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Arctic_Social_Science_Bib

Arctic_Social_Science_Bib

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 Bibliography of ‘Arctic social science’ theses and dissertations – 2006 Aug. 7 – p. 1 of 355jack@jackhicks.com
 
Bibliography of ‘Arctic Social Science’ Theses and Dissertations
2006 Aug. 7
Big thanks to Birger and Mariekathrine Poppel, Marianne Stenbaek, Navarana Beveridge and Daniel Cuerrier fortheir assistance with translations, and to everyone who has contributed references.This is very much a work in progress, and despite the fact that it contains 1,160 entries this bibliography isundoubtedly missing a great many theses and dissertations – especially those written in languages other thanEnglish. Notification of omissions (and of typos and other errors) would be oh-so-greatly appreciated! Please sendthem to Jack hicks atjack@jackhicks.com.The abstracts are those prepared by the authors of the theses and dissertations. The spellings of some words havebeen standardized to facilitate searching.
Abadian, Sousan. (1999) "From wasteland to homeland: Trauma and the renewal of indigenous peoples and theircommunities." Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University. 524 pp.
Why is it that the descendants of the original peoples of North America living today on reserves and reservations continue to suffer disproportionately from poverty, poor health, violence, alcohol and substanceabuse? What are effective means of bettering substandard conditions?This study suggests that unresolved or poorly resolved individual and collective trauma is an oftenoverlooked, key causal variable which helps explain present-day conditions in many indigenous communities.Parts I and II explore the ‘trauma thesis’ and suggest that the experience of trauma may profoundly distort individual perceptual filters, values, and behaviour, with damaging social ramifications. Prolonged and extensive trauma can distort institutions and destroy productive social capital, fostering the antithesis of a‘civic culture’ -- a ‘subculture of trauma’ -- with dire implications for economic and political life.Multiple generations of native peoples have experienced individual-level trauma in the context of massivecollective traumatization. This coupling of individual and collective trauma is particularly deadly because,among other things, it cripples the capacity of individuals to heal. Under these circumstances, trauma islikely to be replicated through time and space, and manifest in substandard conditions.In addition to exploring root causes, this study has aimed to provide some insight into possible means of reversing substandard conditions and enhancing well-being. To this end, Part III utilizes psychological theory on the processes of healing from trauma as well as field cases from North American nativecommunities. Part III suggests that a set of interventions employed by increasing numbers of aboriginal communities in various guises, described as ‘culture as treatment,’ are effective means of countering traumatically-induced social pathologies on reserves and reservations today (the ‘culture as treatment thesis’).I conclude with an accounting of what culture as treatment might ideally entail: psychological, cultural and spiritual renewal. Renewal does not mean mere restoration of what was lost, even if that were possible, but may require a degree of adaptation to the changed realities of present-day circumstances.Moreover, I suggest that cultural renewal/psychological healing and economic development are not necessarily at odds with one another. The economic and sociocultural imperatives can go hand-in-hand: theyare compatible and indeed may support one another.
Abel, Kerry M. (1981) "The South Nahanni River Region, NWT (1820-1972): Patterns of socioeconomic transition inthe Canadian north." M.A. Thesis, University of Manitoba (The).———. (1985) "The drum and the cross: An ethnohistorical study of mission work among the Dene, 1858-1902."Ph.D. Dissertation, Queen’s University at Kingston.
While studies of the Indian role in the northern fur trade have become an important part of the historical literature, less attention has been paid to the era of mission work in the Canadian north. It is popularlybelieved that missionaries forced massive cultural changes upon the acquiescent Dene, thus contributing totheir modern problems of dislocation and uncertainty. This study examines the Indian response to the work of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate and the Church Missionary Society in the Mackenzie Valley, and rejects anumber of previously held assumptions and theories, including the argument that these native people turned to Christianity as an alternate solution when their own spiritual systems no longer seemed effective indealing with new problems, and the argument that the Dene were easily and rapidly Christianized becausetheir own religious beliefs were weak and ‘undeveloped.’ The Dene, in fact, exhibited a range of 
 
