage pregnancy by glamorizing teen pregnancy in news stories and movies. Movies that depictteen pregnancy as something to be desired encourage teens to engage in reckless sexualactivity, according to ABC's "Good Morning America." During adolescence, teens become more focused on their appearance and how their peers perceive them. They wantto be seen as part of the group, so if teen pregnancy is viewed as acceptable in their school or amongst their friends, they may seek to become pregnant as a way to gainsocial acceptance. 6.
 
Teenage Drinking. Teen drinking can cause an unexpected pregnancy, according to thewebsite Love to Know. Many teens experiment with drugs and alcohol. Drinking lowersa teen's ability to control her impulses, contributing to 75 percent of pregnancies thatoccur between the ages 14 and 21. Approximately 91 percent of pregnant teens reportedthat although they were drinking at the time, they did not originally plan to have sexwhen they conceived. 
 
7.
 
Sexual Abuse or Rape. Teens can become pregnant as a result of sexual abuse or rape.The Guttmacher Institute states that between 43 and 62 percent of teens acknowledge thatthey were impregnated by an adult male, and two-thirds report that their babies' fathersare as old as 27. Approximately 5 percent of all teen births are the result of a rape. 8.
 
Inconsistent use of birth control
.
Even though the use of contraceptives has increasedamong teenagers, its use remains spotty. Teens may use birth control to help prevent teen pregnancy, but most do not use contraceptives consistently. Erratic contraceptive use,however, is better than none. A sexually active teen that does not use any birth controlhas a 90 percent chance of becoming pregnant within a year. Some of the reasons that birth control is not used include the following: uneducated about birth control,uncomfortable using birth control methods and unable to access reliable birth control.9.
 
Abstinence-only sex education
.
Despite recent government efforts to fund abstinence-only sex education, the vast majority of teenaged boys and girls (62 percent and 70 percent) have initiated vaginal sex by the age of 18. Because of their nature, abstinence-only programs leave out educational information on birth control. These programs havenever been shown to actually reduce the incidence of teen pregnancy. However, they arethe programs that receive the most funding from the government. There are stategovernments that forbid any sort of teen sex education in schools at all. This means thatteens that experiment may not have information on birth control and are more likely toengage in activity that results in teen pregnancy.10.
 
Psychological factors. The immature and irresponsible behavior arising dueto complex teenage psychology is another important cause of teenage pregnancies. Teenagers often go through a number of emotions because of their own transition from childhood and peer pressure. The causes above are also similar to the causes here in the Philippines. III.
 
SolutionsA.
 
Existing SolutionsSince abortion is immoral and legally wrong here in the Philippines, they consider adoption for the baby or acceptance for the parents. If not yet born, then they suggest that the baby not be killed. Currently, the government proposes sex education but it is still debatedwhether it would be taught or not.One way to prevent pregnancy is by practicing safe sex. In addition to it, birth controltools such as condoms, pills, intra-uterine devices or spermacides can regulate the fertility of awoman's eggs. Even though it decreases the chances of not being pregnant, still it is not 100%sure and effective to avoid pregnancy. Some are even desperate that they will come to a pointthat they have to abort their babies without knowing the effects it may cause to the mother and itwill kill the conscience of who will ever do this abortion thing.With the help of Science, Medicine has developed a new pill contraceptive namedRU486, the morning after solution to a sex encounter.

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