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Community Organization

Community Organization

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Published by sonal_bhat_1
I found this very useful for the examination....
The notes are exhaustive and easy to learn!
I found this very useful for the examination....
The notes are exhaustive and easy to learn!

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Published by: sonal_bhat_1 on Mar 27, 2011
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07/21/2013

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Community Organization Notes
UNIT II HISTORY OF COMMUNITY ORGANISATION:
Contents:Aims and objectivesIntroductionPhilosophy of community organizationHistory of community organization- USA.,UK and IndiaGandhian Approach to Community organizationModels of community organization.Approaches to community organizationOverview of Rothman Model.2.1Aims and objectives:This unit aims at familiarizing you with the historical development and philosophy of community organization. You will also be introduced to different approaches and variousmodels of community organization with a special reference to Indian situation. After studyingthis unit you should be able to:Outline the History of community organization.Discuss the philosophy of community organizationAnalyze various approaches and models of community organization.Discuss the spirit of community organization in India and develop a positive attitude towardsdevelopmental efforts in India.Critically examine the past efforts and discuss the emergence of new trends in communityorganization.
 
2.2INTRODUCTION:The previous chapters have given you a birds eye view on the concept of communityorganization and its various principles. As you are already aware that, It has been practiced as amethod of social work in the western countries; especially in England and USA. However, Littlehas been written about the history of community organization. Community organization is aprocess and is all about solving the present day today problems of common interests by way of adopting democratic principles and peoples participation. People have used this method in thepast and have attained desired results. Thus, it is important for the students of communityorganization to understand the past, draw lessons from it and develop and experiment newmodels and methods required to work with community.In this chapter, we will be dealing with the History of community organization in England, USAand provide you with a brief idea about the community organization practice in India. In thelater part of the chapter, we will also discuss some of the models and approaches of communityorganization..WHY SHOULD WE STUDY HISTORY?We can learn a lot from the history, that variety of social- change groups faced with long oddsand with slim beginnings won out in the end. History makes us clear that slow times need notmean the death of hope. But lends us patience while teaching us persistence. The strategiesadopted in the past provide us concrete lessons on tactics and approaches allowing eachgeneration to build on the knowledge of its predecessors. It is all about the problems thepeople experienced and the solution they achieved.In short, history sensitizes us to the problems and possibilities of change, provides concreteadvice for the present-day action, and sustain our action with the hope and pride that comesfrom learning of past experience. Therefore, the study of the History of communityorganization becomes essential for a social worker.COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION:The term "community organization covers a series of activities at the community level aimedat bringing about desired improvement in the social well being of individuals, groups andneighborhoods". Community organizing is about creating a
 
Democratic instrument to bring about sustained social change. According to Murray G.Ross, "Community organization is a process by which a community identifies needs and takes action,and in doing so... develops co-operative attitudes and practices."2.3. PHILOSOPHY OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION:The early attempts in community organization were an outcome of the serious problems i.e.problems of unemployment, poverty etc. faced by the communities. Thus grew up manyorganisations and social agencies to provide support to the community. Soon, it was realizedthat all these efforts need to be co-ordinated and streamlined so as to avoid duplicity of workand to reduce the gap in the delivery of services to the community. At one point of time wemight ask, What has been the driving force behind all these efforts that prompted the people of Good will to render services to the community? Let us look at the Philosophy of CommunityOrganization, which may throw some light on this theme.The fundamental aspect of the community organizations is the principle of " Co-operativespirit" which promotes the people to unite together to address a common issue.Community organization recognizes the spirit of democratic values and principles andcommunity organization is about is creating democratic involvement.Organizing is about empowering. When people unite together, barring all discriminations andget involved in the community organizations, they develop confidence. This empowermentcomes when people learn skills to help themselves and others. The collective action helps incommunity building.The community organization recognizes the power of individual. It believes, through thecollective strength of the people, better teamwork and adopting scientific methods can makecomprehensive social problems.Another Philosophy is that of coordination. It is concerned with the adjustments and inter-relations of the forces in the community life for a common welfare.Community organization is therefore, is a continuous process in which adjustments are madeand remade to keep pace with the changing conditions of community life.2.4. HISTORY OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION:In a broad sense we can say wherever people have lived together, some form of organisationshas emerged. These informal associations of people always tried to do good to the people in

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