 Bibliography of ‘Arctic social science’ theses and dissertations – 2006 Aug. 7 – p. 2 of 355jack@jackhicks.com 
individualistic and highly personal responses to the mission teaching, but the fact that today the majority call themselves Roman Catholic does not constitute proof that they have been completely drawn into the Euro-Canadian value system. Rather, the persistence of their traditional world view is traced. The Dene made useof the missionary presence for their own ends, and were not passive recipients of mission instruction or demands. While the focus of this study is on the Dene response, part of that response can be understood onlythrough a better awareness of the methods and purposes of the missionaries themselves. The strictlyEvangelical approach of the Anglicans and the more flexible aspirations of the Roman Catholics, who hoped to create a society of Christian hunters, are also examined. The ethnohistorical approach must not neglect either side of the culture contact situation. Hence it is concluded that the period of missionary work in theCanadian north was a complex exchange of ideals and values, in which the Dene made active choices on thebasis of a strong cultural tradition. Both persistence and change have combined in what may be a situationunique among North American Indian societies.
Abele, Frances. (1983) "The Berger Inquiry and the politics of transformation in the Mackenzie Valley." Ph.D.Dissertation, York University. 332 pp.
The unusual prominence and resonance of the Berger Inquiry into the construction of a Mackenzie Valleypipeline may be explained by the Inquiry’s role in the transformation of the fundamental social relations of native societies in the Mackenzie Valley. The Berger Inquiry period comprises one crucial phase in the long process of transformation which began when native societies were first contacted by emissaries of Europeancapitalism during the 18th century. Successive exogenous influences shaped changes in Mackenzie Valleysocial relations, but these influences did not decisively draw the Dene into capitalist society. The expansionof the Northwest Territories regional government and the post-Prudhoe Bay oil rush in the late 1960sthreatened to achieve this resolution, by legally and practically separating the Dene from the material basisof non-capitalist productive activity -- that is, from the land. Apprehension of this prospect, together with newopportunities for communication and organization (provided by the Berger Inquiry and in other ways)prompted the self-organization of Mackenzie Valley native people and their emergence into modern ‘politics.’ The details of this process, and of the Inquiry’s influence, are explored at length. A subsidiary theme of thethesis is that certain analytical tools developed by Karl Marx in his study of the emergence of capitalism inEurope may be used to comprehend both the transformation of Dene social relations, and the role of theCanadian state in this development. A general conclusion is that because the Dene confront a liberal democratic capitalist state, they may build upon the basis of traditional social relations a new society whichpreserves significant elements of older ways, including a special relationship to the land.
Acheson, Ann W. (1977) "Nomads in town: The Kutchin of Old Crow, Yukon Territory." Ph.D. Dissertation, CornellUniversity. 358 pp.Adams, Dennis L. (1978) "Inuit recreation and cultural change: A case study of the effects of acculturative change onTununirmiut lifestyle and recreation patterns." M.A. Thesis, University of Alberta. 255 pp.Adams, Michelle A. (1997) "Environmental impact of Arctic municipal landfills as contaminant point sources: Casestudy: Tuktoyaktuk Solid Waste site." M.Eng. Thesis, Royal Military College of Canada. 216 pp.
The scientific investigation of the Tuktoyaktuk Solid Waste site was carried out in 1996 during site visits fromJune 18 to July 17. The environmental assessment of the site addressed the physical condition of the site,contaminated soil and contaminant migration away from the site. An emphasis has been placed on theevaluation of environmental impact on the surrounding ecosystems, and the potential for chemical contaminants to enter the food chain. Data provided by this study allowed for an evaluation of theenvironmental risk associated with Arctic municipal landfills acting as point source contamination.A total of 118 soil and sediment samples, and ten water samples were collected from the interior of the siteand from the surrounding area. These samples form the basis of the chemical contamination part of the siteassessment. They can be divided into the reconnaissance assessment samples (82) which were collected inpreviously uninvestigated areas, and detailed assessment samples (36) which were collected around areaswhere elevated concentrations of some inorganic elements had been detected in the field, using an X-rayfluorescence test kit. 30 plants and 17 fish were collected in or in close proximity of the landfill in order toassess whether contaminants had previously -- or were currently -- migrating off site into the terrestrial and marine food chains.Soil samples were screened for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), inorganic elements, polycyclic aromatichydrocarbons (PAHs), pesticides and total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH). Water was analyzed for the same
 
