Lecture # 3Oral Histology 21 /2 /2011
But before becoming a tube the plate when deepened forms a groove,
after theneural groove it will form the tube which will
separate from the ectoderm
. Again, This neuraltube will be responsible for the formation of the central nervous system. But we have a groupof cells located at the edges of the neural plate area called
Why are they called neural crests? because they are located at the top ( the crests of the fold /groove)
hese neural crest cells first unite together and they migrate to the dermis of the headregion.
In summary: So at the junction of the neural plate with the ectoderm these unite and thenpinch off as the neural tube separates from the ectoderm. Neural crest cells migrate withinthe mesoderm. So far it is 1.5-3 mm.Neural crest cells are Ectomesenchyme tissue.Why ecto- ?? because the come from the ectoderm.Why mesenchyme?? because now they live with in the mesoderm.
hese cells only spread through the mesoderm of the head.
hat do they form ?
They form the dermis of the head region. The area just below the epidermis. Theyspread within the dermis of the skin and the lamina propria epithelium.2.
They from the dental tissue EXCEPT enamel.Where does enamel come from ?it comes from ectoderm.Where does dentin come from? The Ectomesenchymal cells of the neuralcrest cells. Also the periodontal ligament (ceramic part of the tooth )and thebrachial arteries (which will be given in the next lecture ) is formed by theneural crest cells.