 Bibliography of ‘Arctic social science’ theses and dissertations – 2006 Aug. 7 – p. 3 of 355jack@jackhicks.com 
contaminants within the exception of PAHs. Plants and fish were analyzed for inorganic elements and PCBs,as these substances are the most indicative of contaminant loading.Ten assessment samples collected at the Tuktoyaktuk solid waste site contained at least one analyte at aconcentration exceeding any applicable criterion. Zinc, lead and copper were the most commoncontaminants. PCBs were found at nominal levels throughout the site but were not found at concentrationsabove the most stringent criterion (Tier 1) of 1 ppm. Pesticides and PAHs levels were below criteria and inmany cases were not detectable. Elevated levels of TPH were found in a small number of samples, but thiscontamination appeared to be very localized and concentrations did not exceed the GNWT criteria of 2,500ppm.The levels of contaminants found in water ponded within the landfill -- landfill lagoon -- were below theguidelines for the ‘Discharge of Municipal Wastewater in the NWT.’ Therefore it is permissible for thelandfill lagoon to be discharged in the Kugmallit Bay inlet adjacent to the site.Many plants taken from within the landfill site contained at least one inorganic element in excess of theimpact criteria, but these were sampled from areas that did not appear to be used for grazing, and so do not pose a threat to local wildlife. Plants were from drainage pathways contained levels that were within therange found in background plants, indicating that, at present, there is no adverse impact on the terrestrial ecosystem outside of the landfill.The assessment of the surrounding marine environment indicated that it has not suffered any adverse effectsfrom the landfill. PCBs were undetectable in the marine sediment and fish collected from the inlet adjacent tothe landfill site, and inorganic element concentrations were comparable to background levels.Remedial recommendations include the segregation of different kinds of wastes, the removal of all ponded water from the centre of the landfill site and the continuation of proper fill-covering of the active area, at least on a seasonal basis. The proposed modifications will improve present site conditions, will allow thecontinued safe use of the landfill, and will prevent future contamination of the surrounding ecosystem.The overall conclusion of this thesis is that the Tuktoyaktuk landfill, while aesthetically unpleasant, does not pose an environment threat at this time. As the Tuktoyaktuk landfill is representative of the worst casescenario of northern landfills, this conclusion can be expanded to incorporate typical northern facilities as awhole.
Ager, Lynn P. (1975) "Alaskan Eskimo children’s games and their relationship to cultural values and role structure ina Nelson Island community." Ph.D. Dissertation, Ohio State University (The). 149 pp.Agger, Helen O. (1996) "Interaction between government officials and native people: Past and present." M.P.A.Thesis, University of Manitoba (The). 129 pp.
Primary factors which influenced interactions between native people and government officials began with theemergence of British mercantilism, capitalism, and colonialism. A conjunction of these economic and political variables with beliefs about racial superiority, a perceived mission to convert all non-Christians toChristianity, and conclusions based on studies by social Darwinians and eugenicists resulted in behavioural modes characterized by paternalism toward, fear of, or hatred against the native people. These negativebehaviours became reinforced by native people’s responses, that is, secondary factors, as they attempted tocope with the changing milieu.Policies formulated by government officials, reflecting the values of the dominant culture of which they arethe product, have largely failed to protect the interests of native people. Examples of this negligence on thepart of officials appeared in the events which surrounded the hydro-electric power project of northernManitoba.
Agren, Goran. (1998) "Transfer of radiocaesium to the Swedish population and subgroup of special interest." Ph.D.Dissertation, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet. 52 pp.
As a result of the fallout from atmospheric nuclear weapon tests, whole body measurements of radiocaesiumin the population of Sweden were started in the late 1950s. In the 1960s the Sámi population was recognised as a subgroup of the Swedish population with a greater risk than the general population of receiving highdoses caused by their larger intake of reindeer meat. In 1986, a new deposition of radiocaesium from theChernobyl nuclear power plant accident occurred. The deposition from Chernobyl was, unlike the depositionfrom the atmospheric nuclear weapon tests, inhomogeneous with a higher deposition in areas wherepopulation groups depending on food products from semi-natural ecosystems can be found.Since 1986, whole body measurements have been used to monitor the effects from the Chernobyl accident onseveral different subgroups of the Swedish population. The group with the highest whole body contents of 

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